Civil War

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  • President Lincoln Call for Army Volunteers

    President Lincoln Call for Army Volunteers
    President Lincoln asked for only three months' service from each volunteer.
  • Confederate Capital

    Confederate Capital
    Richmond, Virginia was choosen for the Confederate Capital.
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    This was the first great battle of the Civil War. The battle was fought at Manassas Junction near Bull Run Creek, only 30 miles south of Washington, D. C. Many Congressmen and their wives watched from behind the battle lines. The North was defeated and retreated to the capital. President Lincoln asked for more volunteers.
  • Fighting on the Mississippi

    Fighting on the Mississippi
    After capturing Fort Henry along the Tennessee River the Union army with 15,000 men led by Ulysses S. Grant attacked Fort Donelson, a Confederate fort on the Cumberland River. At Fort Donelson Grant sent the message, "No terms except unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted. I propose to move immediately upon your works." The North had six gunboats. The fighting lasted three days. Grant took 12,000 Confederate prisoners and 40 cannons from Fort Donelson. This cut off the Confederat
  • Ironclad ships battle

    Ironclad ships battle
    For the first time in history two ironclad ships battled. The battle lasted for hours. Neither side won the battle. The Confederate ironclad was an old wooden ship called the Merrimac which had been rebuilt with iron all around the boat. The Merrimac had sunk several Union ships in the past months. The North decided to build an ironclad ship to fight it. The Northern ship was called the Monitor.
  • Shiloh

    After Grant had captured several forts in Tennessee his armies moved south toward Mississippi. The Confederate army met Grant at Shiloh, Tennessee. Grant had not expected the attack. At first he seemed to be losing. Then more Northern troops arrived and Grant defeated the Southerners.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    Lee took command telling the Confederate forces that he planned to carry the fight to the enemy. He crossed the Potomac River into Maryland, but was blocked from Washington, D. C. by Union troops in a bloody battle at Sharpsburg near Antietam Creek. Lee realized that his army was in a bad position to receive supplies and withdrew his troops over the Potomac to Virginia.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    President issued a proclamation freeing all the slaves in the South. Lincoln's document called the Emancipation Proclamation because in emancipated the slaves.
  • Chancellorsville

    General Lee fought against General Joseph Hooker. Although outnumbered two to one, Lee won the battle. During the battle General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson was killed.
  • Gettysburg Battle

    Gettysburg Battle
    Robert E. Lee invaded Pennsylvania in June 1863. He was hoping to threaten Washington and Philadelphia, to breed Northern morale, and to gain recognition and independence for the Southern Confederacy. At Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Lee's Army of Northern Virginia met the Army of the Potomac. It was under the command of General George G, Meade. This famous battle lasted three days. The Southerners were turned back and again retreated into Virginia.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address.
  • Grant appointed Commander-in-Chief

    Grant appointed Commander-in-Chief
    President Lincoln appointed Grant became general in chief of the North. Grant then appinted General William T. Sherman to command the Western armies, while General George G. Meade remained the command of the armies of the East.
  • Lincoln Elected

    Lincoln Elected
    Lincoln was reelected President for a second term.
  • General of the South

    General of the South
    Lee became general in chief of the South.
  • Petersburg and Richmond

    Petersburg and Richmond
    General Grant and General Meade's Army moved to the south of Richmond. During the winter of 1864-65 the Union army attacked many times, but could not break through. After nine months General Lee was forced to retreat toward Lynchburg giving up both Petersburg and Richmond.
  • Lincoln is assasinated

    Lincoln is assasinated
    On Good Firday, April 14 Lincoln was assassinated. He was attending a performance at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D. C. The assisin was and actor named John Wilkes Booth. After twelve days of running Booth was fatally shot.
  • Appomattox Courthouse

    Appomattox Courthouse
    General Lee surrendered to General Grant at Appomottox Courthouse, Virginia
  • Davis' Capture

    Davis' Capture
    Jefferson Davis was captured near Georgia.
  • Confederates Surrender

    Confederates Surrender
    The last Confederate troops surrendered.