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Civil War Timeline

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    Civil War

    Important events that happened during the Civil War.
  • Abraham Lincoln Elected

    Abraham Lincoln Elected
    Abraham Lincoln was elected as president. He was a northern Republican that opposed slavery. This angered the south because he wanted to end slavery.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    Fort Sumter the last federal Fort in the South is attacked by the Confederate Navy. This marks the beginning of the war. The Union looses the fort due to surrender.
  • President Lincoln orders a blockade on the south

    President Lincoln orders a blockade on the south
    The blockade on the south will ruin the econmoy of the southern states because of their dependence on cotton trade. With a ruined economy the production of munitions is slowed.
  • 1st Battle at Bull Run

    1st Battle at Bull Run
    The Union are defeated and have to retreat to near by Washington. The Union realizes that it will be a long and deadly war.
  • Monitor vs. Virginian

    Monitor vs. Virginian
    The battle between the two ended in a draw. The Union blockade continued to effect the Confederates.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    The Confederate troops surprize attack Grant's forces, which ends with 13,000 Union killed and 10,000 Conferedate wounded. President Lincoln says later that he can't spare him because he is a fighter.
  • 7 Days Campaign

    7 Days Campaign
    The Seven Days Champagn was a cruesome battle. There was heavy losses on both sides but the Union lost, driving them even further back to Washington.
  • Antietam

    One of the bloodiest days of US history. The Confederate advance was halted and 26,000 men are dead, wounded, or missing. The Union stopped the advance to Washington, with their superior numbers.
  • Emancipation Proclamation issued

    Emancipation Proclamation issued
    This written document states that all slaves in the Union are free. President Lincoln issued this which freed 50,000 slaves. Slaves were now free and enlisted in the army.
  • Second Bull Run

    Second Bull Run
    The Unions 75,000 troops are defeated by the Confederates of only 55,000. They were led by Stonewall Jackson, and James Longstreet. The Union once again retreated to Washington.
  • Emancipation Proclamation takes effect

    Emancipation Proclamation takes effect
    when the Emancipation Proclamation took effect it freed the slaves in the Union. It later freed slaves as the Union gained terrority. The total slave population of the two countries combined was about 4 million.
  • Chancellorsville

    Union army is defeated by Robert E. Lee's much smaller force of 60,000. This was due to Lee's much better tactics. The Union had 130,000. Their Commander, Joe Hooker, said later that he had lost his confidence.
  • Gettysburg

    This very decisive battle was won by the Union who used their artilery to fool the Confederates into thinking that they had no ammo left. The Union then waited for their advance and shot them with grape shot, which is a shot that contains many small cannonballs, that when fired the are torn apart into shrapnel. The shot is like a shotgun, and is very deadly to infantry. The lines led by Pickett, were shredded to peices. Lee later took blame for it. This marked a turn for the worse for the south.
  • Vicksburg

  • Gettysburg Adress

    Gettysburg Adress
    The Gettysburg Adress was a speech to honor the lost soldiers in the battle. It was a dedication to the turning point in the war. Lincoln made it a National cemetery.
  • Chattanooga

    The seige of Chattanooga, led by Confederate Gen.Braxton, was defeated by a surge of Union troops that were not under orders, ran up the hill and into the enemy, where they thought they held a impregnable position.
  • Ulysses S Grant Takes Control of the Union Troops

    Ulysses S Grant Takes Control of the Union Troops
    A victorious general Grant assumes control of the Union troops. He was promoted by President Lincoln.
  • Atlanta

    Union General William Sherman marches his way to the ocean. In his path is Atlanta where he burns it to the ground.
  • Lincoln Re-elected

    Lincoln Re-elected
    In 1864 Abraham Lincoln was re-elected. Fearing incase that his lost, he had an oath that he wouldn't leave office until he beat the Confederacy.
  • March to Sea

    March to Sea
    William Sherman led his troops to the ocean after burning down Atlanta this action severed the Confederacy in two. Sherman was considered a madman.
  • Savannah Falls

    Savannah Falls
    Sherman reaches Savannah, Georgia. He leaves a path of destruction all the way from Atlanta to Savannah. Sherman is an example of the stragity of total war, which means that they try to also attack the civilian effort in the war. He mostly burned anything that was in his way.
  • 13 Amendment

    13 Amendment
    The thirteen Amendment states that slavery is a crime unless for criminal punishment. It works effectly for a while untill they find a way around it. The corrupt police in the south arrests blacks for no reason, and makes them serve their punishment through prison labor forces.
  • Occupy Richmond

    Occupy Richmond
    Union troops gain controll of Richmond, Virgina. They seiged the city cutting of trade and communications.
  • Lee Surenders

    Lee Surenders
    General Robert E. Lee surenders on April 9th 1865. He signs after the battle of Appomattox, which was the last battle of the civil war. Grant and Lee met for the first time. The contract stated the Lee and his men would not be held for trial.
  • Lincoln Shot

    Lincoln Shot
    President Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth. Booth was an actor at the theater, and had been acting suspicioulsy before the assisnation. He wasn't the only one in the conspiracy, it also included his brother and supposedly his mother. Booth was shot after a man hunt, and his innocent mother was hanged along with the others.