Civil War Battles

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    Civil War Battles

  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    Fort Sumter was one of three forts still controlled by the Union. President Licoln needed to resupply the fort. It is not known to this day wether he was going to send troops or suppplies to Fort Sumter. The Conferderates did not believe him, therefore opening fire on the fort at 4:30 a.m on April 12. The firing went on for 34 hours until finally the Union surrendered. This battle was won by the Conferderates on April 13.
  • Battle of Bull Run

    Battle of Bull Run
    The Battle of Bull Run was arranged to try to get a quick, easy win against the Conferates and possibly stop the war right in its tracks. On July 21 the Union attacked the Confederates and were winning the battle until reinforcements showed up. The Confederates won the battle and only lost about half the amount of men, compared to the Union. This battle aslo shook up the Union greatly.
  • Hampton Roads

    Hampton Roads
    This battle was fought on March 8-9. March 9, 1862 was a significant day for the North and South's navy. This day marked the first water battle during the Civil War. During this battle it is hard to provide a true winner, but for the South there was a sense of hope. For there oposition, the North, there was a sense of relief and exultation.
  • Shiloh

    The Battle of Shioh is also know as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing. This battle was the second major engagement in the American Civil War and was fought on April 6-7. Confederate generals launched a suprise attack on Grant's forces who were stationed in southwestern Tennessee. The Confederates couldn't hold their positions and were force back. It was a Union victory but both sides suffered heavy death toles with more then 23,000 total deaths. This battle ended on April 7, 1862.
  • Antietam

    The Battle of Antietam was the first battle fought in the north. It was fought on Septemer 17 and a little into the morning. It was fought at Antietam Creek, near Sharpsburgh, Maryland. The leader of the north in this battle was George McClellan, and the leader of the south in this battle was Robert E. Lee. There were more than 22,000 casualties in this battle. The battle ended with Lee having his troops recross the river on September 18, 1862.
  • Fredericksburg

    This battle was fought on December 11-15, 1862. This battle was fought in and around Fredericksburg, Virginia. Ambrose E. Burnside lead the Union, while Robert E. Lee lead the South. Union troops tried to forge the Rappahannock River near Falmouth, but it was too deep so they had to wait for pontoons to come. The confederates were able to get troops to defend Fredericksburg. Franklin failed to send troops to attack Lee's right, and the Union suffered a crushing loss.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    This battle was fought on April 30,1863 through May 6,1863. The Confederates were lead by Gen. Lee. The Union were lead by Joseph Hooker. This battle was fought in the Wilderness region located in Virginia. Lee's troups were almost out numbered 2 to 1, so the Battle of Chancellorsville is one of his best civil war victories. Although, the Confederates won, Jackson was killed. Jackson and 30,000 mean flanked Hooker's weak side. This was an overall Confederate victory.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    This battle was fought July 1,1863 - July 4,1863. Lee planned to assemble his army at Gettysberg. Lee told Ewell to attack Cemetery Hill. Ewell declined the attack and the Union sent more troops to defend. The next day (July 2) they attacked the Lee, Ewell, and Longstreet attack the Union, and a very bloody battle went on for hours. Both armies had extreme losses of men on July 2. Pickett's Charge was a charge where the Conferates failed an assualt on the North. The Union won this battle
  • Vicksburgh

    This battle was fought from the spring of 1862 through July 4, 1863. Vicksburgh was a Confederate stronghold that layed on the east bank of the Missippi River. After the Confederate lost Fort Henry, Vicksburgh become one of remaining key points to defend the Missippi River. After many attack attempts by the Union, the city was finally surrendered on July 4 by Pemberton.
  • Battle of Chickamauga

    Battle of Chickamauga
    September 19 - September 20; This battle was fought to secure the key railroad center of Chattanooga, Tennessee. On the morning of September 19 the armies met. Both armies fought hard during the war, but the Union won with a desperate stand. Overall, both armies took a great toll with casualities.
  • Wilderness

    May 5 - May 7: Grant planned a major attack to the Conferderates to try to take true control of the war. Day one of the this battle was extremely chaotic. With day two, more intense and chaotic fighting occured. After this all settled, the winner was inconclusive. Grant continued to move forward, which sparked two more weeks of battle.
  • Spotsylvania

    May 8 - May 21: Grant was determined to not give up on pursueing Richmond. The battles that occured at Sportylvania were some of the bloodiest of the Civil War. The Union and Grant were trying to make an advantage for themselves and it costed them over 18,000 men. Throughout this battle, Lee was always forced to put his Confederate army in between the Union and the South's capitol.
  • Sherman's March

    Sherman's March
    September 2- December 21; Sherman's March is a large series of events, starting with the defeat of the Confederate army in Atlanta. The next step was to split the army into two and march half to Savannah and the other half to Nashville. Once Sherman was in Savannah he used a term called total war. The destruction of virtually anything useful for your opponent. This caused the Confederates to surrender in April of 1865.
  • Petersburg

    1864 - 1865: The Petersburg campaign was a series of military opeations to help bring down the South. Through this year the Union attacked both Peterburg and Richmond to bring down both cities. They destroyed railroads and everything useful for the South. By April 9, the damage had been down and Lee fully surrenderd both cities to the North.
  • Lincoln's Assassination

    Lincoln's Assassination
    Lincoln's assassination is one of the biggest days in U.S history. With the South pretty much defeated, John Wilkes Booth, decided to attempt to assinate Lincoln, the vice president, and the secretary of defense. The assassination plan was created after the kidnapping failed. During a plan Booth, shot the president in the back of the dead bringing his triumphiant reign to an end. At 7:22 a.m Lincoln was pronounced dead. Many Americans payed their respects to Lincoln.