Civil War History

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    Civil War

  • Division of Country

    South Carolina votes to leave the union. And then gains the division of the South
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    Civil War History

  • Sworn

    Lincoln becomes sworn. He becomes sworn in as the 16th president of the united states.
  • Open Fire

    The Confederates forces opened fire on Fort Sumter. Was a very bloody battle that killed many people.
  • Virginia Secedes

    Virginia secedes from the union followed within five weeks by Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina, Therefore formed an eleven state Confederecy with a population of 9 million
  • Battle of Manassas

    Battle of Manassas
    Nearly 35,000 Confederates met the union troops near Manassas Junction. Led by General Joseph E. Johnston, the Confederates dug in on high ground behind a creek called Bull Run. Southerners called it the Battle of Manassas.
  • The Replacement

    President Lincoln appoints George B. McClellan as Commander of the Department of the Potomac. Which then he replaces McDowell.
  • Advancement

    The Peninsular Campaign begins as McClellan's Army of the Potomac goes from Washington down the Potomac River and the Chesapeake Bay to the peninsular south of the Confederate Capital of Richmond, Virginia. In which he then begins an advance toward Richmond.
  • Surprise

    Thousands of Confederate troops surprised Grant's Soliders, Beginning the Battle of Shiloh. The Conferderates had pushed grant's men back to Tennessee River.
  • Counterattack

    Grant made a counterattack and Grant's forces had subduced the Confederates. Which led to them winning at that period for their meraculous turn around.
  • The Battle of Seven Pines

    The Battle of Seven Pines as General Joseph Johnston's Army attacks McClellan's troops in front of Richmond and nearly defeats them. But Johnston is badly wounded.
  • Seven Days Campaign

    Union casualties- 16,000/ confederate casualties- 20,000 joined together to attack the union. In which lasted 7 days until Juky 1st 1862
  • WithDraws

    The bloodiest day in U.S. military history as Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Armies are stopped at Antietam in Maryland by McClellan and numerically superior Union forces. By nightfall 26,000 men are dead, wounded, or missing. Lee then withdraws to Virginia.
  • Replacement

    The president replaces McClellan with Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside as the new Commander of the Army of the Potomac. Lincoln had grown impatient with McClellan's slowness to follow up on the success at Antietam.
  • Lost of Men

    Army of the Potomac under General Burnside suffers a costly defeat at Fredericksburg in Virginia with a loss of 12,653 men after 14 frontal assaults on well entrenched Rebels on Marye's Heights.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    When Lincoln Stated all his feelings into a short speech. Saying that all slaves in the South should be freed.
  • Emancipation

    President Lincoln issues the final Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves in territories held by Confederates and emphasizes the enlisting of black soldiers in the Union Army. The war to preserve the Union now becomes a revolutionary struggle for the abolition of slavery.
  • Tide

    The tide of war turns against the South as the Confederates are defeated at the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    Lincoln dedicated the battlefield- gave the Gettysburg Address. Which then gave gettysburg its real purpose.
  • 13th Amendment

    The U.S. Congress approves the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, to abolish slavery. The amendment is then submitted to the states for ratification.
  • Appointment

    President Lincoln appoints General Grant to command all of the armies of the United States. General William T. Sherman succeeds Grant as commander in the west.
  • Surrender

    General Robert E. Lee surrenders his Confederate Army to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at the village of Appomattox Court House in Virginia. Grant allows Rebel officers to keep their sidearms and permits soldiers to keep horses and mules.
  • Summer of 1864

    Grant moved some 122,000 troops into the wilderness near Chancellorsville, Virginia. This lasted from May 1st to the 3rd and the notheners hurled themselves at some 66,000 Confederates, but rebels held their ground.
  • Atlanta is Captured

    Atlanta is captured by Sherman's Army. The victory greatly helps President Lincoln's bid for re-election.
  • Novemeber through December

    After destroying Atlanta's warehouses and railroad facilities, Sherman, with 62,000 men begins a March to the Sea. President Lincoln on advice from Grant approved the idea. "I can make Georgia howl!" Sherman boasts.
    December 15th through 16th Hood's Rebel Army of 23,000 is crushed at Nashville by 55,000 Federals including Negro troops under General George H. Thomas. The Confederate Army of Tennessee ceases as an effective fighting force. On December 21 Sherman reaches Savannah in Georgia leavi
  • Virginia Village

    Virginia Village
    Grant and Lee met in a house in tiny Virginia Village of Appomattox Courthouse. Where General Lee signs the papers of surrender, ending the Civil War