Civil war 430x452

Civil War Timeline- Alexa Barriero

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    Civil War Timeline- Alexa Barriero

  • Cooper Union Address

    Cooper Union Address
    Presidenet Lincoln gives the Cooper Union Address. This was Lincoln's most influential speech about banning slavery in new territories and many people think it won him the election.
  • The Pony Express

    The Pony Express
    The Pony Express begins going from Saint Louis, Missouri to Sacremento, California. There were 119 stations all 12 miles apart. This made it possible for letters to be delivered quicker then in the past and helped transportation for the war.
  • Formation of the Constitutional Union Party

    Formation of the Constitutional Union Party
    The former members of the American and Whig parties get together in Baltimore and form the Constitutional Union Party. In this party they elect John Bell as President and Edward Everett as Vice President.
  • Abraham Lincoln Elected President

    Abraham Lincoln Elected President
    The first Republican President is elected with a majority of the electoral and popular votes. Lincoln plans to abolish slavery during his presidency.
  • South Carolina Sucedes

    South Carolina Sucedes
    South Carolina is the first southern state to sucede from the Union. This is the beginning of the Confederacy being formed.
  • Confederacy Formed

    Confederacy Formed
    Most of the southern states have suceded and the Confederacy is born. Jefferson Davis is the President of this new nation.
  • Fort Sumter Attacked

    Fort Sumter Attacked
    The opening scene of the war when the Confederates under General Beauregard open fire upon Fort Sumter, South Carolina.
  • Blockade of All Southern Ports

    Blockade of All Southern Ports
    Lincoln issues a blockade against all Southern ports. He does not want them to be supplied during the war by any industry. They want them to win the war with their own inventions.
  • Bull Run

    Bull Run
    The Union army under General McDowell loses the Battle of Bull Run, the first battle of the war to Stonewall Jackson and his Confederate troops.
  • McClellan appointed General in Chief

    McClellan appointed General in Chief
    Lincoln appoints George McClellan as general in chief of all Union forces after resignation of Winfield Scott.
  • Fort Henry

    Fort Henry
    Union General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Henry in Tennessee, 10 days after Fort Donelson. This earns him his nickname "Unconditional Surrender".
  • Union Victory at Shiloh

    Union Victory at Shiloh
    The Confederates surprise attack Grant's unprepared troops by the Tennesee River. Many men on both sides are killed but the Union wins.
  • Capture of New Orleans

    Capture of New Orleans
    Under the Union command of Officer Farragut, 17 ships move up the Mississippi River and take New Orleans. This takes about their major seaport.
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    Second Battle of Bull Run
    Under General Pope the Union is defeated by the Confederates under General Stonewall Jackson and General James Longstreet. This battle takes place in northern Virginia but the Union Army retreats to Washington.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    The Union under McClellan are victorious in this battle in Maryland. Under General Robert Lee, the Confederates withdraw to Virginia from this bloodiest day battle in history.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    President Lincoln frees all slaves in Confederate territory by issuing the final Emancipation Proclamation. This angers the Confederates greatly.
  • Drafting for the War

    Drafting for the War
    Congress puts a draft in effect that takes male citizens aged 20 to 45 for war. They have to fight unless they pay $300 or have a substitute fight for them.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    The turning point of the war occurs when the Confederates are defeated at the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania. This is a 3 day war where the Union looks to end the war for good.
  • Battle of Vicksburg

    Battle of Vicksburg
    The Union wins the Battle of Vicksburg when the Confederates surrender and this gives the Union control of the Mississippi. This splits the Confederacy is two, giving them no western allies.
  • Gettysburg Address by Lincoln

    Gettysburg Address by Lincoln
    President Lincoln gives his famous Gettysburg Address speech. He speaks of the war as the ceremony is about naming the Battlefield as a National Cemetery.
  • Grant Becomes Commander of All Armies

    Grant Becomes Commander of All Armies
    President Lincoln appoints General Grant as commander of all the Union armies. He replaces McClellan who Lincoln was angry with for having 'the slows'.
  • 1864 Presidential Election

    1864 Presidential Election
    Democrat George B. McClellan runs for president against President and Republican Abraham Lincoln. Eventually Lincoln will go on to be re-elected on November 8th.
  • Siege of Atlanta

    Siege of Atlanta
    Sherman's Army captures Atlanta. With this Union victory President Lincoln has a good chance for re-election.
  • Shenandoah Valley

    Shenandoah Valley
    A Union victory led by General Philip H. Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley. They defeated Jubal Early's troops in this decisive battle.
  • Savannah, Georgia

    Savannah, Georgia
    Sherman reaches Savannah, Georgia all the way from Atlanta. Sherman did well but left behind much destruction.He offers Savannah to Lincoln as a Christmas present.
  • Battle of Petersburg

    Battle of Petersburg
    The last attack from Lee's Army occurs in Northern Virginia. It begins with an attack on Grant's forces at Petersburg but that attack only lasts four hours.
  • Surrender at Last

    Surrender at Last
    General Robert E. Lee finally surrenders at the Appomattox Court House in Virginia to General Ulysses S. Grant. Officers are allowed to keep their sidearms and soldiers can keep their horses and mules.
  • Lincoln is Killed

    Lincoln is Killed
    John Wilkes Booth shoots President Lincoln in Ford's Theater. He suffers through the night and dies the next morning due to his head wound.
  • It's All Over

    It's All Over
    After the remaining Confederate forces surrender, the Nation is reunited. The Civil War is finally over and a victory parade is held on Pennsylvania Ave to help boost the Nation's morale for the future.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    The Thirteenth Amendment passed by Congress on January 31, is finally ratified and put in the Constitution to be put in effect. This amendment abolishes slavery.