Civil War and Reconstruction

  • Period: to

    Civil War and Reconstruction

    the dates and events in America between 1861 and 1877.
  • Confederates formed

    Confederates formed
    With Jefferson Davis, an old U.S. army officer, selected as presedient the South becomes the Conederate States of America.
  • 16th President

    16th President
    Abraham Lincoln is sworn in as president of the America.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    Early in the morning the Confederates under General Pierre Beauregard opened fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston, Soth Carolina. The official beginning to the Civil War.
  • Fort Sumter Captured

    Fort Sumter Captured
    Fort Sumter was now ruined by the bombardment of over 3,000 shells and was flying the rebel flag after a two day fight.
  • Proclaimation

    President Lincoln issued of proclaimation that called for militiamen and a session of congress on July 4th.
  • Leaving the Union

    Leaving the Union
    Virginia secedes from the union, also five weeks later Arkansas, Tennesse, and North Carolina followed. The Confederate now had eleven states with about a 9 million population and the Union with 21 states with about a 20 million population.
  • Blockades

    President Lincoln issues of blockade on the Southern ports, to cut off supplies to the rural South.
  • First Bull Run

    First Bull Run
    Union Army loses battle at Bull Run 25 miles Southwest of Washington, "Stonewall" Jackson pushed the Union Army back to washington.
  • General War Order

    Lincoln issued U.S. Naval and Land forces to advance by February 22nd.
  • Shiloh

    The Confederate attacked General Ulysses S. Grant's troops at Shiloh on the Tennesse River,ending with 13,000 Union deaths and 10,000 Conderate deaths.
  • Antietam

    General Robert E. Lee lead the confederate Army to Antietam, Maryland were they were stopped by McClellan and the Union forces, ending up with around 26,000 dead or wounded men by night.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    President Lincoln issued the emancipation proclamation freeing slaves.
  • Fredericksburg

    The Army of the Potomic falls at Fredericksburg in Virginia, with 12,653 Union losses and 5,309 Confederate losses.
  • Final Emancipation Proclamation

    President Lincoln issues the final Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves in territories held by Confederates and emphasizes the enlisting of black soldiers in the Union Army.
  • Chancellorsville

    The Union Army under General Hooker is defeated by Lee's much smaller forces at the Battle of Chancellorsville in Virginia. Confederate General Stonewall Jackson is mortally wounded by his own soldiers eventually dieing on May 10th. 17,000 Union losses and 13,000 Confederate losses.
  • Gettysburg

    The Confederates are defeated at the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania, the turning point of the war.
  • Vicksburg

    te last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River, surrenders to the Army of the West after a six week siege. With the Union now in control of the Mississippi.
  • Chickamauga

    A decisive Confederate victory by Gen. Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee at Chickamauga leaves Gen. William S. Rosecrans' Union Army of the Cumberland trapped in Chattanooga, Tennessee under Confederate.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    President Lincoln delivers a two minute Gettysburg Address at a ceremony dedicating the Battlefield as a National Cemetery.
  • Chattanooga

    During the battle, one of the most dramatic moments of the war occurs. Yelling "Chickamauga! Chickamauga!" Union troops avenge their previous defeat at Chickamauga by storming up the face of Missionary Ridge without orders and sweep the Rebels from what had been though to be an impregnable position.
  • Cold Harbor

    Cold Harbor
    Union suffers a defeat at Cold Harbor in Virginia with a loss of 7,000.
  • Atlanta

    Atlanta is captured by Sherman's Army. "Atlanta is ours, and fairly won," Sherman telegraphs Lincoln. The victory greatly helps President Lincoln's bid for re-election.
  • Re-election

    Abraham Lincoln is re-elected president, defeating Democrat George B. McClellan. Lincoln carries all but three states with 55 percent of the popular vote and 212 of 233 electoral votes.
  • March to the Sea

    After destroying Atlanta's warehouses and railroad facilities, Sherman, with 62,000 men begins a March to the Sea. President Lincoln on advice from Grant approved the idea.
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    The U.S. Congress approves the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, to abolish slavery.
  • Freedmen's Bureau

