the civil war united states of america 758088 640 462

Civil War

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    Civil War

  • Henry Repeating Rifle

    Henry Repeating Rifle
    THe Henry repeating rifle was made. This let one man have the power of a dozen men with muskets. The union use this gun in the war, giving them a big advantage.
  • Jefferson Davis speaks

    Jefferson Davis speaks
    Jefferson Davis speaks that the south should keep its economic ways and slavery shoudld be allowed.
  • Cooper Union Adress

    Cooper Union Adress
    Lincoln made this adress saying that no new territories are allowed to have slavery. It was a very powerful speech and many thought it was what made him win the election.
  • The Pony Express

    The Pony Express
    This mailing saystem was by having119 stations that were each 12 miles apart. They made it possible for more letters to be delivered in a more timely manner.
  • Constitutional Pary forms

    Constitutional Pary forms
    The American Party and the Whig Party meet in Baltimore making a constitutional party. The put John Bell as their candidate in the upcomming election.
  • Grace Bedell letter

    Grace Bedell letter
    Grace Bedell writes a lettter to lincoln saying that he should grow a beard because of his lenkyness.SHe said it would look better, THe next day, he starts growing out his beard.
  • Abraham Lincoln is elected the 16th president

    Abraham Lincoln is elected the 16th president
    Republican Abraham Lincoln wins the four way election of 1860 between Lincoln,Breckinridge, Bell and Douglas. He recieved 180 electoral votes and 1,865,593 popular votes.
  • Urging Meeting

    Urging Meeting
    This meeting consisted of 7 senators and 23 representatives that wanted sucession and a southern confederate state
  • South Carolina Seceeds

    South Carolina Seceeds
    After Lincoln was elected president, the sothern states feared that he would loose their way of life. Therefore, the south wanted to seceeed. Starting with South Carolina
  • Garrison Transfers

    Garrison transferred from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter.
  • Southern Senators removed!

    Southern Senators removed!
    Withdrawal of five Southern members of the U.S.Senate: Yule, Mallory, Clay, Fitzpatrick and Davis
  • Welcome Kansas!

    Welcome Kansas!
    Kansas is admitted into the Union as a free state!
  • Confederate States of America is Formed

    Confederate States of America is Formed
    The Sothern States of America seceed from the Union and create their own country electing Jefferson Davis as their president.
  • Lincoln Inauguration

    Lincoln Inauguration
    Lincoln was inagurated into presidency. After saying his oath, Lincoln stated that he had no plans of ending slavery in states that existed however would not accept it in new states.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    The confederates demanded that the Union surrendered Fort Sumter. When the Union refused, the COnfederates attacked it. No bullets were shot at this attack.
  • Abe Lincoln requests for men

    Abe Lincoln requests for men
    President Lincoln issues a Proclamation calling for 75,000 militiamen
  • Bye Virginia!

    Bye Virginia!
    Virginia along with Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina seceed from the Union, forming the 11 states in the Confederate States of America
  • Lincoln issues another Proclamation

    Lincoln issues another Proclamation
    Lincoln issues a blockade on all Southern ports
  • Battle of Bull Run

    Battle of Bull Run
    This was the first battle of the Civil War. It was just twenty five miles away from the capital. The confederates won this battle and Stonewall Jackson recieved his nickname here for "standing as firm as a stone wall"
  • captured again!

    captured again!
    Fort Clark in North Carolina was captured by the Union!
  • Lincoln Takes Action

    Lincoln Takes Action
    Abraham Lincoln declared the Union to take a more agressive way on the Confederates
  • Fort Henry captured!

    Fort Henry captured!
    Ulysses Grant led his union army down to Tenesse and captured the confederate Fort Henry!
  • Fort Donelson captured as well!

