Civil War Timeline

  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    The Battle of Fort Sumter last for 2 days. It started on April 12, 1861 and ended April 14, 1861. The Union bombarded and then later had to surrender to the Confederates. Lincoln had to evacuate because of little supplies.
  • First Bull Run

    First Bull Run
    On July 21, 1861 the Union and Confederate armies clashed near Manassas Junction, Virginia in the first major land battle of the American Civil War. On the Confederate side, accusations flew between Johnston, Beauregard and President Jefferson Davis over who was to blame for the failure to purue and crush the enemy after the battle. For the Union, Lincoln removed McDowell from command and replaced him with George B. McCllan.
  • Hampton Roads

    Hampton Roads
    The Battle of Hampton Roads was fought over two days, March 8–9, 1862. There were a ton of casualties, about 433. 409 of which were a part of the Union. On March 8th the first Confederate ironclad steamed down the Elizabeth River into Hampton Roads to attack the woodensided U.S. blockading fleet. There they sank Cumberland. In the end Neither sides won this battle.
  • Shiloh

    The Battle of Shiloh, also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing, was fought April 6-7 1862. On April 7, the Union armies numbered 45,000 men. The Confederates had suffered as many as 8,500 the first day. The two-day battle resulted in the defeat of the Confederate army and frustration of Johnston's plans to prevent the joining of the two Union armies in Tennessee. They discovered the war would continue in great cost in casualties and resources until the Union was divided.
  • Antietam

    The Battle of Antietam took place on September 16-18 of 1862. Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan and his Union Army of the Potomac confronted Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia at Sharpsbrug, Maryland. The Batlle of Antietam was known as the single bloodiest day in American military history. This hard-fought battle drove Lee's forcces from Maryland, gave Lincoln the "victory" that he needed before delievering the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Fredericksburg

    The Battle of Fredericksburg lasted from December 11-15 in 1862 and the Confederates came out with a victory. There were around 18,000 casualties and around 14,000 of them were Union troops. Burnside was in command of the Army of Potomac and on December 15 he called off the offensive and recrossed the river, ending the campaign.
  • Chancellorsville

    The Battle of Chancellorsville was fought from April 30 - May 6, 1863. The total casualties was estimated to be around 24,000 total and around 14,000 to be the Unions. This battle was taken place in Virginia with many others. At the end of this battle the Confederates came out with another win and this was considered to be Lee's greatest victories.
  • Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg was took place July 1-3, 1863. On the first day the Battle of Gettysburg began with Confederate troops attacking Union cavalry division on McPherson Ridge. General Robert E. Lee led the Confederates and on the Union side was General George Gordon Meade. On the third day the Lee decided to send three divisions against the Union center on Cemetery Ride.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    The Siege of Viksburg took place from May 18-July 4, 1863. In May and June Grant's armies converged on Vicksburg, investing the city and entrapping a Confederate army. On July 4, Vicksbrug surrendered . With the loss of Permberton's army, the Confederacy was effectively split in half. Grant's success in the West boosted his reputation, leading to his appointment as General-in-Chief of the Union armies.
  • Chickamauga

    The Battle of Chickamauga was fought September 19-20, 1863. At the end of the war Thomas withdrew the remainder of his units to positions around Rossville Gap after darkness. His determinations to maintain the Union position until ordered to withdraw, while his commanders fled. Forces commanded by Grant broke Bragg's grip on the city, sent the Army of Tennessee into retreat, and opened the gateway to the Deep South for 1864 Atlanta Campaign.
  • Wilderness

    The Wilderness took place on May 5-7 of 1864. The opening battle of Grant's sustained offensive against the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia was fought at the Wilderness. May 6, Hancock attacked along the Plank Road, driving HIll's Corps into confusion. Confederate flank attacted in Hamilton's Thicket. Union generals James S. Wadsworth and Alexander Hays were killed. The battle was a tatical draw and led the Federals by the left flank toward the crossraods of Spotsylvania Courthouse.
  • Spotsylvania

    The Battle of Spotsylvania took place from May 8-21, 1864. Spotyslvania was the second stage against Grant's 1864 campaign against Robert E. Lee. Lee's losses were around 12,000 while Grant's losses were around 20,000. Once again Grant failed to beat Lee although he did come close to breaking his lines.
  • Sherman’s March to the Sea

    Sherman’s March to the Sea
    Sherman's March to the Sea begin in Atlanta, Georgia on November 15, 1864 and ended in Savannah, Georgia on December 21, 1864. Union general William T. Sherman abandoned his supply line and marched across Georgia to the Atlantic Ocean to prove to the Confederate population that its government could not protect the people from invaders.
  • Lincoln's Assassination

    Lincoln's Assassination
    The assassinatoin of Lincoln took place on Good Friday, April 14, 1865. The assassination occurred 5 days after General Lee surrendered to General Grant. The assassination was planned and carried out by John Wilkes Booth to rally the Confederates to continue fighting. Lincoln was shot while watching the play Our American Cousin at Ford's Theatre and died the next morning.
  • Siege of Petersburg

    Siege of Petersburg
    The Battle of Petersburg took place on June 9 1864-March 25 of 1865. The Union losses were heavy, but by the end of August Grant had crossed the Petersburg-Weldon Railroad and captured Fort Harrison, Lee held Richamnd and Petersburg. On March 25, 1865 the Confederates were driven back at the Battle of Fort Stedman, leaving Lee with 50,000 troops and Grant with 120,000. After Lee's plan to join with General Joseph E. Johnston was decided, he surrendered to General Grant on April 9.