had no plans to end slavery in states that it already existed and did not accept succession. He hoped to resolve the national crisis without warfare.
Planned to send supplies he told the state in advance to avoid problems. The commander of the fort Robert Anderson, was asked to surrender immediately. He said he would, but only after he had ran out weapons. His offer was rejected and they started to fire.
Lincoln orders blockade of the south: April 19 1961, The federal navy had to be improved and they used ships.
1st Bulll Run
This was the first great battle of the Civil War. The battle was fought at Manassas Junction near Bull Run Creek, only 30 miles south of Washington, D. C.
he Ironclad ship Virginia(confederates) sunk 2 wooden Union ships then the Union also made a iron ship (the Monitor)- changed ship warfare for forever
Grant captured many forts in Tennessee. The South lost.
They fought a series of battles: Mechanicsville (June 26-27), Gaines's Mill (June 27), Savage's Station (June 29), Frayser's Farm (June 30), and Malvern Hill (July 1). The Confederates withdrew to Richmond.
Union generals declared slaves escaping to their lines (contraband war) that they weren’t returned to their masters. Congress passed an act that all slaves from the Union be considered free.
2nd Bull Run
attacked the Union and it turned into a disaster.
Robert E. Lee told the Confederates to fight. He crossed the Potomac River into Maryland. Union troops battled in Sharpsburg. Lee withdrew troops.
Emancipation takes effect
President Lincoln signed the final Emancipation Proclamation, which ended slavering in rebelling states.
Union General Hooker crossed the Rappahannock River to attack General Lee's forces. The Union army almost completely defeated them.
The battle with the largest number of casualties
Grant surrounded the fort. On July 4th they surrendered. The North gained control of the Mississippi river.
The high marker of the Confederacy. It was also significant because it ended the hope of the Confederate hopes to be recognition by foreign governments.
Union forces pushed Confederate troops away. significance they had the confederate have to leave
Grant takes over
lincoln tells general Grant to command all armies of the United States. William T. Sherman accepts Grant as commander.
Captured Atlanta which was a major confederate railroad junction. So they took over the railroad
He ran against George B. McClellan. Elections were held in the Union states and he won by more than 400,000 votes.
Sherman telegraphs Lincoln offering him Savannah as a Christmas present.
officially outlawed slavery except as a punishment for a crime.
Union troops to take over Richmond and Petersburg.
He surrenders after Fort Sumter.
Shot in head by John Wilkes Booth, a member of a group to kill Lincoln