Civil war cover

Civil War Timeline

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    Civil War Timeline

  • Jefferson Davis and Secession

    Jefferson Davis and Secession
    Jefferson Davis comes out in favor of secession for the first time
  • National Democratic Convention

    National Democratic Convention
    Southern delegates hold a National Democratic convention in Richmond. Party leaders urge a "wait and see" approach.
  • Joseph E. Johnston

    Joseph E. Johnston
    Joseph E. Johnston appointed Quartermaster General
  • Lieutenant Colonel William Hardee

    Lieutenant Colonel William Hardee is replaced by Major John F. Reynolds as commander of cadets at West Point
  • Abraham Lincoln Elected President

    Abraham Lincoln Elected President
    Recieved 180 of the 303 electoral votes and 40% of the popular vote
  • South Carolina's Convention

    South Carolina's Convention
    South Carolina calls for a convention to decide whether to secede from the Union
  • Fort Sumpter is being threatened in Charleston

    Fort Sumpter is being threatened in Charleston
    Major Robert Anderson reports Fort Sumter is being threatened in Charleston as federal forces enter the area.
  • Reinforcements are requested a third time by Maj. Anderson

    Reinforcements are requested a third time by Maj. Anderson
  • Tennessee considering secession

    Tennessee considering secession
    Governor Isham Harris calls for a session of the Tennessee government to consider secession
  • Georgia wants independence

    Georgia wants independence
    Georgia calls for a convention of Southern states to form an independent nation.
  • South Carolina Secedes from Union

    South Carolina Secedes from Union
    South Carolina is the first state to secede from the Union to form the Confederacy
  • South Carolina secedes from Union

    South Carolina secedes from Union
    South Carolina's convention officially approves the idea of secession
  • Representatives withdrawl

    Representatives withdrawl
    All South Carolina government seats withdrawl from US congress
  • Mississippi

    Mississippi
    Mississippi is the 2nd state to secede from the Union and into the Confederacy
  • Florida

    Florida
    Florida is the 3rd state to secede frm the Union
  • Alabama

    Alabama
    the 4th state to secede from the Union forces
  • Georgia

    Georgia
    Georgia secedes from the Union and is the 5th state to do so
  • Louisiana

    Louisiana
    Louisiana is the 6th state to secede from the Union
  • Texas

    Texas
    Texas is the 7th state to secede from the Union joining SOuth Carolina, Tennessee, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana
  • Constitution for Confederate States of America

    Constitution for Confederate States of America
    The Convention of Seceded States adopts a provisional constitution forming the Confederate States of America
  • Confederate States of America

    Confederate States of America
    Confederate States of America is formed with Jefferson Davis, a West Point graduate, as their president
  • Lincoln is Sworn in as President

    Lincoln is Sworn in as President
    Lincoln was sworn in a president of the USA
  • First Shots Fired

    First Shots Fired
    at 4:30am the Confederates under Gen. Pierre Beauegard open fire with 50 cannons at Fort Sumpter in Charleston, South Carolina.
  • Lincoln issues proclomation

    Lincoln issues proclomation
    President Lincoln issues a Proclamation calling for 75,000 militiamen, and summoning a special session of Congress for July 4.
  • Virginia Secedes from Union

    Virginia Secedes from Union
    Virginia secedes from the Union, followed within five weeks by Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina
  • Robert E. Lee resigns his commision in the US Army

    Robert E. Lee resigns his commision in the US Army
    Lee then goes to Richmond, Virginia, is offered command of the military and naval forces of Virginia, and accepts.
  • Lincoln issues a Proclamation of Blockade against Southern ports.

    Lincoln issues a Proclamation of Blockade against Southern ports.
    or the duration of the war the blockade limits the ability of the rural South to stay well supplied in its war against the industrialized North.
  • Battle of Philippi

    Battle of Philippi
    First land engagement of the Civil War between American and Confederate forces
  • Bull Run

    Bull Run
    A small stream of northeast Virginia southwest of Washington, D.C., near Manassas.
  • Supreme Court duties

    Supreme Court duties
    Winfield Scott relieved from duty as Supreme Comander of the United States.
  • Fort Donelson

    Fort Donelson
    The Union attack on Fort Donelson and that is near Fort Henry in which they attack later
  • Ulysses S. Grant and his nickname

    Ulysses S. Grant and his nickname
    After taking the fort Ulysses S. Grant demands unconditional surrender to the Confederate side hence his nickname Unconditional Surrender.
  • Monitor and Merrimick Battle

