colonial timeline

  • 1573

    The French and Indian War

    The French and Indian War
    The French and Indian War was a theater of the Seven Years' War, which pitted the North American colonies of the British Empire against those of the French, each side being supported by various Native American tribes. At the start of the war, the French colonies had a population of roughly 60,000 settlers, compared with 2 million in the British colonies. Two years into the French and Indian War, Great Britain declared war on France, beginning the worldwide Seven Years' War.
  • Roanoke colony

    Roanoke colony
    Roanoke Colony was made by Ralph Lane in 1585 on Roanoke Island in the country Dare County, North Carolina, United States. Lane's colony was in troubled by a lack of supplies and very poor relations with the local Native Americans. after Following the failure of the 1585 settlement, a second expedition, led by John White, landed on the same island in 1587, and set up another settlement. Sir Walter Raleigh had sent him to establish the "City" of Raleigh" in Chesapeake Bay.
  • Jamestown

    The Jamestown settlement in the Colony of Virginia was the first permanent English settlement in the Americas. It was located on the northeast bank of the James River, about 2.5 mi (4 km) southwest of the center of modern Williamsburg. It was established by the Virginia Company of London as "James Fort" on May 4, 1607 O.S. and was considered permanent after a brief abandonment in 1610. In 1619, the first recorded slaves from Africa to British North America are here.
  • New York

    New York
    New York was one of the original Thirteen Colonies forming the United States. The area of New York had been inhabited by tribes of the Algonquians and the Iroquois Confederacy Native Americans for several thousand years by the time the earliest Europeans arrived. Stemming from Henry Hudson's expedition in 1609, the Dutch established the colony of New Netherland in 1621. During the American Revolutionary War a group of colonists eventually succeeded in establishing independence.
  • House Of Bergesses

    House Of Bergesses
    The House of Burgesses was the elected representative of the Virginia General Assembly, the legislative body of the Colony of Virginia. With the invention of the House of Burgesses in 1642, the General Assembly became a bicameral institution. From 1642 to 1776, the House of Burgesses was an instrument of government alongside the royally-appointed colonial governor and the upper-house Council of State in the General House. The Colony of Virginia was founded by the Virginia Company.
  • The Great Puritan Migration

    The Great Puritan Migration
    The Puritan migration to New England was marked from 1620 to 1640, declining afterwards. The term Great Migration can refer to the migration in the age of English Puritans to the New England colonies, starting with the Plymouth Colony and Massachusetts Bay Colony. They came in family groups rather than as isolated individuals and were mainly motivated to practice their beliefs. King James I and Charles I made some efforts to make a piece treaty with the Puritan clergy who had been alienated.
  • The Mayflower Compact

    The Mayflower Compact
    The Mayflower Compact, originally titled Agreement Between the Settlers of New Plymouth, was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony. It was written by the men aboard the Mayflower, consisting of Separatist Puritans, adventurers, and tradesmen. Although the agreement contained a pledge of loyalty to the King, the Puritans and other Protestant Separatists were dissatisfied with the state of the Church of England. The Mayflower Compact was signed aboard ship on November 21.
  • The Carolinas

    The Carolinas
    The Carolinas are the U.S. states of North Carolina and South Carolina, considered collectively. They are bordered by Virginia to the north, Tennessee to the west, and Georgia to the southwest. Combining North Carolina's population of 10,439,388 and South Carolina's of 5,118,425, the Carolinas have a collective population of 15,557,813 as of 2020. If the Carolinas were a single state of the United States, it would be the fifth-most populous state, behind California, Texas, Florida, and New York.
  • Massachusetts bay colony

    Massachusetts bay colony
    The Massachusetts Bay Colony, more formally the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, was an English settlement on the east coast of North America around the Massachusetts Bay, one of the several colonies later reorganized as the Province of Massachusetts Bay. The lands of the settlement were in southern New England, with initial settlements on two natural harbors and surrounding land about 15.4 miles apart the areas around Salem and Boston, north of the previously established Plymouth Colony.
  • Rhode Island

