Civil War

  • Period: to

    Civil War

  • Abraham Lincoln was elected president

    Abraham Lincoln was elected president
    Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860 and took place in office March 4th, 1861. He was the first Republican, and he recieved 180 of 303 possible electoral votes and 40 percent of the popular vote. His presidency was significant becuase he was working to stop the spread of slavery into the West and this caused many problems with the North and the South.
  • Battle at Fort Sumter

    Battle at Fort Sumter
    First offical battle of the Civil War. 4:30 a.m. Confederates open fire with 50 cannons upon Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. The Civil War begins. Confederates win with no deaths.
  • Lincoln orders blockade of the south

    Lincoln orders blockade of the south
    This took place when Lincoln orderd the Union Navy to go out at see and made a huge effort to stop the trade of goods from to and from the south. This was significant for the Union because they stopped the trade of any kind of supplies that could possibly help the Confederacy win this war.
  • 1st Battle of Bull Run (or you may see if called Manassas)

    1st Battle of Bull Run (or you may see if called Manassas)
    There were engagements fought in the summers of 1861 and 1862 at a small stream named Bull Run, near Manassas in northern Virginia. This was significant for the south because both battles gave military advantage to the Confederacy.
  • Monitor vs. Virginia naval battle

    Monitor vs. Virginia naval battle
    This was the most important naval battle of the American Civil War. It was fought over two days, March 8–9, 1862, in Hampton Roads, a roadstead in Virginia where the Elizabeth and Nansemond Rivers meet the James River just before it enters Chesapeake Bay. The battle was a part of the effort of the Confederacy to break the Union blockade, which had cut off Virginia's largest cities, Norfolk and Richmond, from international trade.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    Also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing, was a major battle in the Western Theater, this battle was fought in southwestern Tennessee. One Union Army under Major General Ulysses S. Grant moved into Tennessee by the Tennessee River and was camped at Pittsburg Landing on the west bank of the river. Confederate forces launched a surprise attack on Grant there. The Confederates achieved considerable success on the first day but were defeated by the Union the second day.
  • 7 Days Campaign

    7 Days Campaign
    A sequence of battels around Richmond, Virginia that began on June 26th, 1862. The North won but both sides sufferened many casualites.
  • Antietam

    Also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg. The first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Union soil. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with 22,717 dead, wounded and missing on both sides combined.
  • Emancipation Proclamation issued

    Emancipation Proclamation issued
    Issued to all segments of the Executive branch (including the Army and Navy) of the United States by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, during the American Civil War. It was based on the president's constitutional authority as commander in chief of the armed forces; it was not a law passed by Congress. Declared that all slaves were free from now on. Lincoln gave this speech after the Battle at Antietam.
  • 2nd Battle of Bull Run (or 2nd battle of Manassas)

    2nd Battle of Bull Run (or 2nd battle of Manassas)
    75,000 soldier under General John Pope are defeated by 55,000 Confederates under General Stonewall Jackson and General James Longstreet at the second battle of Bull Run in Northern Virginia. The Union Army retreats to Washington. The president then relieves Pope.
  • Emancipation Proclamation takes effect

    Emancipation Proclamation takes effect
    President Abraham Lincoln signs the final Emancipation Proclamation, which ends slavery in the rebelling states. All slaves in Confederate land were freed.
  • Battle at Chancellorsville

    Battle at Chancellorsville
    Fought from April 30 to May 6, 1863, in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, near the village of Chancellorsville. The Union army under Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker fought against a Confederate army that was less than half it's size. The Confederate army under Gen. Robert E. Lee was split up. This was a risky decision but it resulted in a huge victory for the south.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg, was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. It was the battle with the largest number of casualties in the American Civil War and is often described as the war's turning point. The North won this battle.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    The final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the Civil War. A series of maneuvers, Union Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and his Army of the Tennessee crossed the Mississippi River and drove the Confederate army of Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton into the defensive lines surrounding the fortress city of Vicksburg, Mississippi. The Union took control of the Mississippi when the Confederates surrendered on July 4th. The Union would hold the river for the rest of the conflict.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    A speech by President Abraham Lincoln, one of the best-known in American history. It was delivered by Lincoln at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg.
  • Battle at Chattanooga

    Battle at Chattanooga
    There were three battles fought in Chattanooga, Tennessee during the Civil War. The Union won. It gave them the ability to move further south. It was one of the major turning points in the Civil War
  • Ulysses S. Grant takes over the Union Army

    Ulysses S. Grant takes over the Union Army
    Lincoln makes Ulysses S. Grant commander of all Union armies, ending his long search for a decent general to command northern forces. General William T. Sherman takes over as commander in the West.
  • Sherman captures Atlanta

    Sherman captures Atlanta
    On the summer campaign to seize the important rail and supply center of Atlanta, Union forces commanded by William T. Sherman overwhelmed and defeated Confederate forces.
  • Abraham Lincoln re-elected

    Abraham Lincoln re-elected
    Abraham Lincoln is re-elected president, defeating Democrat George B. McClellan. Lincoln carries all but three states with 55 percent of the popular vote and 212 of 233 electoral votes.
  • Sherman begins march to the sea

    Sherman begins march to the sea
    It was also called the Savannah Campaign led through Georgia from November 15 to December 21, 1864 by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army. The campaign began with Sherman's troops leaving the city of Atlanta, Georgia, on November 16 and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on December 21. Sherman's March to the Sea was lead by Maj. Gen. William Sherman. The purpose of this march was to destroy much of the South's potential to wage war.
  • Savannah, GA falls to the Union

    Savannah, GA falls to the Union
    Union General William Tecumseh Sherman entered in mid-December after burning the city of Atlanta and everything in his path on his "March to the Sea." Entering Savannah, Sherman was said to be so impressed by its beauty that he could not destroy it. On December 22, 1864, he sent a famous telegram to President Abraham Lincoln, offering the city as a Christmas present.
  • 13th Amendment passed

    13th Amendment passed
    The 13th amendment abolishes slavery. It was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, passed by the House on January 31, 1865, and finally adopted on December 6, 1865.
  • Union Army moves in and occupies Richmond, VA.

    Union Army moves in and occupies Richmond, VA.
    Richmond was the Confederate captial during the Civil War. If the Union took over the capital the war would be over.
  • Robert E. Lee surrenders

    Robert E. Lee surrenders
    Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered his troops of 28,000 soldiers to Union army General Ulysses S. Grant which effectivley ending the Civil war. Lee's army was forced to leave Richmond, they were blocked from joining the only other Confederate force in North Carolina, and the Union army was destroying them with their weaponry se Lee really had no other choice.
  • Abraham Lincoln shot and killed

    Abraham Lincoln shot and killed
    John Wilkes Booth shot Abraham Lincoln on the 14th of April. John was a supported of the Confederate Army. Lincoln was the first American president to be assassinated. Lincoln and his wife were attending a play at the Ford Theater that night. At 10:13 p.m., during the third act of the play, John Wilkes Booth shoots the president in the head. Doctors attended to the president in the theater then move him to a house across the street. He never regained consciousness.