Civil War Timeline

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    Civil War

  • Abraham Lincoln gets elected

    Abraham Lincoln gets elected
    When Abe Lincoln won the election of 1860 earning 40% of the popular vote, This was a significant turning point in the war, symbolizing change, and a new beginning.
  • Battle at fort Sumter

    Battle at fort Sumter
    This was the battle that officially started the Civil War, being a very significant part of history. The Confederates attacked under the command of Pierre Beaureguard and after firing around 3,000 shells, the Union finally surrendered to the Confederates.
  • Lincoln Declares War

    Lincoln Declares War
    Under international law, calling a blockade is a declaration of war, thus declaring the Civil War and making this a very significant part of the war.
  • First battle of civil war (Manassas)

    First battle of civil war (Manassas)
    The casualties were estimated to be about 4,700 people total, wtith more on the north. After the broken Union army made it back to Washington, Lincoln realized that this would be a long and costly war, and that's when he put General George B. McClellan in charge. The first battle of the Civil War being won by the Confederates.
  • Monitor vs. Virginian

    Monitor vs. Virginian
    The battle between the two Ironclads ended in a stalemate, using new technology, and they were both reallly powerful; first battle between two ironclads.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    Confederates launched a small attack on the Union soldiers, gaining them sucess on the first day, but ultimately being defeated the second day. being significant because a new technique was used, letting part of the army regain strength while the other part fought them off. First major battle on union soil.
  • 7 days Campaign

    7 days Campaign
    6 Major battles in which the Army of Northern Virginia (South) Drove the invading Army of The Potomac (North)
  • 2nd battle of bull run

    2nd battle of bull run
    Offensive battle by the confederates, much larger scale in numbers than the first. Confederates had 1200 men, and Union had 18000. Stonewall Jackson captured the Union's flag.
  • Battle of Atietam

    Battle of Atietam
    It was the first major battle in the civil war, with thousands of casualtiesd, making it very significant. It was a big northern victory.
  • Emancipation Proclamation Issued

    Emancipation Proclamation Issued
    Lincoln issued a document stating that Slavery is ok in Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri. Changed how slavery was thought of.
  • Emancipation Proclamation in effect

    Emancipation Proclamation in effect
    The emancipaiton proclamation was an order issued by President Lincoln, freeing the slaves in the south. Making this significant by eventually leading to the 13th amendment.
  • Chancellorsville

    Known as Lee's perfect battle, Divided his forces and defeated the bigger forces. Major win for south.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    The South's luck turns as they lose the battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania. This stopped the South's roll and built the union back up a bit.
  • Vicksburg

    Grant went on defense and used it to his advantage, with the mississippi. Built up the North significantly.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    Speech By Lincoln stating that no matter what happens, the country will stay together. Talked about freedom and unity, was very inspirational and motivational towards sodiers and others.
  • Chattanooga

    Union drove the Confederates away from Chattanooga. Major turning point in the Civil War and Allowed North to Move south.
  • Grant Commands Union army

    Grant Commands Union army
    President Lincoln gave command of the whole union army to Ulysses Grant, in hopes of more victories, with his experience. This was a significant part in the war because Grant led many of the norths victories, and if it weren't for him they could've lost the war.
  • Sherman Captures Atlanta

    Sherman Captures Atlanta
    Union forces, led by Sherman, conquered the Confederates and took control of the rail and supply center of Atlanta. Gaining the Union many vital supplies and making it a significant place in their summer campaign.
  • Lincoln Gets re-elected

    Lincoln Gets re-elected
    Lincoln won the Election of 1864. He wanted to abolish slavery but had slaves working for him. Was a major eye opener and helped the aboliton of slavery move forward.
  • March to the Sea

    March to the Sea
    The North took over the port of Savannah and destroyed the majority of the state before capturing it. Was a major victory for the North, Weakening the South.
  • Savannah Falls

    Savannah Falls
    Sherman Destroys most of Georgia before finally capturing Savannah Georgia. He left a 300 mile long path of destruction 60 miles wide. Weakening the South's forces and supplies.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    The 13th amendment stated that there would be no slaves or involuntary work unless it was used through criminal convition. Made slavery illegal.
  • Occupy Richmond

    Occupy Richmond
    Where the north took over the ocnfederate capitol, wounding the Confederate forces immensly. That is significant because it started to end the war.
  • Lincoln Killed by Booth

    Lincoln Killed by Booth
    As one of the last events in the civil war, president lincoln was assassinated at ford's theater in D.C. making it very significant. John Wilkes Booth was planning on overthrowing the Northern Government by killing lincoln, however, the north still won the war
  • Lee surrenders

    Lee surrenders
    When Lee realized that his back up plan was cornered and wasn't going to work, he had only one choice: to surrender. This was significant because this was, ultimately, the end of the war.