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Civil War

By marys62
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    Election of 1860
    Republican Abolitionist Abraham Lincoln was elected president of the United States of America. This victory caused several Southern states to secede soon after in fear of losing Congressional power.
  • The South Secedes

    The South Secedes
    The South Secedes
    In fear of losing Congressional power, several Southern states began to secede from the Union after Abraham Lincoln became president. South Carolina seceded on December 20, 1860. Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas followed on February 1, 1861.
  • The Confederacy is Formed

    The Confederacy is Formed
    Confederate States of America
    Soon after the secession of the South, a new government is formed in Montgomery, Alabama. The new government is named the Confederate States of America, or the Confederacy. Jefferson Davis is elected the new leader, and a constitution is written.
  • Battle of Fort Sumter

    Battle of Fort Sumter
    The Battle of Fort Sumter
    The Battle of Fort Sumter was the spark of the Civil War. The Confederates surprised the Union by bombarding Fort Sumter at Charleston Harbor. The fort surrendered, and Abraham Lincoln declared that the Civil War had begun.
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    First Battle of Bull Run
    The Battle of Bull Run was the first major battle between the Confederacy and the Union. Along the Bull Run stream, the Confederates were driven back. Behind General Thomas Jackson, the Confederacy regrouped and gathered more troops. This casued to Union troops to retreat.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    The Battle of Shiloh
    General Ulysses S. Grant of the Union headed for Tennessee. The Confederacy pushed the Union back by surprising the Union army. Overnight, General Grant gathered more soldiers and attacked the Confederacy the next day. This forced the Confederacy to retreat.
  • Seven Days Battle

    Seven Days Battle
    Fighting Continues in the Seven Days Battle
    General Robert E. Lee of the Confederacy attacked General George B. McClellan of the Union. The Union caused the Confederacy several deaths and injuries, but they ended in defeat. After General McClellan was forced to retreat, General John Pope was instucted to take the Union troops to Virginia. On this trek, the Union was attacked unexpectedly, and the army
  • Seven Days Battle (continued)

    Seven Days Battle (continued)
    fell unsuccessfully. The Confederacy had prevailed again at the Second Battle of Bull Run.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    The Battle of Antietam
    General Lee began a journey to Maryland with his Confederate troops. Once they reached this location, a battle between the two armies began along the Antietam Creek. It was an important Union victory. It was the bloodiest battle in United States History; General Lee lost almost 1/3 of his troops.
  • The Emancipation Proclamation is Issued

    The Emancipation Proclamation is Issued
    Emacipation Proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation, a document which allowed slaves living in nonoccupied areas of the Union to gain freedom, was issued after the Battle of Antietam. This proclamation even granted African Americans to right to fight as Union soldiers.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    Siege of Vicksburg
    New Orleans was captured and several port cities were captured as well by David Farragut, a Union naval officer. The Confederacy were son forced to surrender after Union General Grant sieged Vicksburg, Mississippi.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    Battle of Gettysburg
    The Union and the Confederacy met in the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, as General Lee was moving South through Pennsylvania. The Union line was pushed back, and as a result the Union attacked the Confederacy. General Lee instucted General George Pickett to lead Pickett's Charge. The Confederacy soon retreated. The Gettysburg address was written by Abraham Lincoln soon after to encourage the Union
  • Battle of Gettysburg (continued)

    Battle of Gettysburg (continued)
    (continued) to continue fighting for our country.
  • The Union Wins the Civil War

    The Union Wins the Civil War
    Robert E. Lee Surrenders
    Through the siege of Petersburg, Virginia, Confederate losses, and Lincoln's reelection, General Grant and Lee eventually met in Petersburg. The Union army began breaking through the Confederacy's forces. General Lee surrenderred once he saw his poor standpoint in the war at the Appomattox Courthouse.