Fort SumterMajor Robert Anderson was in charge of the Union armies and the South had general P.T. Beauregard. The Union surrendered so the South won. This battle was important because it was the first of many battles in the Civil War.
1st battle of Bull RunGeneral McDowell was the leader of the Union General PT Beauragrd was the leader of the COnfederacy. The Cnfederacy won and it was important because it was the first war and it changed peoples views on the war.
Battle of ShilohGrant and William Sherman were the leaders of the North and Beauregard was the leader of the South. The Union won and this battle was important because it was a stratigic win for the Union and their control over the MIssissippi River.
Fall of New OrleansLeader:
Union: Captain David Farragut
Importance: gave Union full controld of the Mississippi and South couldn't use the port or river to carry goods to sea
Battle of Antietamleaders:
Neither side won!!
Importance: Union was able to prevent lee from moving the war into Northern land.
Caused the Emancipation Proclimation
McClellan got Lee's battle plans.
Battle of Fredericksburgleader:
Union: general Burnside
Confederacy: General Lee
Importance: South won again
Battle of Chancellorsvilleleaders:
Union: General Hooker
Confederacy: General Lee and General Jacckson
COnfederacy won again!
Importance: "Stonewall" Jackson died and it ruined Union's plans of going to Richmond
Battle of GetesburgLeaders:
Union: General Meade
Confederacy Lee and Picket
Importance: ended South's hope of getting help from Britain and France
The Vicksburg Siege StartLeaders:
Union won again!!
Importance: major turning point, Confederacy split in half and lost control of the Mississippi River in the South
The six bloodiest weeks in US history
Bushfires burned alive 200 wounded men.
Grant continued to move towards Richmond
50,000 Union soldiers died in 30 days!
Nobody liked Grant, but LIncoln defended him because he thought Grant was "a fighter."
Farragut at Mobile BayDavid Farragut lead the Union
He led attack of 18 ships into Mobile Bay. Alabama.
the Confederacy reacted with torpedoes and fired at the ships.
Union kept going and their plan of invasion worked.
Union was able to capture the last Southern port east of the Mississippi.
Sherman's March to SeaSherman led the Union.
Used Toal War strategy.
HIs men burned cities and land all across Georgia to the Atlantic.
They killed and destroyed all throughtout the Carolina's/
Also they destroyed anything the South needed.
Thousands of enslaved people were freed.
Fall of RichmondFall of Richmond:
Lincoln and son Tad toured Richmond as it burned.
African Americans followed Lincoln singing, laughing, and reaching out to touch him.
Lincoln went to Davis's (President of the Confederacy) house and just sat in a chair and stared off.
Surrender of AppomettoxLee and his troops retreated, but he continued to fight and finally surrendered
In Appomatax Court House, VA Grant met with Lee and decided the end of the war.
UNION WON THE WAR!!!
There were a couple Conditions of Surrender:
Rebel troops kept their weapons
Rebel officers kept their horses
No one would distract the soldiers on their way home
Grant also gave Lee’s troops food for their journey home.
ON APRIL 9, 1865 THE CIVIL WAR WAS OVER!!!!!