Colonial timeline

Timeline created by Mathew DuBach
In History
  • Roanoke

    Roanoke was Sir Walter Raleigh's two attempts to found the first permanent English settlement in North America. The first Roanoke colony was established in 1585 by governor Ralph Lane on Roanoke island. The second colony was set up in 1587. It was led by John White and became the lost colony after everyone disappeared.
  • Jamestown

    On May 14th 1607 a group of about 100 settlers founded the first English settlement in North America on the banks of the James River. Famine, disease, and conflict with the Native Americans living in the area caused the town to almost fail. Then a new group of settlers arrived with supplies. They grew tobacco for a lot of money and John Rolfe married Pocahontas to make peace with the natives and the town thrived.
  • House of Burgesses

    House of Burgesses
    From 1642 to 1776 the House of Burgesses was Virginia's legislative branch and government building alongside the royally-appointed colonial governor and the upper-house Council of State in the General Assembly. When Virginia declared themselves independent of England in 1776 the House of Burgesses became the House of Delegates which is still the lower house of general assembly.
  • Great Puritan Migration

    Great Puritan Migration
    Led by John Winthrop, the Pilgrims landed in Plymouth plantation they started the great puritan migration. They came to America to live righteous and spiritual lives rather than to get rich. They were very intelligent and highly literate. They sought to reform and purify the church of England.
  • Mayflower/ Plymouth/ Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower/ Plymouth/ Mayflower Compact
    The Mayflower sailed away from England in 1620 in hopes to find new land. They encountered multiple hardships along the way such as disease, storms, and people falling overboard. After more than two months at sea, they arrived at Cape Cod. Then they sailed to Plymouth, the old home of the Wampanoag, where they had settled The people signed the Mayflower Compact that bounded them together.
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony

    Massachusetts Bay Colony
    An English settlement on the east coast of North America around the Massachusetts bay. The founders were the owners of Massachusetts Bay Company, which included investors in the failed Dorchester Company. It was their second chance at colonization. They had a thriving population and a small government group strongly influenced by Puritan teachings. Most of their population was Puritan too.
  • Maryland

    Maryland was founded by George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, and other colonists at Baltimore in 1633. King Charles I of England specified that the colony was to be called Maryland in honor of his wife, Queen Henrietta Maria. It was part of the Southern colonies. It was founded in search of religious freedom. Their economy was mostly agriculture and they had slave to help them.
  • Rhode Island

    Rhode Island
    Founded by Roger Williams in 1636 who was banished from Massachusetts because of his religious views. It is the smallest state in the US today. It was the forefront of the Industrial Revolution and the establishment of power driven textile mills.
  • Maryland Toleration Act

    Maryland Toleration Act
    Passed on April 21st, 1649, the Maryland Toleration Act was meant for tolerance of Trinitarian Christians. It was the second law that required religious tolerance in British North American colonies. It granted freedom of conscience to all Christians. The act was repealed though by William Claiborne when the Calverts regained control of Maryland.
  • Carolina

    Founded in 1663 and given to King Charles II's noblemen for helping him regain the throne. King Charles expected the land to stop the expansion from Spanish Florida. The colony was split into 2 provinces after a dispute in government and the distance between settlements.
  • New York

    New York
    The Dutch first settled along the Hudson River in 1624. Two years later they established New Amsterdam on Manhattan Island. The English took control of the area in 1664 and named the colony, New York, where it played a big political and strategical role in the American Revolution.
  • Bacon's Rebellion

    Bacon's Rebellion
    Bacon's rebellion was an armed rebellion of Virginia settlers that took place in 1676 led by Nathaniel Bacon against governor Willian Berkeley. It was the first Rebellion in North America the discontented frontier men took part of.'s_Rebellion
  • Pennsylvania

    Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn, who was given royal decree by King Charles II, as a haven for him and his Quakers. Its capital, Philadelphia, was the home for the first and second Continental Congress in 1774 and 1775. The land was home to many Native American tribes before they were driven off and killed off by disease.
  • Salem Witch Trials

    Salem Witch Trials
    The Salem witch trials were a series of accusations of people practicing witchcraft in Colonial Massachusetts between February 1692 to May 1693. Two hundred were accused, 30 were found guilty, 19 were executed, and at least 5 died in jail. Many arrests were made beyond Salem including Andover and Topsfield. The trials were held by a Court of Oyer and Terminer in 1692 and Superior Court of Judicature in 1693 where those guilty were also hung.
  • Great Awakening/Enlightenment

    Great Awakening/Enlightenment
    The Great Awakening was a religious revival in the 1730's and 1740's. The passion for Christ was dying and priests and preachers went around preaching and trying to promote enthusiasm for Christ again. They were able to renew people's faith and turn them back to God.
  • Albany Plan

    Albany Plan
    The Albany plan was to unify the 13 colonies under one government suggested by Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania to his fellow delegates. After much discussion and debating, the idea was rejected because the legislatures of all seven colonies did not want to lose their existing powers.
  • French-Indian War

    French-Indian War
    A war between France and Great Britain that lasted 9 years. It was a war for control of the colonial territory in North America. Both sides of the war had many Native American allies to help build numbers and fight.
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763
    Issued by King George on October 7, 1763, it forbid people to settle west of a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains because that land was an Indian reserve. It created dispute between the British and settlers.
  • Salutary Neglect

    Salutary Neglect
    Salutary neglect is the act of avoiding the strict laws of the British colonies. Up until the end of the 17th century, mercantilism was in place and controlling most of the trade networks. After 1763, the British tried to enforce even more strict rules which eventually lead to the American Revolution.
  • Connecticut

    One of the original 13 colonies, Connecticut was initially an agricultural community, by the mid 19th century, textile and machine manufacturing had become its main industries. It was the home of Eli Whitney and Samuel Colt and was the leading manufacturer of guns and other arms.