Civil War Annotated Timeline

  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    Confederate General Beaurgard demanded surrender to Union troops at Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. On the 12th and until the 14th, Confederates opened fired on to the fort and fought with the Union force, who surrendered and evacuated the fort.
  • Battle of Bull Run (1st)

    Battle of Bull Run (1st)
    In Virginia, Irvin McDowell, Union, clashed with Pierre Beurgard's troops. This was where "Stonewall" Jackson recieved his nickname since he fought on, nad it was a Confederate and led to an army reorganization
  • Battle of Hampton Roads

    Battle of Hampton Roads
    Fought till March 9, John Worden (Union) and Franklin Buchanan (Confederate) clashed in Virginia. The results where inconclusive, but this is where the Union initiated the first engagement of ironclads in history.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    Until April 7, Albert Johnson (Confederate) and Ulysses Grant (Union) fought near the Pittsburg Landing in Tennessee. It was a Union victory with Johnson dead, and Union gained control of the Tennessee River.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    Fought until May 4 in Virginia, Joseph Hooker (Union) led to fight Robert Lee (Confederate). But it was a Confederate victory, and Lee soundly beat an army that had outnumbered him, though he lost Jackson to it.
  • Battle of Bull Run (2nd)

    Battle of Bull Run (2nd)
    George McClellan's Union troops fought until August 30 with Robert Lee's Confederate troops in Virginia. Lee's troops won and regained control of most of Virginia, where the captial was for the Confederates.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    Union general George McClellan fought against Confederate general Robert E. Lee near Sharpsburg, Maryland. It was a military draw, but seen as a political victory for the Union since it led to the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Battle of Fredericksburg

    Battle of Fredericksburg
    Union general, Ambose Burnside, fought against Robert Lee, Confederate general, until December 15 in Virginia. It was a Southern victory that stopped the final Union advance of 1862.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    President Lincoln issuded the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed the slaves in all regions in rebellion against the Union.
  • Seige of Vicksburg

    Seige of Vicksburg
    Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant (Union) led this troops to Vicksburg, Mississippi, where Confederates troops were under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton. Only on July 4th of that year did the city surrender, and it became the turning point of the Civil War since the Union gained control of the Mississippi River.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    In Gettysburg, Pennslyvania, George Meade's troops (Union) defended against Robert Lee's troops (Confederate) until July 3. There was finally a break in victoies with the Union victory with this, and the Confederates never invaded the North again.
  • Siege of Atlanta

    Siege of Atlanta
    Union leader William Sherman led the attack on Atlanta, Georgia against Confederate leader Robert Lee. Union forces surrounded the city until September 2 when the city surrendered and the Union captured the "heart of the South."
  • Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse

    Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
    With four years of war behind, Robert E. Lee, Confederate general, met with Ulysses S. Grant, Union general, at the McLean House in the village of Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia. The Civil War, the bloodiest of all American wars, was finally over.
  • Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
    President Lincoln and his wife went to see a play at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. During it, John Wilkes Booth, a Confederate supporter, shot the president in the back of the head before jumping off the balcony and landing on the stage; despite his broken leg, Booth still got away from the theater.
  • Ratification of the 13th Amendment

    Ratification of the 13th Amendment
    States that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." Slaves were officially free.