Civil War Courtney Bordeaux

  • Free-soil

    Free-soil
    They did not want expansion of slavery into new territories, and did not have to be an abolitionist. They supported the restrictive laws on African Americans, and depended on wage based labor force. Also feared that there was a secret plan to spread slavery all over US.
  • California

    California
    Most of California was below the 36°30' line, meaning it should be a slave state. The president thought it was best to let states decide free or slave status. In 1850 California bacame a free state.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    The compromise was suppose to settle all debates between free and slave states. Can no longer sale slaves in DC, but you can own them. California is now free, and Utah and New Mexico are ruled by the people (popular sovereignty).
  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin

    Uncle Tom’s Cabin
    A novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe that changed Americans opinion towards slavery, and over 1 million copies were sold. The north increased protest, and the south thought it was an attack on their way of life.
  • Douglas introduced bill

    Douglas introduced bill
    The bill would divide Nebraska territory into 2 states [Nebraska and Kansas]. Would repeal Missouri Compromise and implement pop sov., 90% of Southerners approved this bill, bacame a law in 1854
  • Bleeding Kansas Starts

    Bleeding Kansas Starts
    THe north and south race to fill Kansas with “voters” for each side, 1855. Vote to be free or a slave state, "Border ruffians” from Missouri [slave state] would vote illegally.
  • 1856 Election

    1856 Election
    republican: John C Freemont democrat: James Buchanan (minister to GB) both sides liked him (n&s. )Republicans were gaining strength in the North.
  • The Attack on Lawrence (Kansas)

    The Attack on Lawrence (Kansas)
    Antislavery settlers founded the town of Lawrence, Proslavery grand jury wanted the settlers arrested. On May 21, 1856 a proslavery group destroyed Lawrence, including; 2 printing presses, looted houses & stores, set antislavery HQ aflame.
  • The Pottawatomie Massacre

    The Pottawatomie Massacre
    John Brown, infuriated over the attack of Lawrence, went to Pottawatomie Creek. John pulled 5 men out of bed, cut off their hands and stabbed them.
  • Dred Scott v. Sanford

    Dred Scott v. Sanford
    Dred Scoot filed a lawsuit against his owner claming he should be free. Scott lived in illinois for 4 years (free state), argued he is free by default.
  • Lincoln – Douglas Debates

    Lincoln – Douglas Debates
    The debates for US Senate were open and public. Douglas belived in popular sovereignty, and Lincoln belived slavery was immoral and a greedy labor system.
  • Harpers Ferry

    Harpers Ferry
    John Brown believed it was time for a slave uprising. Brown went to Virginia (now WV) intended to take over the federal arsenal and arm slaves with weapons.
  • Presidential Election

    Presidential Election
    Lincoln wins with 180 electoral votes. Lincoln wasn't on the ballets in the South, so they didn't even have a chance to vote for him.
  • Southern Secession

    Southern Secession
    South Carolina got it's states rights. Also, 6 other states seceded from the Union including: Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas.
  • Confederacy

    Confederacy
    The confederate States of America protest and recognized slavery. Each state is popular sovereignty and independent.
  • Fort Sumter, S.C.

    Fort Sumter, S.C.
    On April 12 – 13, 1861 everything surrounding Fort Sumter was taken over. Confederates threatened to attack the Fort if the US didn’t surrender, the confederates attack Fort Sumter until the Union Fort finally surrenders, 4000 rounds were shot.
  • Battle of First Bull Run

    Battle of First Bull Run
    Both the Union and the Confederates had inexperienced soldiers. Confederates were led by General Thomas J. Jackson “Stonewall Jackson”. The Union starts off good, but the Confederates takes the win. Both sides realize it's not going to be a short war.
  • McClellan is fired

    McClellan is fired
    McClellan is fired on November 7, 1862, because he is too cautious.
  • Fort Henry

    Fort Henry
    The Union plans to attack Fort Henry from land and water, also puts soldiers in two places. Fort Henry was not designed to withhold an attack of such force, but designed to stop water traffic.The Conf. used torpedoes, and the Union used ironclads. The water was high making the torpedoes useless, making it easier for the Union. The Union wins!
  • First ironclad battle in history

    First ironclad battle in history
    On March 8 – 9, 1862 was the first ironclad battle in history. the Union had the Monitor, and the Confederates had the Merrimack. Neither side won, but the age of wooden ships was over.
  • Antietam

    Antietam
    In the battle Lee puts in all of his men, and McClellan plays ¾ of his men. It was the bloodiest single – day battle in American history, and their was no clear winner.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Lincoln wanted to wait till they had a secure victory until he would free all slaves in rebellion states. The Emancipation Proclamation would not free all slaves, Union slaves were still slaves. It would allow African Americans to join the Union army, hoping they would rebel against their owners. The south now knows if they lose the war, they lose their way of life.
  • Gettysburg

    Gettysburg
    On July 1-3 1863 a three day battle, the Union and Confederate run into each other. The Union takes high ground but eventually leaves position, Confederates attack but are put down.
  • Confederates will surrender July 3, 1863

    Confederates will surrender July 3, 1863
    Union wants to take over Mississippi river, Vicksburg was the last fort needed to take over in order to fulfill the anaconda plan. Eventually will assault the city, Confederates will surrender July 3, 1863
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    The first orator spoke for 2 hours, Lincoln speaks for two minutes. People now say the “United States is”.
  • Election of 1864

    Election of 1864
    Lincoln faced opposition during the election. Andrew Jackson – Pro-Union Democrat (TN) was Lincoln’s running mate. Lincoln didnt think he would win. Victories from war and absentee ballots give Lincoln the win.
  • Sherman Burns Atlanta – November 15, 1864

    Sherman Burns Atlanta – November 15, 1864
    William Tecumseh Sherman (Union general) – believed in total war, not only attacking military but civilians too. Conf. troops try to cut off Union supply line in Atlanta, but Sherman burns Atlanta.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    The 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution officially abolished and continues to prohibit slavery, plus prohibits involuntary servitude.
  • Lee surrenders

    Lee surrenders
    Jefferson Davis flees Richmond, Lee and Grant agree to meet in the Appomattox Court House. Lee surrenders, but Grant is still generous to Lee’s military. War is over!!
  • Lincoln Dies

    Lincoln Dies
    Lincoln is Shot April 14, 1865 in Ford’s Theatre, Washington D.C. by John Wilkes Booth.
  • Discrimination (KKK)

    Discrimination (KKK)
    They discriminated against anyone who supported Rep party (carpetbaggers), and anyone who was African American. They didn't want African Americans to vote because they would vote Rep., they wanted to maintain white supremacy in southern society and politics.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1866

    Civil Rights Act of 1866
    Provided African Americans with citizenship. Forbids black codes
  • Congressional Election of 1866

    Congressional Election of 1866
    Johnson tours the country to support the Johnson - plan. The Reps. gain 2/3 majority in Congress
  • Election of 1868

    Election of 1868
    Ulysses S. Grant runs for president, and wins. African americans can vote for the very first time.
  • Election of 1876

    Election of 1876
    Grant is too surrounded by scandal and chooses not ro run 3rd term. Tilden wins popular vote
  • Compromise of 1877

    Compromise of 1877
    Hayes can become president only if he does everything he is asked. He becomes president.