Civil War Timeline/Hamelin By Artieeeeeeeeeeeeee Period: Jan 1, 1860 to Dec 31, 1865 Civil War Timeline/Hamelin May 18, 1860 Lincoln is elected as the presidential candidate for the republican party Abraham Lincoln was elected as the U.S. Presidential Candidate for the republican party. He was campaigning against the democratic candidate Stephen Douglass. Nov 6, 1860 Lincoln elected President Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16th President of the United States. He was a representative of the republican party. Dec 18, 1860 John Critteden proposes Critteden Compromise Senator John Critteden proposed the Critteden Compromise, which was suposed to put an end to possible succesion. Dec 20, 1860 South Carolina secedes from the Union After the election of President Abraham Lincoln, South Carolina secedes from the United States. Dec 24, 1860 South Carolina issues the Declaration of Immediate Causes Four days after the seccesion of South Carolina, they issue the Declaration of Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Seccesion of South Carolina from the Federal Union. Jan 9, 1861 15 more states secede After South Carolina seceded, 15 more states seceded, starting with Mississippi on January 3rd, 1861, and ending with Kentucky on December 10th, 1861. Apr 12, 1861 Confederates capture Fort Sumter Confederates capture Fort Sumter with no deaths on both sides. This begins the Civil War Jul 21, 1861 First Battle of Bull Run The first major battle of the civil war. Took place at Manassas junction, Virginia. Ended in confederate victory. Nov 1, 1861 McClellan appointed general of Union army President Lincoln appointed George McClellan as General of the Union army, replacing Winfield Scott. Nov 6, 1861 Jefferson Davis elected President of the confederacy Jefferson Davis was elected the first and only President of the Confederate States of America. Apr 6, 1862 Battle of Shiloh Battle near Shiloh, Tennessee. Under command of Ulysses S. Grant, union soldiers defeated the confederates. Jun 4, 1862 Battle of Fort Pillow A battle that resulted in a Union victory near Memphis, Tennessee. The capture of this fort made it very easy for the Union to capture Memphis Jun 6, 1862 Battle of Memphis Naval battle that took place on the Mississippi river. Ended in Union victory. Sep 17, 1862 Battle of Antietam Bloodiest single-day battle in U.S. history. Fought near Sharpsburg, Maryland. Ended in Union victory. Nov 5, 1862 Lincoln removes McClellan President Lincoln removes General George McClellan as the leader of the union army. He is replaced by Ulysses S. Grant. Jan 1, 1863 Emancipation Proclamation Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, which called for the release on 3.1 million slaves in the Confederate states. May 18, 1863 Siege of Vicksburg Union forces surrounded Vicksburg, Mississippi, allowing no one to enter or leave. On July 4th, over 30,000 confederate troops surrender. Jul 1, 1863 Battle of Gettysburg Bloodiest battle of the war. Ended in Union victory with 23,000 Union casualties and 28,000 Confederate casualties. Aug 8, 1863 Lee attempts to resign General Robert E. Lee attempts to resign from his position as general after the battle of Gettysburg. Jefferson Davis refuses. Nov 19, 1863 Gettysburg Address Abraham Lincoln gives his famous speech, The Gettysburg Address, at the dedication ceremony for the military cemetery located there. Apr 9, 1864 Grant becomes commander Abraham Lincoln officially appoints General Ulysses S. Grant as commander of all Union forces. Jun 5, 1864 Battle of Piedmont Union soldiers under David Hunter defeat the confederates at Piedmont, West Virginia. Nov 15, 1864 Sherman's march to the sea General William T. Sherman begins a march to the sea, leaving death and destuction in his path. Nov 26, 1864 First prisoners at Andersonvile The first 500 northern prisoners arrive at the Andersonville, Georgia prison camp. Dec 15, 1864 Battle of Nashville Union forces uner Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas defeat confederate forces at Nashville, Tennessee. Apr 2, 1865 Davis flees Richmond Confederate President Jefferson Davis flees the confederate capital Richmond, Virginia. Apr 3, 1865 Union takes Richmond A day after Davis flees, the Union army captures Richmond. Apr 9, 1865 Lee surrenders Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Courthouse, ending the civil war. Apr 14, 1865 Lincoln assassinated President Abraham Lincoln was shot at Ford's Theater in Washington D.C. by John Wilkes Booth. He died the next morning. Apr 26, 1865 Booth killed Union cavalry trap Booth in a barn. He was shot and killed by Boston Corbett.