Civil War Annotated Timeline

  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    General Beauregard, the commander of the Confederate army opened fire on the Union Fort Sumter, Charleston South Carolina, after a forced surrender that the Union did not comply to. There was noone killed, and there were only three people wounded. The re-supply of Fort Sumter was president Lincoln's first problem he had to deal with in the war. Buchanan used The Star of The West to bombard them.
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    This was a Confederate victory that forced Lincoln to form a real army for the Union. The Union general was McDowell, the Confederate was Beauregard. The Union feared that the Confederate forces would advance to Washington D.C, and capture the Union capital. Beauregard was then promoted to full general in the Confederate army.
  • Battle of Hampton Roads

    Battle of Hampton Roads
    The Battle of Hapton Roads lasted for one day, ending March 9, 1862. The battle was the most important naval battle of the Civil War, it was also the first meeting of ironclad warships. This Battle was a Union effort to form a blockade that cut off Richmond, Virginia from the Confederacy. The Union commander was Goldsborough, the Confederate was Buchanan. This Battle did not have a victor.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    The Battle of Shiloh ended April 7, 1862. The Battle of Shiloh was won by the Union; whith their victory they claimed the Tennessee River. Thye could not cut of The Confederacy from getting supplies on the other side of the river. In this battle Johnston, the Confederate general, was killed. The Union general was Grant,
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    Second Battle of Bull Run
    Ended August 30 1862, as a Confederate victory, also ended Union threat in Virginia. The Union force was led by Pope; the Confederate force was led by Jackson. Jackson ended up proving himself, considering that this was the first battle he was a general in.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    This was a Union Victory. It was the bloodiest battle ever and led to the the Emancipation Proclamation and the firing of General McLellan. The Union general was McLellan, the Confederate general was Lee.
  • Battle of Fredericksville

    Battle of Fredericksville
    The Battle of Fredericksburg was a Confederate victory. This battle stopped the final advance of the Union army in 1862, which was a benefit for the Confederacy. The Confederate general was Lee, and the Union was Burnside.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The Proclamation stated that all the slaves in the Confederate states were to be freed. The proclamtion only applied to the stated that had seceded from the Union, so therefore they didn't apply to the border states. Although the proclamation did not stop slavery everywhere, it opened many peoples eyes to how wrong slavery was, and that it needed to end. The proclamation freed 3.1 million of the 4 million enslaved peoples.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    Ended May 4, 1863. In this battle Lee showed great leadership because he defeated and army that outnumbered him by many soldiers. While fighting this battle, Lee's prized general, "Stonewall Jackson", was killed. The Union general was Hooker.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    The Siege of Vicksburg lasted roughly two months, ending July 4, 1863. the siege was a voctory for the Union, in which they captured The Mississippi river. The capture of The Mississippi split the Confederacy in half, and blocked the m from nescesarry supplies. The Union's goal in the west was accomplished. the Union commander of the siege was Grant, the Confederate commander was Pemeberton.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    This battle ended July 3, 1863.The Battle of Gettysurg was a Union victory, in which there were over 43,000 casualties. The South was cut off from the Union and could not invade the North again. The Union general was Mede, whereas the Confederate general was Lee.
  • Siege of Atlanta

    Siege of Atlanta
    The Siege of Atlanta lasted about 2 months, ending September 2, 1864. This siege was very eventfull for the Union, they captured "the Heart of the South", which was their capital. They also starteed their march to the see, to take all the areas down towards Florids. The Union commander was Sherman, the Confederate was Hood.
  • Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse

    Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
    General Robert E. Lee surrendered the war to General Ulysses S. Grant after deciding that his army was to tired and outnumbered to continue; he was surrounded by Grant's army and had no choice but to do so.The surrender was finalized at Appomattox Courthouse, and took approxamately two and one-half hours.
  • Assasination of Abraham Lincoln

    Assasination of Abraham Lincoln
    Abraham Lincoln was the first president that was ever assasinated, although there was an attempt to assasinate Andrew Jackson in 1835. Lincoln was shot while watching the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's theater in Washington D.C, with his wife Marry Todd Lincoln. He eventually died the next morning. The assasination happened just five tays after Lee surrendered to the Union at the Appomattox Couthouse. The assasination was plotted by John Wilkes Booth.
  • Ratification of the 13th Ammendment

    Ratification of the 13th Ammendment
    This ammendment oficially abolished slavery, and still prohibits it within the United States. The 13th ammendment was the first of the reconstruction ammendments. They passed this ammenedment because the Emancipation Proclamation was only temporary, and did not abolish slavery in the border states. The thirteenth ammendment is obviously permanent.