When the Southern states broke away from the United States to become the Confederate states of America. This was because Lincoln said he would not change slavery, but he did.
Attack on Fort Sumter
Fort Sumter started the civil war, when the Confederate troops attacked the Federal outpost in Charleston. After 34 hours of fighting, Fort Sumter surrendered.
1st Battle of the Bull Run
This was the first major battle of the civil war. it was won by the Confederates and crushed the Unions hopes of winning.
Battle of Shiloh
Grant tried to gather more soldiers for a battle, and when he wasn't looking, the rebels attacked. During this battle the Union gained better control of the Mississippi River Valley and gained another victory
Seven Days Battle
General Lee strengthened the Confederate Army and attacked the Union at Richmond. This forced McClellan and his army to retreat.
2nd Battle of the Bull Run
Confederats met the Union on the battlefield. The three day battle became known as the Second Battle of the Bull Run. The South won...again.
Battle of Antietam
The first battle the Union won. It is known as the bloodiest battle of the Civil War, and in history. More soldiers were killed than in the American Revolution, The War of 1812, and the Mexican American War combined.
Battle of Fredericksburg
General Ambrose Burnside took his army of 120,000 men to Fredericksburg. He was going to have his men attack, but they hesitated. The South then blocked them and when the North tried to attack again, they failed.
Battle of Chancellorsville
The Union tok position in the city of Chacellorsville to wait for the South. Lee ordered his attack. The Union was almost cut in half but somehow managed to hold a devensive wall for three days.
Siege of Vicksburg
When the Union trapped the Confederates and starved them until they surrendered. As food ran out people would eat horses, dogs, and rats while dodging bombshells.
This was when Lee told the army to charge at the center of the UNion army. Men were being showered with connons and gun fire, but they kept going.Eventually, they retreated with about 7,500 casualties.
Battle of Gettysburg
Gettysburg was the key battle that ended the civil war. The South pushed the North into Gettysbug. They landed on a high hill. Here Lee thought the Union was too powerful to overrun, so he went east and had his men camp out. Lee kept attacking and kept losing. The UNion eventually won.
Charge by the 54th Massachusetts Infantry
An army of free African Americans that really proved how skilled they were. They attacked Fort Wagner in South Carolina and are now known as heros.
The Gettysburg Address
A speech that Lincoln gave to his Union army for their bravery. He also complimented them on their commitment to winning the Civil War.
Lee surrenders to Grant
Both armies met at the Appomatlox Courthouse so that Lee could sign the surrender papers. Grant and Lee shook hands and Gran was nice and let all the Confederates keep their horses and he even let Lee keep his sword.