Civil war

Civil War

  • Attack on Fort Sumter

    Attack on Fort Sumter
    Beauregard demanded Union forces at Fort Sumter to surrender. They refused, so on April 12 Confederate forces opened fire on the fort. On the 13th, Anderson surrendered the fort to the rebels. This marked the beginning of the Civil War.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    Began as a skirmish, but later involved 160,000 soldiers. Gettysburg was one of Lee's attempts to invade the North. Lasted 3 days. Known mainly as the largest turning point in the war. 569 tons of ammunition was used. Only one civilian killed in a freak accident. Union victory.
  • First Battle Of Bull Run

    First Battle Of Bull Run
    President lincoln wanted to bring a quick ending to rebellion of southern states. It was the first major land battle of the american civil war. There were 35,000 men in this battle.
  • Trent Affair

    Trent Affair
    This brought Great Britian and United States closest to war during !st year if the Civil War.
  • Battle of Pea Ridge

    Battle of Pea Ridge
    This battle was the land battle of anerican civil war.
  • U.S.S Monitor vs. C.S.S Virginia

    U.S.S Monitor vs. C.S.S Virginia
    On March 9, the two ironclad ships opened fire on one another. This initiated the first engagement of ironclads ever in history. The two ships fought each other to a standstill. Neither of the two did significant damage to each other, but Virginia retired.
  • The Battle of Shiloh

    The Battle of Shiloh
    Union victory. General Johnson killed by his own men. General Beauregard took command. Led to a confederate retreat.
  • Union Captures New Orleans

    Union Captures New Orleans
    This capture was one of the largest confederate city. It was a major turning point. It was founded by the french.
  • Seven Day Battle

    Seven Day Battle
    A series of civil war battles which confederate army successes forced the union army to retreat from richmond, virgina, the confederate capital.
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    Second Battle of Bull Run
    A two day battle. The Union left flank was crushed and the army driven back to Bull Run. The Union retreated. The next day, Lee ordered his army in pursuit. This was the decisive battle of the Northern Virginia Campaign.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    a union victory in the civil war that marked the bloddest single day battle in U.S military history.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    The union armys 6-week blockade of vicksburg that led the city to surrender during the civil war.
  • WV becomes a state

    WV becomes a state
    Following the Wheeling Conventions, West Virginia broke away from Virginia. Proved to be a key border state for the Union. One of 2 states formed during the Civil War, the other being Nevada.
  • The Battle of Chickamauga

    The Battle of Chickamauga
    Union led by William Rosecrans, versus Confederate Bragg and Longstreet. Rosecrans soon replaced. The Union retired to Chattanooga while the Rebels occupied the surrounding heights.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    A speech given by Abraham Lincoln in which he praised the bravery of union soldiers and renewed his commitment to winning the civil war.
  • Battle of Chattanooga

    Battle of Chattanooga
    President Abraham Lincoln created the Military Division of the Mississippi and placed Major General Ulysses S. Grant in command of all Union armies in the West
  • Battle Of Spotsylvania

    Battle Of Spotsylvania
    Two week battle lasted along Spotsylvania front. May have been the first extremely sustained combat action of the Civil War. Confederate generals Johnson and Steuart were captured, Daniel and Perrin killed. On May 21, Grant disengaged and continued his advance on Richmond.
  • Battle of Cold Harbor

    Battle of Cold Harbor
    Originally known as Cool Arbor, and the old battleground of McClellan and Robert E. Lee.
  • Sherman's March to the Sea

    Sherman's March to the Sea
    General Sherman thought he could bring the war to an end by burning the Confedercy. The goal proposed by Grant was to send Sherman to Atlanta to take over. This was because of the multiple main railways. Sherman burned Atlanta and other towns throughout the south.
  • Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse

    Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
    Following one of the last battles of the Civil War (Appomattox Courthouse), General Lee surrenders to Grant. It is said Grant arrived in a muddy getup, a government issued flannel shirt with torn trousers tucked into boots. Only shoulder straps showed his position. Grant was very generous on the terms of surrender, he let the soldiers take home their horses and mules for the coming spring planting season. He also issued food rations to the Confederate army as well. This ended the Civil War.