    Congress passed an act to establish the Freedmen's Bureau, which organized to provide relief and assistance to the former slaves, including health services, educational services, and abandoned land services.
  • End of the Civil War

    The union defeated the confederate finally at ...
  • Surrender

    Gen. Robert E. Lee surrenders his Confederate Army to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at the village of Appomattox Court House in Virginia. Grant allows Rebel officers to keep their sidearms and permits soldiers to keep horses and mules.
  • Abolishment

    The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, is finally ratified. Slavery is abolished.
  • Thriteenth Amendment

    The abolishment of slavery offically in America.
  • Civil Rights Bill

    Congress pass the bill after Johnson vetos it.
  • Tennesse

    The first state to officaly come back into the union.
  • New Orleans Riots

    40 people killed after white mob attacks radical Republicans and blacks at a convention in New Orleans.
  • Ku Klux Klan

    Ku Klux Klan
    The beginning of the first racsist organizations formed in Pulaski, Tennessee.
  • Black Men Vote in DC

    Congress grants black male citizens in the District of Columbia the right to vote.
  • The First Reconstrution Act

    This act created five military districts in the south, during the new elections elections blacks got the right to vote, and to help rebuild the south.
  • Second Reconstruction Act

    Military commanders in each southern district are to register all qualified adult males to vote.
  • Alaska

    The U.S. buys Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million.
  • Third Reconstruction Act

    Registrars are directed to go beyond the loyalty oath by determining the eligibility of each person who wants to take it.
  • Houses Impeaches Johnson

    Houses Impeaches Johnson
    The House of Representatives votes to impeach the president. Eleven articles of impeachment are drawn up for the trial, with the Senate presiding.
  • Johnson Avoids Removal

    Johnson Avoids Removal
    President Andrew Johnson avoids removal from office by one vote in the Senate
  • Arksansas

    Arksansas Returns to Union.
  • Readmittion to the Union

    Readmittion to the Union
    Louisiana, Florida, North Carolina and South Carolina are readmitted to the Union.
  • Alabama

    Alabama is readmitted to the Union.
  • Fourteenth Amendment

    It revokes the three-fifths compromise in the Constitution and creates a new federal category of citizenship. It is quite possibly the most important constitutional amendment ever ratified.
  • 1868 Election

    1868 Election
    Election of Ulysses S. Grant, Republican, to the presidency.
  • Texas v. White

    Texas v. White decision, the U.S. Supreme Court declares Radical Reconstruction constitutional, stating that secession from the Union is illegal.
  • Virginia

    Virginia is readmitted to the Union.
  • Mississippi

    Mississippi is readmitted to the Union.
  • Fifteenth Amendment

    The Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution is ratified: universal male suffrage is now the law of the land.
  • Texas

    Texas is readmitted to the Union
  • Georgia

    Georgia is the last former Confederate state to be readmitted to the Union.
  • Ku Klux Klan Act

    Ku Klux Klan Act
    This is the first time that specific crimes committed by individuals are deemed punishable by federal law.
  • Election of 1872

    Election of 1872
    Reelection of Ulysses S. Grant with a landslide victory. Grant invites black people to the inaugural ball for the first time in American history.
  • Panic of 1870

    Of the country's 364 railroads, 89 will go bankrupt. Some 18,000 businesses will fail in the next two years.
  • Johnson Serves in Senate

    Johnson Serves in Senate
    Andrew Johnson becomes the first and only former president to serve in the Senate
  • South Carolina Riots

    A summer of race riots and terrorism directed at blacks commences in South Carolina. President Grant sends federal troops to restore order.
  • Election of 1876

    Election of 1876
    In the presidential election, the outcome in the Electoral College appears too close to be conclusive in the campaign of Samuel Tilden (versus Rutherford B. Hayes .
    Rutherford B. Hayes becomes president later on.
  • MLA Works Cited

    Reconstruction Era: 1865 - 1877. Library System. Howard University, may 1 2013.
    A Nation Divided. The History Place. 1996. may 1 2013.
    Reconstruction. Shmoop. 2013. may 1 2013.