    Rhode Island
    Rhode Island is a state in the New England region of the Northeastern United States. It is the smallest U.S. state by area and the seventh-least populous, with slightly fewer than 1.1 million residents as of but Rhode Island has grown at every decennial count since 1790 and is the second-most densely populated state, after New Jersey. The state takes its name from the eponymous island, though nearly all its land area is on the mainland. Rhode Island borders Connecticut to its west.
  • The Maryland Toleration Act

    The Maryland Toleration Act, also known as the Act Concerning Religion, the first law in North America requiring religious tolerance for Christians. It was passed on April 21, 1649, by the assembly of the Maryland colony, in St. Mary's City in St. Mary's County, Maryland. It created one of the pioneer statutes passed by the legislative body of an organized colonial government to guarantee any degree of religious liberty. Specifically, the bill, now usually referred to as the Toleration Act.
  • Bacon's rebellion

    Bacon's Rebellion was a rebellion held by Virginia settlers that took place from 1676 to 1677. It was led by Nathaniel Bacon against Colonial Governor William Berkeley, after Berkeley refused Bacon's request to drive Native American Indians out of Virginia. Thousands of Virginians from all classes and races rose up in arms against Berkeley chasing him from Jamestown and ultimately torching the settlement. this the first rebellion in the North American colonies in which discontented frontiersmen.
  • Pennsylvania

    Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Germany officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state spanning the Mid-Atlantic, Northeastern, Appalachian, and Great Lakes regions of the United States. Pennsylvania borders Delaware to its southeast, Maryland to its south, West Virginia to its southwest, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to its northwest, New York to its north, and the Delaware River and New Jersey to its east. Pennsylvania is the fifth-most populous state in the United States,
  • The Salem Witch Trials

    The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts on February 1692 and on May 1693. More than 200 people were accused. Thirty people were found guilty, 19 of whom were executed by hanging (14 women and five men) as well as 2 dogs. One other man, Giles Corey, died under refusing to enter a plea, and at least five people died in jail. Arrests were made in and found guilty numerous towns beyond Salem and Salem Village.
  • The Great Awakening

    The Great Awakening was a series of religious revivals in American Christian history. Historians and theologians identify three, or sometimes four, waves of increased religious enthusiasm between the early 18th century and the late 20th century. Each of these "Great Awakenings" was characterized by widespread revivals led by evangelical Protestant ministers, a sharp increase of interest in religion, a profound sense of conviction and redemption on the part of those affected.
  • Albany Plan

    The Albany Plan of Union was a rejected plan to create a unified government for the Thirteen Colonies at the Albany Congress on July 10, 1754 in Albany, New York. The plan was suggested by Benjamin Franklin, then a senior leader and a delegate from Pennsylvania. Franklin spent much time among the Iroquois observing their deliberations and pleaded with the colonial leaders to consider the plan. The Albany Congress discussed the plan.
  • The Royal Proclamation of 1763

    The Royal Proclamation of 1763 was issued by King George III on 7 October. It followed the Treaty of Paris, which formally ended the Seven Years' War and transferred French territory in North America to Great Britain. The Proclamation forbade all settlements west of a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains, which was delineated as an Indian Reserve. Exclusion from the vast region of Trans-Appalachia created discontent between Britain and colonial land speculators and potential settlers.
  • salutary neglect

    In American history, salutary neglect was the policy of the British Crown of avoiding the strict enforcement of parliamentary laws, especially trade laws, as long as British colonies remained loyal to the government and contributed to the economic growth of their parent country, England and then, after the Acts of Union, Great Britain. The term was first used in 1775 by Edmund Burke. ideas were gaining force in England and giving general shape to trade policy through a series of Navigation Acts.
  • Connecticut

    Connecticut's first European settlers were Dutchmen who established a settlement called House of Hope in Hartford at the confluence of the Park and Connecticut Rivers. Half of Connecticut was initially claimed by the Dutch colony New Netherland, which added much of the land between the Connecticut and Delaware Rivers, although the first major settlements were established in the 1630's by the English.
    Fun fact: Connecticut was one of the Thirteen Colonies which rejected British rule.
  • Maryland

    Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. It borders Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C., to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean to its east. With a total land area of 12,407 square miles, Maryland is the eighth-smallest state by land area, and its population of 6,177,224 ranks it the 18th-most populous state, and also Baltimore is the largest city in the state, and the capital is Annapolis.