No 10

civil war

  • Period: to

    civil war

  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    On April 12th at 4:30 AM he opened fire, bombarding the fort with heavy fire. General Anderson, with his ammunition on fire and supplies depleted, surrendered the following day and left the fort on April 14th. Although no casualties were caused by the enemy, one Union soldier was killed during the surrendering ceremony when a cannon backfired. The fort was neither a strategic location nor a deciding battle, but it did start what was to be the United States worst warit was a confederates victory.
  • Bull Run

    Bull Run
    Thanks to Jackson the Confederates were able to hold out until General Johnston showed up with 9000 reinforcements to help out Beauregard near Henry House Hill. The arrival changed the course of the battle and soon the Union soldiers were fleeing back to Washington. However, because of the disorganization of Beauregard's army, they could not pursue McDowell any further. it was a confederats victory.
  • Port Royal Sound

    Port Royal Sound
    They could cut off the Confederates from the outside world, limiting their supplies greatly. One of the first strategic hits along the Confederate coastline was the island of Port Royal. The target was chosen for three reasons: 1. it was positioned conveniently between Charleston and Savannah; 2. the Port Royal sound was big enough to accommodate the entire Union Navy; and 3. there was the possibility that the ground would provided a good wedge between Savannah and Charleston. the union won
  • shiloh

    this was a surprise attack by the union and the union won.
  • new orleans

    new orleans
    cannon ships attacked the fort in new orleans and be the ocupation of the citiy becuase the spring flood had just occured the unnion won the battle.
  • Siege of Yorktown

    Siege of Yorktown
    Major General Benjamin Butler attempted an offensive upon Magrude's troops and moved them back beyond Yorktown. Although the Federals lost the battle it showed the Confederates just how big the force was and a meeting was called by Davis in Richmond. Lee suggested that Johnston try to hold the Union soldiers on the Peninsula and then drive them out, while James Longstreet felt that they should attack Washington while it was practically defenseless. it was a confederate victory
  • Charleston Harbor

    Charleston Harbor
    The first siege on the harbor was launched by John B. Marchand. He felt that if the Union wanted to take Charleston it would start with Charleston Harbor. the union won.
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    Second Battle of Bull Run
    The battle ended in a cloud of confusion and doubts about just how loyal the Union army was to each other. Porter's corps had stood idle the whole afternoon of the twenty-ninth; Banks's 6,500 men had taken no part in the fight; McClellan, at near-by Alexandria, had failed to get any part of his large army to Pope in time to do any good. Porter was later made the scapegoat for all this tragedy of errors, but the real failure was Pope's and McClellan's. it was a confederate victory.
  • Fredericksburg

    After two weeks of building, the pontoon boats were finished. The long delay was due mostly to the sharpshooters on the banks who continually harassed the workers. Finally, a boat was sent over to the other side of the Rappahannock and chased them away. On December 13th, Burnside began to move his men into position. Burnside planned to launch two simultaneous attacks. it was a confederate victory.
  • Stones River

    Stones River
    Major General William S. Rosecrans was under pressure, like so many other generals before him, to plan and execute an offensive. Rosecrans responded that he would not move until his men were ready, but a couple of days later he was on his way southeast to the town of Murfreesboro. At Murfreesboro Rosecrans met up with Bragg who had moved into position to defend the town. That night both of the generals had an offensive planned. to union won