Civil War Timeline

  • 1st Battle of Bull Run/Manassas Junction

    1st Battle of Bull Run/Manassas Junction
    Abot 30,00 inexperienced Union troops attacked a smaller, equally inexperienced Confederate force. The fighting took place in northern Virginia, and after the battle, the stone statue of Jackson became known as the "Stonewall" Jackson.
  • George B. McClellan named General of Army of Potomac

    George B. McClellan named General of Army of Potomac
    Lincoln appointed him as general and he was to head and organize the Union army of the East (the army of the Potomac) and to train troops. He was general-in-chief of the Union army from November 1861-March 1862.
  • Battle of Shiloh/Pittsburg Landing

    Battle of Shiloh/Pittsburg Landing
    General Grant and about 40,000 troops headed south along the Tennessee River toward Corinth, Mississippi, an important railroad function. Confederate forces led by Albert Sidney Johnston and P.G.T. Beauregard launched a surprise attack on Union troops and the battle of Shiloh lasted two days.
  • Battle of 2nd Bull Run/Manassas

    Battle of 2nd Bull Run/Manassas
    General Robert E. Lee's Army fought against General John Pope, with a battle of a much larger scale than the first. It lasted 2-3 days. "Stonewall" Jackson captured the Union supply of depot at Manassas Junction, which threatened Pope's line of comunication with Washington D.C.
  • Battle of Antietam/Sharpsburg

    Battle of Antietam/Sharpsburg
    Lee slpit his army into four parts and instructed them to go into different directions, so they could confuse McClellan about the destination and size of his army. About 6,000 soldiers were killed and 17,000 were wounded, it was the deadliest day of fighting during the war.
  • Battle of Fredericksburg

    Battle of Fredericksburg
    It lasted until December 15, 1862. On December 13,1862, the "grand division" Major General was able to pierce the first defensive line of the Confederate General Jackson's, and pushed them to the south, but was repulsed. On December 15, 1862, General Burnside withfrew his army for another Union failed campaign in the Eastern Theatre.
  • Emancipation Proclamation issued

    Emancipation Proclamation issued
    A decree freeing all enslaved people in rebel territory. It did not free anyone, because in the North the slaves were already free, and the South had seceded and did not listen to the North, so no slaves were freed.
  • Battle of Chancellorville/death of "Stonewall" Jackson

    Battle of Chancellorville/death of "Stonewall" Jackson
    Lee's Confederate Army defeted Hooker's Union Army, which was twice the size. In the battle there were 17,300 Casualties for the Union and there were 12,800 Casualties for the Confederacy. This battle lasted until May 4, 1862. Jackson died on May 10, 1863 from pneumonia.
  • Battle of Getysburg

    Battle of Getysburg
    The battle started at about 5:30 a.m. The Union troops were outnumbered so they retreated to Cemetar Ridge. Meade (general) decided not to retreat and Lee decided to order an attack designed to "create a panic and virtually destroy the [Union] army." The battle of Getysburg put an end to having Britain and France help the south, so in October 1863 the British decided not to release their ships.
  • Surrender of Vicksburg

    Surrender of Vicksburg
    It was a total of 47 days. More then 9,000 Confederate troops and 10,000 Union troops died, mostly of disease or starvation. Grant put up a blockade around the ports to prevent supplies and food from entering.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    Soldiers' National Cemetary was dedicated at Getysburg. Edward Everett (former Mass. Governor) gave a two-hour speech (BORING!) After that President Abe Lincon (WOO-HOO!) gave a two-minute speech. Lincoln, in about two hundred seventy-two words, honored the soldies and the cause in which they faught for and died, and his vision for the country.