    Monitor and Merrimick Battle
    At the moment when the Confederates evacuated Manassas a strange naval battle occurred in Hampton Roads.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    Ulysses S. Grant defeats Albert Sidney Johnston in southwest Tennessee. Beauregard assumed command following Johnston's death
  • Robert E. Lee takes charge

    Robert E. Lee takes charge
    Jefferson Davis replaces wounded Army of Northern Virginia commander Joseph E. Johnston with Robert E. Lee
  • Battle of Perryville

    Battle of Perryville
    Braxton Bragg and Don Carlos Buell fight the largest battle on Kentucky soil. The battle is generally regarded as a draw, although Buell claimed victory.
  • Grant gets command of Tennessee

    Grant gets command of Tennessee
    Major General Ulysses S. Grant is given command of the Department of Tennessee.
  • McClennan fired

    McClennan fired
    Lincoln orders McClellan to be releived of command because he did not pursue Lee following the Confederate loss at Antietam
  • Lincoln's Amendments

    Lincoln's Amendments
    On the first day of the new Congress President Abraham Lincoln proposes 3 amendments to the U. S. Constitution. First, all slaves would be gradually emancipated until 1900. Second, slaves freed during the war would remain free. Third, the United States would pay for consensual colonization
  • Emancipation Proclomation

    Emancipation Proclomation
    The Emancipation Proclamation goes into effect by Abraham Lincoln by freeing all slaves in southern states
  • Loncoln Replaces Gen. Ambrose Burnside

    Loncoln Replaces Gen. Ambrose Burnside
    Abraham Lincoln relieves General Ambrose Burnside from command of the Army of the Potomac, replacing him with General Joseph "Fighting Joe" Hooker.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    It was a major battle in the Civil War with General Robert E. Lee being victorious over Union Gerneral Ambrose Burnside
  • Another loss for the Union

    Another loss for the Union
    General "Fighting Joe" Hooker's Army of the Potomac is defeated by Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia as it crosses the Rappahannock on the way to Richmond
  • West Virginia

    West Virginia
    West Virginia becomes the 35th state to enter the United States, but the first to enter where the terms slave and free no longer mattered
  • Gettysburg

    Gettysburg
    This is the first day of a 3 day battle that could be the turning point of the Civil War
  • The Final Day Of Gettysburg

    The Final Day Of Gettysburg
    General Robert E. Lee advances into Pennsylvania where he meets George Meade. First battling north of the city, by the second day Union forces had retreated south, forming a strong line as men arrived almost continuously. On the third day, the infamous Pickett's Charge marked the end of the Confederates hope for a victory. It was the bloodiest three days in American history
  • Lincoln's Letter

    Lincoln's Letter
    In a letter to Nathaniel Banks, Abraham Lincoln states 'I am an anti-slavery man' and goes on to state he would never return a "negro" freed under the Emancipation Proclamation to slavery.
  • Lee resigns

    Lee resigns
    Robert E. Lee offers his resignation to Jefferson Davis. Davis refuses the offer.
  • Lincoln meets Frederick Douglass

    Lincoln meets Frederick Douglass
    President Lincoln meets with former slave and abolitionist Frederick Douglass. Among the topics discussed are the treatment and pay of black soldiers in the U. S. Army
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    At the dedication of the National Cemetery in Gettysburg President Lincoln delivers a two-minute speech. Immediately following the speech he calls it a "flat failure." The speech is known today as the Gettysburg Address
  • Union Prisoners escape

    Union Prisoners escape
    109 Union officers led by Colonel Thomas Rose escape from Libby Prison on the banks of the James River in Richmond. 59 reach Union lines
  • Bermuda Hundred and City Point

    Bermuda Hundred and City Point
    Army of the James under General Benjamin Butler [US] lands at Bermuda Hundred and City Point, east of Petersburg. The Army is comprised of two corps totaling nearly 40,000 men.
  • Lee beats Grant Badly

    Lee beats Grant Badly
    Ulysses S. Grant is badly beaten on the field by Robert E. Lee but rather than retreat, Grant advances to Spotsylvania Court House.
  • Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

    Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
    This battle never really came to a conclusion because Grant And Lee went back and fourth for days battling eachother.
  • Orderes to destroy another general

    Orderes to destroy another general
    Ordered to pursue and destroy General Nathan Bedford Forrest, General John Sturgis leaves Memphis with a force of 8,100 men
  • Republican Niomination

