Civil War Annotated

  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    April 12-14, Confederate batteries opened fire on the fort, which was unable to reply effectively. Major Anderson surrendered Fort Sumter, evacuating the garrison on the following day. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.It was a Confederate victory
  • Battle of Bull Run (1st)

    Battle of Bull Run (1st)
    Union and Confederate armies clashed near Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the first major land battle of the American Civil War. It began when about 35,000 Union troops marched from the federal capital in Washington, D.C. to strike a Confederate force of 20,000 along a small river known as Bull Run. The rebels rallied and were able to break the Union right flank, sending the Federals into a chaotic retreat towards Washington.
  • Battle of Hampton Roads

    Battle of Hampton Roads
    On March 8, 1862, from her berth at Norfolk, the Confederate ironclad Virginia steamed into Hampton Roads where she sank Cumberland and ran Congress aground. On March 9, the Union ironclad Monitor having fortuitously arrived to do battle, initiated the first engagement of ironclads in history. The two ships fought each other to a standstill, but Virginia retired.Therefore the was no victory
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    Happened on April 6-7 1862. Confederate forces led by General Johnston attacked Union General Grant's army at Pittsburg Landing. The Union forces were not prepared but they still managed to hold their own until the arrival of General Buell's army and other reinforcements at Pittsburg Landing. Further, the Confederates lost their leader when General Johnston was killed by a stray bullet. On the second day, April 7th, Grant launched a counterattack and the Confederates retreated to Corinth
  • Battle of Bull Run (2nd)

    Battle of Bull Run (2nd)
    The Second Battle of Bull Run was fought on August 29th and 30th, 1862 near Bull Run. The Southern commander was General Lee and the Union commander was General Pope. On the second day Lonhstreet's troops forced the union out of the field
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    The battle took place Sharpsburg, Maryland in September 16-18 1862. The Union leader was George B. McClellan and the Confederate leader was Robert E. Lee.The Battle of Antietam forced the Confederate Army to retreat back across the Potomac River. President Lincoln saw the significance of this and issued the famous Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862. The result of the battle was inconclusive but the north did win a strategic advantage. 23,100 casualties
  • Battle of Fredricksburg

    Battle of Fredricksburg
    The battle took place in Spotsylvania County and Fredericksburg. The Date was December 11-15, 1862. Union generals C. Feger Jackson and George Bayard, and Confederate generals Thomas R.R. Cobb and Maxey Gregg were killed. On December 15, Burnside called off the offensive and recrossed the river, ending the campaign. Confederate victory!
  • emancipation proclamation

    emancipation proclamation
    President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free." the Proclamation announced the acceptance of black men into the Union Army and Navy, enabling the liberated to become liberators. By the end of the war, almost 200,000 black soldiers and sailors had fought for the Union.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    May 18- July 4, 1863.In May and June of 1863, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s armies converged on Vicksburg, investing the city and entrapping a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton. On July 4, Vicksburg surrendered after prolonged siege operations. This was the culmination of one of the most brilliant military campaigns of the war. Union Victory
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg took place in Adams Country on July 1-3,1863. It was a Union Victory.The Pickett-Pettigrew assault (more popularly, Pickett’s Charge) momentarily pierced the Union line but was driven back with severe casualties. Stuart’s cavalry attempted to gain the Union rear but was repulsed. On July 4, Lee began withdrawing his army toward Williamsport on the Potomac River. His train of wounded stretched more than fourteen miles.
  • Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
    Shortly after 10 P.M John Wikes Booth Shot President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre. A doctor in the audience rushed over to examine the paralyzed president. Lincoln was then carried across the street to Petersen's Boarding House, where he died early the next morning.
  • Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse

    Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
    after four years of Civil War, approximately 630,000 deaths and over 1 million casualties, General Robert E. Lee surrendered the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia to Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant, at the home of Wilmer and Virginia McLean in the town of Appomattox Court House , Virginia.
  • Siege of Atlanta

    Siege of Atlanta
    It was an Union Victory on May 5 - August 31 , 1864.Johnston began one of the great retreats in history, parrying when he could, stalling everywhere, threatening on good ground, evading every trap, backing up with guns and men intact until, at last, he looked down on Sherman's legions from defenses atop Kennesaw Mountain, northwest of Atlanta. There Sherman was checked (June 27), but he flanked the Confederates and besieged Atlanta by the end of July 1864. Johnston was relieved of command.
  • Ratification of the 13th Amendment

    Ratification of the 13th Amendment
    Formally abolishing slavery in the United States, the 13th Amendment was passed by the Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified by the states on December 6, 1865.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    Lee lead his army into Fredericksburg and marched with the rest of his army to confront the large Federal force. As Hooker’s army moved toward Fredericksburg.Hooker ordered his army to suspend the advance and to concentrate again at Chancellorsville. Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson settled upon a highly aggressive plan that would march Jackson's forces around the Union positions and onto that exposed flank.This battle is considered to be Lee's greatest victory