Civil War

  • Lincoln's Election

    Lincoln's Election
    He identified wholeheartedly with the northern cause and led southern states to secede.
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  • South Carolina secedes from the Union

    South Carolina secedes from the Union
    South Carolina was the first state to secede. They charged that a sectional party had elected a president that is hostile towards slavery.
  • Rest of the Deep South secedes

    Rest of the Deep South secedes
    Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas joined South Carolina in secession.
  • Confederacy is founded

    Confederacy is founded
    Deep south met in Montgomery, Alabama to establish the Confederate States of America. They drafted a constitution and elected Jefferson Davis as president.
  • Attack on Fort Sumter

    Attack on Fort Sumter
    After 40 hours of defending the fort, union forces surrendered
  • Upper South Secedes

    Upper South Secedes
    After the fort sumter attack, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina joined the Confederacy
  • Battle of Bull Run

    Battle of Bull Run
    McDowell attacks Confederates in Virginia. General Thomas J Jackson brings confederate reinforcements and blocks the north before counterattacking. Proved that the war would not be quickly fought and won for the North
  • Union captures New Orleans

    Union captures New Orleans
    Occupied under Farragut. Secured the mouth of the Mississippi,
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    Second Battle of Bull Run
    Lee sent Jackson to Pope's rear, while the main Confederate army was thrown against the Union's flank. Southern victory, Pope retreated.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    Bloodiest battle of the war. Draw, but Lee was forced to fall back
  • Battle of Fredericksburg

    Battle of Fredericksburg
    Confederates won, Unions suffered twice the amount of casualties.
  • Lincoln issues final Emancipation Proclamation

    Lincoln issues final Emancipation Proclamation
    Declared that slaves in areas under Confederate control were freed
  • Gettysburg

    Meade's Union troops had the high ground, Lee was forced to retreat.
  • Vicksburg

    Grant seizes Vicksburg, gaining control of the Mississippi
  • New York Riot

    New York Riot
    anti-draft riot where a mob burned draft offices, the homes of leading republicans, an orphanage for black children, and lynched blacks
  • Seige of Petersburg

    Seige of Petersburg
    Grant attempts seige; result is a stalemate.
  • Sherman takes Atlanta

    Sherman takes Atlanta
    Took Atlanta by employing a series of skillfull flanking movements. Improved Lincoln's chances of reelection
  • Lincoln is re-elected

    Lincoln is re-elected
    Republican cause of liberty and Union secure
  • 13th Ammendment approved

    13th Ammendment approved
    Outlaws slavery
  • Lee Surrenders at Appotamox

    Lee Surrenders at Appotamox
    After their retreat is cut off, Lee realizes further resistance is useless.
  • Lincoln Assassinated

    Lincoln Assassinated
    Killed by John Wilkes Booth, a proconfederate actor