    Fort Donelson captured as well!
    After capturing Fort Henry, Grant moved his troops 12 miles over to Fort Donelson and had a few attacks thoughout two days. Finally the confederate fort was taken over by the Union.
  • General McClellan is fired

    General McClellan is fired
    Abreham Lincoln fires General McClellan for his hesitation and inactivity in the war. He is removed from supreme command and is placed in command of the Army of Potomac.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    In Tennesse, the Union was waiting for the Confederaes as this turned into be a key battle in the fight for the Misissippi River Valley.Both sides lost many soldiers during the two day battle.
  • New Orealans takeover

    New Orealans takeover
    David Farragut who was in charge of the Union navy fleet, led an attack in the Mississippt River. By winning, Farragut captured the New Oreleans port!
  • The Seven Days Battle

    The Seven Days Battle
    Union and Confederate forces fought a series of battles: Mechanicsville, Gaines's Mill, Savage's Station, Frayser's Farm, and Malvern Hill. On July 2, the Confederates withdrew to Richmond, ending the Peninsular Campaign.
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    Second Battle of Bull Run
    This battle was a significant win to the Confederate troops as they faught Union General Pope. It was the decisive Batlle in VIrginia for the COnfederates.
  • Harpers Ferry falls

    Harpers Ferry falls
    As General McClellan was fighting Lee at SOuth Mountain, he did not have time to move and help the attack on Harpers Ferry. Therefore, Harpers Ferry feel into Confederate command,
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    As Lee's troops were crossing into Maryland after their success in the second battle of Bull Run, they ran into General McClellans army. This was the single bloodiest day of the CIvil War and if the Union chased Lee into Virginia they could have won the war then. Instead, McClellan found Confederate plans revealing that the COnfederate army was split up!
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    As Lincoln would consider it a "military policy", the emancipation proclamation freed all slaves behind the Confederate lines. Also, blacks in the North could enlist in the war
  • Conscription

    Conscription
    There was not enough people recruiting for war, so the conscription act was passed that all men 20-45 were accountable to wartime.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    General Lee took a casualty costly victory over the Union. Lee split his army and suprisingly attacked the Union in three different places.
  • Welcome, West Virginia!

    Welcome, West Virginia!
    West Virginia did not want to seceed with the other 11 states in the Confederate States of America. Therefore, they create their own terratory and became their own state of America
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    The batttle of Gettysburg lasted a long three days. It was the bloodiest battle in the war, suffering more than 50,000 soldiers on each side! This battle is considered the turning point in the war. After loosing many previous battles, the Union finally defeated Lee's army. After loosing, Lee tried to resign from the war however his request was denied.
  • Battle of Vicksburg

    Battle of Vicksburg
    The day after Gettysburg, Grant captured Vicksburg. This meant that the Union controlled the Mississippi River and the confederacy was split in two. This was a tragic defeat for the Confederates.
  • Battle of Chickamauga

    Battle of Chickamauga
    This battle took place on the Tenessee -Georgia border. The Union was defeated, retreated to Chatanooga and the Confederates stayed on top.
  • Gettysburg Adress

    Gettysburg Adress
    President Lincoln wrote and spoke a 2 minute speech remembering and adressing the Battle of Gettysburg. It was the bloodiest battle of the war and the battleground is now a cemetary for both the Union and Confederate soldiers in rememberance of them.
  • Battle of Chattanooga

    Battle of Chattanooga
    When the confederates came to Chattanooga, where the Union retreated to, the Union pushed them away. General Sherman proposed his Atlanta Campaign here.
  • Battle of Knoxville

    Battle of Knoxville
    This was a strategic battle for GEneral Bragg and Longstreet to get General Burnside out of Tenesse. General Burnside forcefully moved to Knoxville and defended his army from the COnfederate attacks
  • Grant appointed as War leader

    Grant appointed as War leader
    Lincon appointed General Grant as head as all the Northern armies. General Sherman suceeds Grant as commander in the West.
  • Shermans March to Sea

    Shermans March to Sea
    Beginning in Atlanta, Georgia General Sherman destroyed everything in his path and started toward the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Fort Pillow

    Fort Pillow
    Confederate massacre site of over 200 captured African Americans after they enlisted in the Union Army
  • Making a plan

    Making a plan
    The beginning of a massive, coordinated campaign involving all the Union Armies. In Virginia, Grant with an Army of begins advancing toward Richmond to engage Lee's Army of Northern Virginia beginning a war of attrition that will include major battles at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, and Cold Harbor
  • Cold Harbor

    Cold Harbor
    In Virginia, a 20 minute battle took place however killed 7000 Unioners
  • McClellan for president

    McClellan for president
    The republicans choose to have General McClellan run against President Lincoln in the 1864 election!
  • Shenandoah Valley

    Shenandoah Valley
    This was a tough battle by Calvery Sheridan, however giving the Union another decisful win.
  • Lincoln re-elected!

