Civil War Timeline

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    Civil War Timeline

  • Lincoln Elected President

    Lincoln Elected President
    On November 6, 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected the 16th president of the United States.
    States suceded from the US and formed the Confederate States of America. Ending up in fighting against the Confederates and the Union.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    The battle of Fort Sumter was the bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter, near Charleston, South Carolina, that started the American Civil War.
    The battle of Fort Sumter was the first battle of the Civil War. Also causing four more states to leave the Union and join the Confederacy.
  • Lincoln orders blockade of the South

    Lincoln orders blockade of the South
    The blockade was designed to prevent the passage of trade goods, supplies, and arms to and from the Confederacy.
    Slowed down south but never destroyed them. (didn't work as planned)
  • 1st Bull Run

    1st Bull Run
    Also known as the First Manassas was the first major land battles fought during the Civil War.

    Both armies realized from this war was going to be a lot longer and bloodier then they expected then they anticipated.
  • Monitor vs. Virginian

    Monitor vs. Virginian
    A Union ironclad and the Confederate ironclad fought in the James River. This battle lasted all day, but neither ship could best the other. At the end of the day both ships withdrew. The Union blockade was not broken.
    It ended in a draw but was a Union victory in some sorts by saving it's fleet. The navy wooden boats have been replaced!
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    The Battle of Shiloh is also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing. The Battle of Shiloh was a major battle in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, fought April 6-7, 1862, in southwestern Tennessee.
    Ended Confederates hopes that they could keep the Union out of the northern Mississippi.
  • Seven Days Battles

    Seven Days Battles
    The Seven Days Battles was a series of six major battles over the seven days from June 25 to July 1, 1862, near Richmond, Virginia during the American Civil War.
    Union lost 16,000 soldiers and Confederate lost 20,000. Also that Lee thought that McClellan would not resume his threat against Richmond.
  • 2nd Battle of the Bull Run

    2nd Battle of the Bull Run
    Also known as 2nd battle of Manassas was the culmination of an offensive campaign waged by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia against Union Maj. Gen. John Pope's Army of Virginia.
    Important victory for South. Also the most decisive battle in the Northern Virginia campaign for the Confederates.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    The battle of Antietam is also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg, particularly in the South, fought on September 17, 1862, near Sharpsburg, Maryland, and Antietam Creek, as part of the Maryland Campaign, was the first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Union soil.
    The Confederate Army retreated back across the Potomac River. President Lincoln saw the significance of this and issued the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Emancipation Proclaimation

    Emancipation Proclaimation
    The Emancipation Proclaimation was written by Abraham Lincoln that officially announced that black men could serve in the Union Army and Navy.
    The Emancipation Proclaimation was written and waiting to be put into effect.
  • Battle of Atlanta

    Battle of Atlanta
    The Battle of Atlanta was a battle of the Atlanta Campaign fought during the American Civil War on July 22, 1864, just southeast of Atlanta, Georgia.
    Major Union victory with the South having a lot casualties. Also the fall of Atlanta was especially noteworthy for its political ramifications.
  • Emancipation Proclamation takes Effect

    Emancipation Proclamation takes Effect
    The Emancipation Proclamation transformed the Civil War from a war against secession into a war for "a new birth of freedom," as Lincoln stated in his Gettysburg Address in 1863.
    This effect enlisted 200,000 African Americans to fight in the Civil War on January, 1 1863
  • Chancellorsville

    The Battle of Chancellorsville was fought from April 30 to May 6, 1863, in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, near the village of Chancellorsville. It was a major battle of the Civil War.
    Major win for Confederates yet lost one of their greatest strategic minds, Stonewall Jackson.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The battle with the largest number of casualties in the American Civil War, it is often described as the war's turning point.
    Robert E. Lee failed to invade the North which possibly could have ended the war. The North's Victory. And that ended Robert E. Lee's plans to invade the north.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    The Siege of Vicksburg went on from May 18, 1863 to July 4, 1863. The battle was the final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War.
    The Union won. The South lost their Pemberton's army and strong hold of the Mississippi which created the army to split in half. Also Grant's successes in the West boosted his reputation, leading ultimately to his appointment as General-in-Chief of the Union armies.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln and is one of the most well-known speeches in United States history.
    Helped people believe in the Union and that they could win with their will power.
  • The Chattanooga Campaign

    The Chattanooga Campaign
    The Chattanooga Campaign was a series of maneuvers and battles in October and November 1863, during the American Civil War.
    The Union won giving them the "Gateway to the Lower South,” which became the supply and logistics base for Sherman’s 1864 Atlanta Campaign.
  • Ulysses S. Grant takes over the Union Army

    Ulysses S. Grant takes over the Union Army
    President Abraham Lincoln made him lieutenant general and commander of all of the Union Armies.
    Finally breaking through Lee's trenches, the Union Army captured Richmond in April 1865. Lee surrendered his depleted forces to Grant at Appomattox as the Confederacy collapsed.
  • Abraham Lincoln is re-elected as president

    Abraham Lincoln is re-elected as president
    In the United States Presidential election of 1864, Abraham Lincoln was re-elected as president.
    Republicans loyal to Lincoln joined with a number of War Democrats to form the National Union Party. The new political party was formed to accommodate the War Democrats. This was also the first election since 1832 in which an incumbent president won re-election.
  • March to sea

    March to sea
    Sherman's March to the Sea is the name commonly given to the Savannah Campaign conducted around Georgia from November 15, 1864 to December 21, 1864 by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army in the American Civil War.
    Sherman presented Lincoln with Savannah, Georgia in what he called a ‘Christmas gift’. He was able to strike in the heart of the Confederacy. His victories along with those of the other Union commanders were the beginning of the end for the Confederacy.
  • Savannah falls to the Union

    Savannah falls to the Union
    The campaign of Shermans March to sea ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on December 21.
    Helped the men get to the heart of the Confederacy to start the ending of the war and gave the Union a great advantage.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution officially outlaws slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.
    It freed slaves after the war was over.
  • Union occupies Richmond

    Union occupies Richmond
    Richmond, Virginia, served as the capital of the Confederate States of America during the vast majority of the American Civil War. It was the target of numerous attempts by the Union Army to seize possession of the capital, finally falling to the Federals in April 1865.
    The North over took the Confederats capital where their weapons and main sources were. This helped end the war.
  • Robert Lee surrenders

    Robert Lee surrenders
    On April 9, 1865, Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse.
    The war was ending around the world with additional troops around the country surrendering as well.
  • Lincoln shot and killed

    Lincoln shot and killed
    April 14, 1865, while watching a performance of "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theater with his wife, President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated from a gunshot wound to the back of the head at point-blank range by John Wilkes Booth.
    The man that was a huge influence on the war was killed. And also know as one of the best presidents. The soth also thought that if Lincoln was killed that slavery could come back, but it never happened.
  • Last naval vessel stops shooting

    Last naval vessel stops shooting
    Even though the war was suppose to end late June, vessels at war have not heard of the end and men and women stilled died because of it.
    Soldiers were still at war when the war had been settled between the two groups.