Classical Era

Timeline created by caroline.rollwitz
In Music
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    Pietro Metastasio

    court poet in Vienna, was the most important author of librettos, composed 27 3-act heroic operas, 8 oratorios, poems, serenatas, and other dramatic works
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    Giovanni Battista Sammartini

    Galant Italian composer, composed concertos, overtures, quartets, sonatas, 5 stage works, sacred and secular vocal works, also innovated the symphony in Milan
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    Farinelli (Carlo Broschi)

    one of the most famous castrati in the 18th century
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    Franz Xaver Richter

    German composer, teacher and singer, he composed symphonies, concertos, sonatas, string quartets, oratorios, masses, cantatas, and motets, he was the innovator of the string quartet, Mannheim composer
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    Wilhelm Friedemann Bach

    German composer, father is J.S. Bach, "Halle Bach", composed keyboard works, concertos, chamber music, sinfonias, cantatas, and writings
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    Prince Nikolaus J. Eszterhazy

    Haydn's patron and employer
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    Carl Phiipp Emaunel Bach

    Galant, oldest Bach son, essosiated with the Empfindsamkeit, cimposed symphonies, keyboard works, 100+ sonatas, concertos, arias, songs, choral music, and theoretical works, worked for Frederick the Great
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    Christoph Willibald Gluck

    German opera-reform composer, composed operas, ballets, vocal works, and sonatas, sometimes considered a Baroque composer
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    Johann Stamitz

    Galant, symphonic innovator in Mannheim, conductor, violinist and teacher, composed 58 symphonies, concertos, chamber music, orchestral trios, sacred vocal works, helped establish the symphonic genre
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    Leopold Mozart

    composer, violinist, teacher and theorist, composed vocal and choral music, chamber music, symphonies, keyboard works, concertos, and writings, father to Mozart
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    Dr. Charles Burney

    Music historian, organist, and author, wrote about his observation in Europe
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    Classical Period

    Sonata form form was at an all time high in achievements, compositions became polythematic, repeated notes in melodic and accompanimental passages, occasional rests (surprise stops) for affects, temp was steady, opera became the main form of public entertainment, instrumental concerts were on the rise, church music resembled secular arias, courts and churches still employed musicians
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    Franz Joseph Haydn

    Austrian composer, innovated the Classical era, composed 106 symphonies, 20 operas, chamber music, piano works, choral music, and 83 string quartets, he was also a teacher, keyboardist and violinist
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    Johann Christian bach

    Worked in London and Milan, father was J.S. Bach, wrote symphonies, church music, concertos, keyboard works, and operas
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    Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart

    German composer, also a keyboardist, writer, and poet, composed songs and keyboard works,
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    Luigi Boccherini

    Italian cellist and composer, composed 91 string quartets, quintets, sextets, octets, symphonies, choral music, arias, 90+ string quintets, sonatas
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    William Billings

    New America composer, also a singing teacher, composed Psalms, hyms, and writings
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    Giuseppe Maria Cambini

    Italian violinist and composer, composed 10 operas, 80 symphonies, 149 string quartets, chamber music, sacred and secular vocal works
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    Domenico Cimarosa

    Italian composer, big figure in opera during this time, composed 65 o peras, masses, 6 quartets, keyboard works, oratorios
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    Lorenzo Da Ponte

    Italian poet and librettist, collaborated with Mozartprofessor at Columbia college
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    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

    German writer and poet, literary push to Romanticism
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    Antonio Salieri

    Italian teacher and composer, transitioned between galant and classical then to romantic, composed 46 operas, oratorios, masses, 180 cannons, chamber music, arias, pedagogical works, orchestral works, liturgical music, cantatas
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    Muzio Clementi

    English composer (actually Italian), teacher, music publisher, keyboardist, and piano manufacturer, composed sonatas, symphonies, chamber music, pedagogical works
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    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

    Austrian composer, composed in all genres, child prodigy, innovated opera, composed 20 operas, piano concerts, choral music, chamber music, songs, other vocal works, other concertos, symphonies, and sonatas
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    American Revolutionary War

    fought between England and the 13 colonies, resulted in the British ruling to be overthrown in the colonies, established the United States of America