Civil War Timeline

  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    After secession, the Confederates took control of the national forts in their territory. Abraham Lincoln was stuck deciding whether to risk war by resuppling them of giving in. He decided to resupply and even though he informed the Confederacy. Upon arrival, the Confederacy bombarded the fort with cannons until Major Robert Anderson was forced to surrender.
  • 1st Battle of Bull Run

    1st Battle of Bull Run
    The first official battle of the civil war, led by Irving McDowell in the Union and Pierre Beauregard on the Confederate side. It was a Confederate Victory and it led to the reorganization of the Union military.
  • Battle of Hampton Roads

    Battle of Hampton Roads
    The battle of Hampton Roads was a naval battle fought between the Confederates, commanded by Franklin Buchanan and the Union, under the lead of John Marston. The battle was two day, the 8th and 9th of May. The battle was the first meeting of the Ironclad warships and was possibly one of the most important battles, even though it was a draw.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    The battle of Shiloh or Battle of Pittsburg Landing took place in Tennessee starting Aprin 6th, 1862 and ending on the 7th. Albert Johnston led the Confederate army and Ulyssys Grant led tehe Union. It was a union victory with over eleven thousand out of forty thousand total confederate deaths. It wasso far the bloodiest battle of the war.
  • The 2nd Battle of Bull Run

    The 2nd Battle of Bull Run
    The 2nd battl eof bull run took place on Aughst 29-30, 1862, near Manassas Virginia. At the head of the Union was John Pope and leading the confederates was "Stonewall" Jackson. The battle was a Confederate victory. This battle was inportant because it ended the Union threat in Virginia, as the Confederates now controlled it.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    The battle of Antietam was fought in Virginia between the Union, under the command of George McClellan, and the Confederates, led by Robert e Lee. The battle took place between the days of August 29th and 30, 1862, and was concluded a draw, because there was no land exchange between either side. However, Lee lost almost a third of his entire fighting force.
  • Battle of Fredricksburg

    Battle of Fredricksburg
    The battle of Fredricksburg took place in Virginia, with General Burnside at the head of the North and Robert E LEe leading the South. It was a Confederate victory that rseulted in the replacement of Burnside by the futurerly sucessful Joseph Hooker.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Due to the course of the war, on the first day of 1863, in the middle of the war, Abraham constituted the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed all southern slaves. This was allowed because it was seen as a military action against the South. While the proclamation was popular, it had little effect on actually freeing the slaves because the slaves it was to affect were in areas unenforcable by the Union.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    The battle of Chancellorsville was located in Virginia with Robert Lee leading the Confederates and John Hooker at the head of Union. The battle spanned the date of May 2nd 1863 to the 4th of May. It was Confederate victory and was Lee's greatest victory, but was also the battle in which Stonewall Jackson was killed
  • The Siege of Vicksburg

    The Siege of Vicksburg
    The Siege of Vicksburg spanned from May 18 to July 4 of 1863. And took place in Mississippi near the Mississippi River. The Leader of the North was Ullyses Grant and the Confederate general was John Premberton. The Confederate forces finally gave in and Union succeded. This was important because it forfetited the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River. One of the crucial parts of the Anaconda Plan.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    The battle of Gettysburg took place in Pennsylvania between the North, led by George Meade, and the South, led by Robert Lee. It was a union victory and as a result, the south never incaded the North again.
  • Siege of Atlanta

    Siege of Atlanta
    The Siege of Atlanta took place in Atlanta Georgia between July 16th and September 2nd of the year 1864. At the head of the North was William Sherman and Leading the South was General Hood. After almost 2 months, the Union was finally victorious. This was important because it took the capital of Georgia and was part of the "march to sea"
  • Ratification of the 13th Amendment

    Ratification of the 13th Amendment
    On January 31 of 1865, congress ratified the 13th amendment, which ended slavery. This was passed because Since the Emancipation Proclamation only freed southern slaves, lots of border state slaves were still not free. Abraham Lincoln proposed this in 1864 but it was originally not passed by congress. The result of this is that slavery was ended in the United States.
  • Surrender at Appomatox Courthouse

    Surrender at Appomatox Courthouse
    Running from the Union forces led by Ulysses Grant, Robert Lee knew the end was in sight. He messaged Grant and said he wanted to surrender. On April 14th, the two Generals met in The town of Appomattox Court House, Virginia, where Lee surrendered. This is important because it marked of the end of the brutal civil war between our nation, and ended the fight for slavery.
  • Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
    On April 14th, 1865, at Ford's Theatre, a Confederate follower named John Wilkes Booth crept up behind Lincoln and shot him in the head. The bullet could not be removed and on April 5th, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln died. This is important because the president was killed and it showed how strong the feelings were for the Confederacy.