Civil War Timeline - Osborn

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    Civil War Timeline - Osborn

  • Lincoln's Speech at Cooper Institute.

     Lincoln's Speech at Cooper Institute.
    Abraham Lincoln addresses gathering at the Cooper Institute in New York, attacking slavery and insisting that the Federal government has the power of restraining the extension of the institution.
  • Constitutional Union Convention

    Constitutional Union Convention
    The Constitutional Union Party, a short-lived political group, was a haven in the election of 1860 for Whigs and Know-Nothings unwilling to join northern or southern Democrats or the Republicans.
  • Democratic Convention.

    Democratic Convention.
    Democrats reconvene in Baltimore, Maryland. The adherents of Stephen A. Douglas complete the destruction begun at Charleston by refusing to seat the Yancey delegation from Alabama. Deep South delegates again withdraw from the Democratic Convention.
  • Lincoln Was Elected President

    Lincoln Was Elected President
    Abraham Lincoln was elected the 16th president in 1860. He was a Kentucky-born lawyer and former Whig representaive to congress.
  • South Carolina Suceeds

    South Carolina Suceeds
    South Carolina suceeds from the Union. Within two months Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas also suceeded from the Union.
  • The Confederate States of America Formed

    The Confederate States of America Formed
    The Confederate States of America was formed with Jefferson Davis . Was a government set up by six of the seven southern slave states that had declared their secession from the United States.
  • Texas Ratifies Secession

    Texas Ratifies Secession
    Texas voters ratify secession, 34,794 to 11,235.
  • Lincoln 's Inauguration

    Lincoln 's Inauguration
    Lincoln enters Washington D.C. in disguise because of unrest. Southerners begin seizing federal posts.
  • Fort Sumter attacked

    Fort Sumter attacked
    Lincoln decides to supply Ft. Sumter, but wants the South to fire the first shot.
  • Battle of Bull Run

    Battle of Bull Run
    McDowell leads 30,000 men against Johnston's 22,000 Southern troops. South scores victory as Union troops flee back to Washington in disarray.
  • Fort Henry & Fort Donelson

    Fort Henry & Fort Donelson
    General Grant captures two forts on the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers. Confederates forced out of Kentucky and yield much of Tennessee
  • Monitor vs. Merrimac

    Monitor vs. Merrimac
    First battle in history ends in a draw as the Merrimac withdraws after day long exchange of fire. Union blockade of South is maintained
  • The Battle Of Shiloh

    The Battle Of Shiloh
    Grant overcomes Southern forces with heavy losses for each side.
  • New Orleans

    New Orleans
    Farragut seizes New Orleans for Union after boldly attacking Southern position. 11 Southern ships sunk
  • Antietam

    Heavily outnumbered, Lee's troops face McClellan in bloody fighting. Over 23,000 casualties, more than all previous American wars combined.
  • The Emancipation Proclamation

    The Emancipation Proclamation
    The war to preserve the Union now becomes a revolutionary struggle for the abolition of slavery.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    General Hooker defeated by Lee. Jackson is mistakenly shot by his own men and killed.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    Over 165,000 soldiers participate in the largest battle in the Western Hemisphere. After three days of fighting, Lee retreats, leaving 4,000 dead Confederates.
  • Battle of Vicksburg

    Battle of Vicksburg
    After a long siege, Vicksburg surrenders to Grant. All of Mississippi River is now in Union control.
  • Battle of Chattanooga

    Battle of Chattanooga
    Reinforced with troops from the East, Grant is able to push Southern troops back and prepare for assault on Atlanta and the heart of the Confederacy.
  • Dandridge Tennessee

    Dandridge Tennessee
    Union forces under Major General John G. Parke advanced on Dandridge, Tennessee, near the East Tennessee & Virginia Railroad.
  • Fort Pillow Captured

    Fort Pillow Captured
    The rebel General Forrest appeared before Fort Pillow attacking it.. This was followed up by frequent demands for its surrender, which were refused by Major Booth, who commanded the fort
  • Lincoln Assasination

    Lincoln Assasination
    John Wilkes Booth, a famous actor and Confederate sympathizer, fatally shot President Abraham Lincoln at a play at Ford's Theatre.
  • Confederate Troops Approach Washington, D.C.

    Confederate Troops Approach Washington, D.C.
    Confederate General Jubal Early led his forces into Maryland. Early got within five miles of Washington, D.C., but on July 13, he was driven back to Virginia.
  • Abraham Lincoln Re-elected

    Abraham Lincoln Re-elected
    Abraham Lincoln is re-elected president defeating Democrat George B. McClellan.
  • Savannah Occupied by Union troops

    Savannah Occupied by Union troops
    Huge crowds in Savannah greeted news of the state's secession from the Union with wild enthusiasm.
  • Peace conference at Hampton Roads

    Peace conference at Hampton Roads
    Representing the Confederacy were Robert M.T. Hunter, John A. Campbell and Vice President Alexander H. Stephens. President Abraham Lincoln and Secretary of State William H. Seward represented the United States.
  • Battle of Sailor's Creek

    Battle of Sailor's Creek
    It was the last major engagement between the armies of Gen. Robert E. Lee and Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant before the capitulation of Lee's Confederate army at Appomattox Court House three days later.
  • Booth trapped & killed

     Booth trapped & killed
    Booth was followed after shooting Lincoln, captured and was killed.