Civil War

  • South Carolina secedes

    On this day, a secession convention meeting in Charleston, South Carolina, unanimously adopted an ordinance dissolving the connection between South Carolina and the United States of America. South Carolina was the first state to secede.
  • Lincoln's election

    Lincoln's election
    Lincoln had just been elected but South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas had seceded because of the election, before the new President had even assumed office. Alan Pinkerton had already decided to assasinate Lincoln.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    Since 1858 there has been a coflict between the north and south about slavery. This was the first battle of the civil war.
  • Virginia

    Virginia secedes. Virginia was the 11 state to secede.
  • The first Battle of Bull Run

    The Union army generaled by Irvin Mcdowell gets defeated by the confederates. The general of the Confederate Army was Gen. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
  • Union Generals

    Union Generals
    Gen. Irvin Mcdowell was taken away from the position of general. George B. McClellan is now oppionted the General of the Union Army
  • McClellan's Army

    McClellan's Army of the Potomac advances from Washington down the Potomac River and the Chesapeake Bay.
  • Surprise!

    Confederate surprise attack on Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's unprepared troops at Shiloh on the Tennessee River results in a struggle with 13,000 Union killed and wounded and 10,000 Confederates.
  • The Battle of Seven Pines

    The Battle of Seven Pines
    Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Army attacks McClellan's troops at Richmond, Virginia and were almost defeated. however Gen. Johnson was harshly wounded.
  • The Seven Days Battles

    General Robert E. Lee attacks McClellan near Richmond. This resulted in heavy losses for both armies. McClellan withdrawls to Washington.
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    75,000 Federals under Gen. John Pope are defeated by 55,000 Confederates under Gen. Stonewall Jackson and Gen. James Longstreet at the second battle of Bull Run in northern Virginia. Once again the Union Army retreats to Washington.
  • The Bloodiest Day in U.S. Military

    The Bloodiest Day in U.S. Military
    General Robert E. Lee and Confederate Armies are stopped by McClellan at Antietam in Maryland. 26,000 men were either dead, wounded, or missing.
  • Another General

    Lincoln replaces McClellan with Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside as the new Commander of the Army of the Potomac. Lincoln had grown impatient with McClellan's slowness to follow up on the success at Antietam
  • Fredericksburg, Virginia

    Gen. Burnside takes a terrible loss at Fredericksburg in Virginia with a loss of 12,653 men. Confederate losses are 5,309.
  • Emancipation

    President Lincoln issues the final Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves in territories held by Confederates.
  • Chancellorsville

    Gen. Hooker is defeated by Lee's small army at the Battle of Chancellorsville. This was a result Lee's brilliant and daring tactics. The Union lost 17,000 killed, wounded or missing out of 130,000. The Confederates, 13, 000 out of 60,000.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    The war turns against the South as the Confederates are defeated at the Battle of Gettysburg.
  • Cemetary Gates

    Lincoln delivers a two minute Gettysburg Address at a ceremony dedicating the Battlefield as a National Cemetery.
  • Another New General for the Union

    President Lincoln appoints Gen. Grant to command all of the armies of the United States. Gen. William T. Sherman succeeds Grant as commander in the west.
  • Atlanta

    Atlanta is captured by Sherman's Army. The victory greatly helps President Lincoln's bid for re-election.
  • A March to the Sea

    After destroying Atlanta's warehouses and railroad facilities, Sherman, with 62,000 men begins a March to the Sea. Sherman reaches Savannah in Georgia leaving behind a 300 mile long path of destruction 60 miles wide all the way from Atlanta.
  • Slavery

    The Thirteenth Amendment is approved by Congress to abolish slavery.
  • Unfortunately Surrenders

    Gen. Robert E. Lee surrenders his Confederate Army to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at the village of Appomattox Court House in Virginia. Grant allows Rebel officers to keep their sidearms and permits soldiers to keep horses and mules.