Imgres 2

Civil War Timeline

  • Period: to

    Civil War Timeline

  • Lincoln Elected

    Lincoln Elected
    Lincoln was elected for president with no intent to abruptly end slavery, he thought it was just going to die down. He wanted to create peace between the North and the South. Significance- He was going to fix the conflict between the North and South, and come to an agreement
  • 1st Bull Run

    1st Bull Run
    This was the first great battle of the Civi War. In this battle the North was defeated and they started heading towards the capitol. President Lincoln then asked for volunteers. Significance- This was a major wake up call to the North.
  • Battle at Fort Sumter

    Battle at Fort Sumter
    The Union claimed Fort Sumter, and the South thought that since it was on their land that it was theres. So the Confederates attacked for a half a day, and the Union was forced to surrender. Significance- This was the starting point of the war.
  • Blockade

    Lincoln proclaimed a blockade of the South. Significance- This blocked the South from the North, and this was there stradegy of war.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    A huge bloody battle, the Confederates attacked and dominated the field of Tennessee, and it looked promising. But over night the Union sent in reinforcements and then the Confederates restreated. Significance- It was bloody and both sides lost a lot of their soldiers 13,000 out of 63,000 Union soldiers died, and 11,000 of 40,000 Confederate soldiers were killed.
  • Monitor vs. Virginian

    Monitor vs. Virginian
    This was a war at sea. The South tried to reduve the Norths naval advantage, so the Monitor took on the Virginian to a tie, but not unil the Virginian sunk two Union ships. Significance- It was the first battle between two ironclad ships
  • Seven Days

    Seven Days
    The Union and Confederates fought a series of battles- Mechanicsville, Gaines's Mill, Savage's Station, Frayser's Farm, and Malvern Hill. On July 2, the Confederates headed to Richmond, ending the Peninsular Campaign.
  • Emancipation Issued

    Emancipation Issued
    The commanders of the Union army wanted to free slaves, and Lincoln noticed the change of the Union and started to take action. Significance- This was the start of abolishing slavery.
  • Antietam

    The Confederates once again decided to take the fight to the enemy, so they headed to Antietam creek.This was an extremely bloody battle. They then relized that they were in a bad position to recieve supplies so they retreated to Potomac Virginia. Significance- This was a very bloody battle that lost 23,000 soldiers.
  • 2nd Bull Run

    2nd Bull Run
    The Union was defeated at Bull Run creek while trying to get to Richmond, so the Union restreated to Washington. Significance- This was the last of Robert E. Lees victories.
  • Emancipation takes effect

    Emancipation takes effect
    The Emancipation Proclamation is now in place and now slaves that were against the Union are considered free, and if slaves escape their lines in war they are also considered free. Significance- This lowered the Souths power.
  • Chancellorsville

    General Lee fought against General Hooker, and even though they were outnumbered 2 to 1, Lee won the battle. During this battle General "Stonewall" Jackson was killed. Significance- It showed Lees brilliance, but weakened him because the loss of General Jackson
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    The Confderates wanted to take the war to the enemy, so they headed to Gettysburg, Pennsilvania. The Union had more numbers, and better defense. So the Union won and Lincoln gave his famous Gettysburg Address. Significance- This was the "high water mark" of the war. This is where the Confederates lost all hope of being recognized by foreign governments.
  • Vicksburg

    Many victories were made by General Grant around Vicksburg, Mississippi. And these victories were to be essential to win over the Mississippi. After six weeks the Confederates surrendered and the Union won. Significance- The Union gained the Mississippi.
  • Gettysburg Adress

    Gettysburg Adress
    This was the famous speech Lincoln made to honor the soldiers that were buryed at the battle feild of Gettysburg. Significance- This gave the North the spirit to move on and accomplish what they started.
  • Battle of Chattanooga

    Battle of Chattanooga
    This is where the Union forced the South away from Chattanooga. And was yet another Union Victory. Significance- This gave General Shermann the opertunity to "stage" the General Shermann Atlanta Campaign.
  • Grant takes over

    Grant takes over
    Lincoln made Grant the general in cheif of the North.
  • Lincoln is re-elected

    Lincoln is re-elected
    When Lincoln was re elected he picked Jerferson Davis as vice president and would take on the responsibility of leading the Union throught the Civil War. Significance- They now had a strong leader that wanted to lead the Union to victory.
  • Atlanta

    Then Union captured Atlanta after cutting off supplies for 40 days. The Union burned down most of the city before leaving to start his march toward the sea. Significance- The Atlanta battle wasn't as much of a military objective as the other battles.
  • March to Sea

    March to Sea
    After going through Georgia for a month Sherman stormes Fort McAllister, and captures Savannah seven days later. Significance- This march was meant to distract the enemy and llead the way away from Virginia.
  • Savannah falls

    Savannah falls
    Shermans troops took over Sannah, Georgia. Significance- This helped spread the influence of the Union.
  • The 13th Ammendment

    The 13th Ammendment
    The 13th Ammendment abolished slavery. Now every state in the has to free their slaves. Significance- There would be no more slavery, and it will weaken the South.
  • Occupying Richmond

    Occupying Richmond
    The Union and Confederates move South of Richmond. Dueing the winter the Union attacked many times with little success, finally the Confederates were pushed back, giving u Richmond and Petersburg. Significance- The Union gained Richmond and Petersburg.
  • Lee Surrenders

    Lee Surrenders
    Grant offered Lee a deal, and they settled on the men would fo home on parole and the weapons were handed over. Significance- THE UNION WON THE WAR!!!!
  • Lincoln Killed

    Lincoln Killed
    Lincoln was watching a show, and John Wilkes Booth, who was obsessed with getting revenge on Linvoln after the Confederates defeat, shot Lincon in the back of the head. Significnace- By Lincoln being killed it led to the war ending between the states.