Classical Era (1730s-1810s)

  • Antonio Sacchini (June 14 1730- Oct 6 1786)

    Genres commonly composed: Opera Seria
    Important Musical Inventions: French harpsichord
    Musical Stylistic Traits: Focus on solo voice and belcanto
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: The iron plough was invented
  • Christian Cannabich ( Dec 28 1731- Jan 20 1798)

    Genres commonly composed: Orchestral music
    Important Musical Inventions: Inventions of the piano.
    Musical Stylistic Traits: Use of Mannheim style to their dynamics and shape melodic structure.
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: Invention of the Sextant.
  • Franz Joseph Haydn ( Mar 31 1732- May 31 1809)

    Genres commonly composed: Classical music
    Important Musical Inventions: Sonata Allegro Form
    Musical Stylistic Traits: Helped establish style forms for string quartets.
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: The Threshing Machine.
  • Gian Francesco de Majo ( Mar 24 1732- Nov 17 1770)

    Genres commonly composed: Classical Opera
    Important Musical Inventions: Piano-forte
    Musical Stylistic Traits: Sacred works of Oratorios, Cantatas, and Masses.
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: The Threshing Machine.
  • Pierre-Augustine Beaumarchias ( Jan 24 1732- May 18 1799)

    Genres commonly composed: Classical (Comedy/ Drama)
    Important Musical Inventions: Sonata Allegro Form
    Musical Stylistic Traits: Soon after the banishment of Louis XVI from a play became a music teacher.
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: The Threshing Machine
  • Francois Joseph Gossec ( Jan 17 1734 Feb 16 1829)

    Genres commonly composed: Classical music
    Important Musical Inventions: The Harp
    Musical Stylistic Traits: Expanded French orchestra by including horn and clarinet.
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: Flying Shuttle
  • Johann Christian Bach ( Sept 5 1735- Jan 1 1782)

    Genres commonly composed: Classical Music
    Important Musical Inventions: The pedal harpsichord
    Musical Stylistic Traits: He blends German technique with an Italian influence.
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: The 1st Chronometer.
  • Johann Georg Albrechtsberger ( Feb 3 1736- March 7 1809)

    Genres commonly composed: Classical Music
    Important Musical Inventions: The harpsichord
    Musical Stylistic Traits: He was one of the leading experts in music theory.
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: John Harrison tests the 1st sea clock.
  • Michael Haydn ( Sept 14 1737- Aug 10 1806)

    Genres commonly composed: Classical Music
    Important Musical Inventions: Stradivarius Violin
    Musical Stylistic Traits: Development of larger structures out of simple motifs.
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: The winnowing machine
  • Johann Baptist Vanhal ( May 12 1739- Aug 20 1813)

    Genres commonly composed: Classical Music
    Important Musical Inventions: Sinfonia's
    Musical Stylistic Traits: Repeated semiquavers, pounding quavers in the bass line, wide skips in the themes.
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: Paul Lewis's roller spinning machine.
  • Anna Amalia, Duchess of Saxe-Weimar ( Oct 24 1739- Apr 10 1807)

    Genres commonly composed: German Opera of Singspiel
    Important Musical Inventions: Sinfonia's
    Musical Stylistic Traits: She worked as a regent, patron, and composer.
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: Paul Lewis's roller spinning machine.
  • Giovanni Paisiello ( May 9 1740- June 5 1816)

    Genres commonly composed: Classical Music
    Important Musical Inventions: The first glass harp
    Musical Stylistic Traits: The use of Comic Opera
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: Crucible steel techniques.
  • Luigi Boccherini ( Feb 19 1743- May 28 1805)

    Genres commonly composed: Classical Music
    Important Musical Inventions: The Clavichord
    Musical Stylistic Traits: Exhibiting rhythmic invention with the influence of guitar.
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: The Wool carding machine
  • Marianna Martines ( May 4 1744- Dec 13 1812)

    Genres commonly composed: Classical Music
    Important Musical Inventions: Sonate Accademiche
    Musical Stylistic Traits: Oratorios, Masses, Sacred choral works, and Secular Cantatas.
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: The Integrated brass mill
  • Carl Stamitz ( May 7 1745- Nov 9 1801)

    Genres commonly composed: Classical Music
    Important Musical Inventions: Gold Coast musical instruments
    Musical Stylistic Traits: The chief member of the so-called Mannheim School.
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: The first electrical capacitor.
  • Giuseppe Maria Cambini ( Feb 13 1746- Dec 29 1825)

    Genres commonly composed: Classical Music
    Important Musical Inventions: Viola D'amore
    Musical Stylistic Traits: French Galant style
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: The production of sulphuric acid.
  • William Billings ( Oct 17 1746- Sept 26 1800)

    Genres commonly composed: Classical/ American folk music
    Important Musical Inventions: Viola D'amore
    Musical Stylistic Traits: The early American primitive style
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: The lightening rod
  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe ( Aug 28 1749- Mar 22 1832)

    Genres commonly composed: 'Folk-Style'
    Important Musical Inventions: Music for Royal fireworks
    Musical Stylistic Traits: The associated tradition of performance
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: The modern food-canning process.
  • Lorenzo Da Ponte ( Mar 10 1749- Aug 17 1838)

    Genres commonly composed: Opera Librettist
    Important Musical Inventions: The Music for Royal fireworks
    Musical Stylistic Traits: Librettos of Mozart's Le nozze di Figaro, Don Giovanni and Così fan tutte.
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: Modern food-canning
  • Antonio Salieri ( Aug 18 1750- May 7 1825)

    Genres commonly composed: Classical Music
    Important Musical Inventions: The majority of string instruments
    Musical Stylistic Traits: Important figure in the development of Italian opera.
    Major Historical Inventions/ Events: The jigsaw puzzle