Civil war

Civil War Annotated Timeline

  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    In South Carolina at fort sumter was where the first shots of the Civil War were fired. It lasted from April 12, 1861- April 14, 1861. General Beauregard was leading the south and General Anderson was the north, but evacuated after 34 hours of fighting. It was a confederate victory that began the fighting of the Civil War.
  • Battle of Bull Run (1st )

    Battle of Bull Run (1st )
    The first battle of Bull Run was faught in Virginia. The souths commander, Beauregard, led them to their victory. They shocked the north and their commander, McDowell. The battle led to an army organization in the north.
  • Battle of Hampton Roads

    Battle of Hampton Roads
    The Battle of Hampton Roads was faught on March 8, 1862- March 9, 1862. The battle was on Virginia's coast where The Confederates tried to break the Union blockade, which had cut off Virginia's largest cities, Norfolk and Richmond, from international trade. The battle is said to be inconclusive, so neither General Buchanan who was leader of the confederates nor General Goldsborough who was leader of the union won.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    The Battle of Shiloh was faught on April 6, 1862- April 7, 1862 in Tennessee. General Grant and the union won because many southerners retreated, so the south lost many soldiers. General Johnston who was leader of the south was killed the first day of fighting.
  • Battle of Bull Run ( 2nd )

    Battle of Bull Run ( 2nd )
    The second battle of bull run was faught in Virginia . It lasted from August 29, 1862- August 30, 1862. The union lost under general pope leading the confederates to their victory and made Jackson a hero.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    The battle of Antietam was faught in Maryland. The battle was said to be inconclusive, the north did win a strategic advantage. The officer for the north was McClellan and the officer for the south was Lee. After the battle, Lincoln created the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Battle of Fredricksburg

    Battle of Fredricksburg
    The Battle of Fredricksburg was faught in Virginia. The unions general was general Burnside and the for the confederates, it was General Lee. It ended with a confederate victory, because Burnside was unsucessful moving the south to launch an attack against the south's capital, Richmond. It stopped the final union advance.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation as the nation entered the third year of the Civil War. The Emancipation Proclamation helped, but it also had limitations. It did not outlaw slavery in the border states, which was a problem. A few years later, the 13th amendment was issued which banned slavery everywhere.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    The battle of Chancellsville was faught on May 2, 1863- May 4, 1863. It was faught in Virginia where Lee's confederate army defeated Hookers Army of Potomac. Stonewall Jackson died at this battle.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    The Siege of Vicksburg was on May 18, 1863- July 4, 1863. It was faught in Mississippi where General Grant and his army took control of the Mississippi River and won. General Pemberton and his army suffered anothr loss.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg was faught on July 1, 1863- July 3, 1863 in Pennsylvania. Lee and his soldiers started their invasion to later find that the would loose the battle. General Meade led the union to its victory and the south would never invade the north again.
  • Siege of Atlanta

    Siege of Atlanta
    The Siege of Atlanta was from July 16, 1864- September 2, 1864. It was in Georgia where General Sherman and the union defeated General Hood and the south. This helped Lincoln win his re-election. The north captured the "heart of the south" and launched the "march of the sea."
  • Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse

    Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
    On April 9, 1865 after four years of Civil War, about 630,000 deaths and over 1 million casualties, General Lee surrendered to General Grant. The Union won the Civil War, which meant and end to slavery eight months later when the 13th amendment was passed. The meeting lasted a few hours resulting in the end of the Civil War.
  • Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
    On April 14, 1865 Abraham Lincoln was assassinated. He was watching a play at Ford's theatre when John Wilkes Booth snook up behinde him and shot him.
  • Ratification of the 13th Amendment

    Ratification of the 13th Amendment
    The 13 amendment which was ratified eight months after the war, officially outlawed slavery. President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which outlawed slavery in 10 confederate states but did not outlaw it in the border states. He felt it was necessary to have this amendment beacuse the Emancipation Proclamation did not cover all states. The 13 amendment along with the 14 and 15 is one of the three Civil War amendments that expanded the civil rights of americans.