Civil War and Reconstruction

  • Confederacy is formed

    Confederacy is formed
    Texas, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana secede from the Union forming the Confederacy
  • Lincoln Inagurated

    Lincoln is inaugurated into presidency.
  • Battle of Fort Sumpter

    First battle of the Civil War
  • Blockades

    Lincoln blocks ports from South Carolina to Texas.
  • West Virginia is Named

    Western counties of Virginia didn't want to secceed with the rest of the state.
  • 1st Battle of Bull Run

    Rebels win as the Union Army flees back to Washington.
  • Battle at Wilson's Creek

    Although unprepared and unorganized, the Confederacy still finished on top giving them a good stance.
  • Mill Springs

    First significant win by the Union.
  • Battle of Pea Ridge

    Short in ammunition, the Confederates fell short leaving Missouri in the hands of the Union.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    One of the bloodiest battles ever fought with a total of almost 24,000 casualties in two days, the Union took the win.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Another bloody battle with nearly 23,000 casualties, the Union Army was able to run the Confederates out of Maryland paving a smooth runway for Lincoln's Emancipation Proclomation.
  • Emancipation Proclimation Signed

    Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation declaring all slaves in the rebellious states free.
  • Gettysburg

    Perhaps the most significant battle of the war, there was a total of 51,000 casualties ending in a Union victory.
  • Vicksburg

    The Confederates surrender to the Union Army with about 30,000 casualties.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Lincoln wished to recognize those who perished in the Gettysburg battle during the dedication of the cemetery. This is one of the most talked about speeches.
  • Lincoln Re-elected

    Abraham Lincoln is re-elected into office.
  • General William T. Sherman's March

    From Atlanta, Georgia, Union army troops traveled along Gen. Sherman to Savannah destroying everything in their path.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment is passed which abolished slavery.
  • End of Civil War

    Confederacy is defdeated as Robert E. Lee surrenders to General Grant at Appomottox Court House
  • Lincoln is assassinated

    Lincoln is assassinated
    President Abraham Lincoln is shot in the head at the Petersen House by John Wilkes Booth and is replaced by Vice President Andrew Johnson.
  • Plans for Reconstruction

    President Johnson presents ideas for reconstruction.
  • First Reconstruction act passed

    This, and later three related acts, divided most of the South into five Military districts.
  • Supreme Court & Habeas Corpus

    Congress removes from the Supreme Court the power to review cases under the Habeas Corpus Act of the previous year
  • Southern States Readmitted

    Louisiana, Florida, North Carolina and South Carolina are readmitted to the Union.
  • 14th Amendment

    Granted citizenship to anyone born in the United States and secured their civil rights.
  • Alabama Readmitted

  • John Menard elected into House of Representatives

    John Menard elected into House of Representatives
    First African American to be elected into the House of Representatives.
  • Ulysses S. Grant Becomes President

    Ulysses S. Grant Becomes President
    Former Union General Grant is elected President of the United States.
  • Virginia Readmitted

  • Hiram Rhodes Revels Elected into Senate

    Hiram Rhodes Revels Elected into Senate
    First colored person to be elected into the U.S. senate.
  • Mississippi Readmitted

  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment is added to the U.S.Constitution allowing all men to vote.
  • Texas Readmitted

  • Georgia Readmitted

  • First Black Member Sworn itnto House of Representatives

    Joseph H. Rainey, first black member sworn in as member of U. S. House of Representatives.
  • Grant Re-elected

  • First Black Governer

    First Black Governer
    Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback becomes the first black man to serve as an acting state governor in Louisiana
  • Civil Rights Act

    Also known as the Enforcement Act, recognized that all men are equal before the law but was later ruled unconstitutional.
  • Rutherford B. Hayes

    Rutherford Hayes is elected president.