    Lincoln re-elected!
    Abraham Lincoln is re-elected president having 55% of the popular votes.
  • Nashville

    Nashville
    A rebel army is crushed in Nashville by a federal army with more than double the amount of troops. The rebels surrender
  • Merry Early Christmas Licoln

    Merry Early Christmas Licoln
    General Sherman sends a telepot to Lincoln saying he finally captured Savannah after 300 mile destruction.
  • Hampton Roads in Virginia

    Hampton Roads in Virginia
    President Lincoln meets with Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens at Hampton Roads in Virginia to work out a peace treaty. However, the meeting ends in failure - the war will continue.
  • Last TIme!

    Last TIme!
    This is the last offensive fight for Lee as he attacks the Union army. It only took 4 hours for the attack to crumble.
  • Seige of Richmond

    Seige of Richmond
    Fighting 50 miles outside of the capitol, Grant sent Jefferson Davis a message demanding him to leave the Capitol. Grant was beating Lees army at Pettersburg and the confederates lost their capitol
  • Petersburg

    Petersburg
    Grant's forces begin a general advance and break through Lee's lines at Petersburg. Lee withdraws to Richmond
  • South Surrenders

    South Surrenders
    General Lee and General Grant meet at Appomattox, Virginia. They planned for the SOuth surrender, and Lincoln let them go generously. After 4 years, the Civil War ended
  • Celebrate!

    Celebrate!
    Celebrations and parties broke out all over the Union Stetes!
  • Abraham Lincoln Dies

    Abraham Lincoln Dies
    Abraham Lincoln went to Fords theatre to see "My American Cousin." WHile he was there, John Wilkes Booth shot him in the back of the head. The following morning Lincoln died. The president was assassinated.
  • New president!

    New president!
    After Lincoln dies, vice president Andrew Johnson becomes President!
  • Manhunt over!

    Manhunt over!
    After the 11 day chase for John Wilkes Booth, the man who shot Abe Lincoln is shot and dies.
  • 13th amendment

    13th amendment
    The thirteenth amendment abolished slavery in all of the states.
  • Goodbye Liberator

    Goodbye Liberator
    The last issue of the Liberator is published due to the fact that the slaves are free and it is unnessacary.
  • Jesse James and the Bank

    Jesse James and the Bank
    Jesse James and his gang rob a bank. It was a small robbery in Liberty, Missouri
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act
    This act declared that states can not have black codes
  • ASPCA

    ASPCA
    Henry Bergh created the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
  • The Nickel

    The Nickel
    Congress approves the minting of the 5 cent coin, the nickel.
  • The Fouteenth Amendment

    The Fouteenth Amendment
    this gave civil rights to all freed African Americans
  • Tennessee

    Tennessee
    Tennessee is the first state re-admitted into the Union!
  • General of Army

    General of Army
    The General Of Army is positioned a rank in the Army. Grant is the first one to hold this position.
  • The Atlantic Cable

    The Atlantic Cable
    This was a transatlantic telegraph comminication that allowed speaking through the telegraph
  • FIrst Train Robbery

    FIrst Train Robbery
    THis was the first train robbery and the Reno brothers stole and got away with $13,000
  • African Americans are given the right to vote.

    African Americans are given the right to vote.
    African Americans were given the right to vote however the 15th amendment was not ratified yet
  • Reconstruction

    Reconstruction
    The first reconstruction act sets up five military districts in the South, each under the control of a military commander.
  • Tenure of Office

    Tenure of Office
    The act says that a president cannot remove an appointed official without the consent of Congress.
  • The first typewriter

    The first typewriter
    Christoher Scholes creates the first type writter with keys in alphabetical order!
  • Ride-ins

    Ride-ins
    Aferican Amerricans board on to trains and propose a ride in to protest against segregation
  • Third Reconstruction Act

    Third Reconstruction Act
    President Johnson vetos this bill however it is overridden. The proposes election pprecedures in the SOuth and puts congress in charge of reconstuction.
  • Suspended Stanton

    Suspended Stanton
    Secretary of War, Stanton is removed from his position. Ulysses S Grant fills it.
  • Welcome Alaska

    Welcome Alaska
    Alaska is officially admitted in to America, purchased for $7.2million from Russia.
  • Impeached

    Impeached
    Congress looks to impeack president Johnoson for his lack of effort and uncooperative with Reconsrustion
  • Grange

    Grange
    Missesota former farmer founds the Order of Patrons of Husbandry known today as Grange