    Republican Niomination
    The Republican National Convention nominates Abraham Lincoln to run for President and Andrew Johnson to run for Vice-President
  • Lee wants to settle indiffernces

    Lee wants to settle indiffernces
    Robert E. Lee sends a message to Ulysess S. Grant asking for a conference to "iron out differences" between the North and the South.
  • Lincoln issues surrneder instructions

    Lincoln issues surrneder instructions
    Abraham Lincoln issues instructions on surrender discussions. He gives Grant wide-ranging powers on military matters, but reserves political matters for himself
  • Negro Soldiers in Confederacy

    Negro Soldiers in Confederacy
    Confederacy allows the induction of "negro soldiers." The measure did not state that blacks who fought for the Confederacy would be free, although that was apparently the understanding
  • Lincoln's Meeting

    Lincoln's Meeting
    Lincoln held a council of war with Ulysses S. Grant, William Tecumseh Sherman, and David Porter on the River Queen at City Point
  • Battle of Five Forks

    Battle of Five Forks
    George Pickett could not withstand the federal envelopment move around Petersburg that began here
  • President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated

    President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated
    United States President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated on Good Friday by John Wilkes Booth in Ford's Theatre, Washington, D. C.
  • Lincoln dies

    Lincoln dies
    Abraham Lincoln dies in a boardinghouse opposite Ford's Theater. Andrew Johnson takes the oath of office
  • Confederat Armies Surrender

    Confederat Armies Surrender
    Sherman and Johnston reach agreement on the surrender of all remaining armies in the Confederacy.
  • Lincoln's Funeral

    Lincoln's Funeral
    The nation mourns U. S. President Abraham Lincoln at his funeral in Washington, D. C.
  • Union Demands Surrender

    Union Demands Surrender
    General William T. Sherman [US] learns of President Johnson's rejection of his surrender terms to Joe Johnston. General Grant, who personally delivered the message, orders Sherman to commence operations against Johnson within 48 hours. Sherman is incensed but obeys orders.
  • Lee surrenders one army

    Lee surrenders one army
    After attempting to break-out of the Union envelopment, Robert E. Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysess S. Grant at the home of Wilmer McLean in Appomattox Court House
  • Ford Theater not to re-open

    Ford Theater not to re-open
    Secretary of War Edwin Stanton orders Union troops to stand guard at Ford's Theater to prevent it from reopening following the assasination of President Lincoln
  • Johnson's idea for reconstruction

    Johnson's idea for reconstruction
    President Andrew Johnson appoints the Joint Committee on Reconstruction to determine which Southern states are entitled to representation in Congress
  • Lincoln's Birthday

    Lincoln's Birthday
    The first formal observation of President Lincoln's birthday is held in Washington, D. C. President Andrew Johnson attends
  • New Freedman's Bureau bill passed by Congress

    New Freedman's Bureau bill passed by Congress
    New Freedman's Bureau bill passed by Congress. President Andrew Johnson vetoes the bill that authorized military trial for those accused of "depriving Negroes of the Civil Rights" on the same day
  • US declares state of peace

    US declares state of peace
    The United States declares that a state of peace exists with Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia
  • Ford's Theater

    Ford's Theater
    Congress appropriates $100,000 to buy Ford's Theater. It will house the Army Medical Museum, the Office of the Surgeon General and War Department records until 1893
  • Grant is head of armies

    Grant is head of armies
    Congress establishes "general of the armies" and Ulysses S. Grant is immediately promoted to 4-star general and put in this position. William Tecumseh Sherman assumes the rank of Lt. General.
  • A new rank is established

    A new rank is established
    Congress creates the rank of Admiral. David Farragut is appointed to that rank
  • Blacks gain the right to vote

    Blacks gain the right to vote
    Blacks in Washington D. C. gain the right to vote in a bill passed over President Andrew Johnson's veto
  • Nebraska

    Nebraska
    Nebraska becomes part of the United States
  • Congress passes the Tenure of Office Act

    Congress passes the Tenure of Office Act
    Congress passes the Tenure of Office Act, denying the right of the President to remove officials who had been appointed with the consent of Congress.
  • Alaska

    Alaska
    William P. Seward signs a treaty with Russia buying Alaska for 2 cents an acre. Democrats called it "Seward's Folly"
  • Back into the Union

    Back into the Union
    Congress passes a bill admitting Arkansas, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, North Carolina, and South Carolina into the Union. Virginia, Mississippi, and Texas, having refused to ratify the fourteenth amendment, were refused admission into the Union