Civil Rights Timeline

  • Brown vs Board of Education

    Brown vs Board of Education
    It was a Supreme Court case to end segregation. 9-0 decision or unanimous, for equal protection under the 14th Amendment. After the decision vidence and riots broke out, with some schools closing.
  • Murder of Emmett Till

    Murder of Emmett Till
    Emmett Till was a 14 year old boy from Chicago visiting family in Mississippi. But as he was visiting he was accused of whistling at a white woman. Roy Bryant and JW Milan kidnap, beat, shot, killed and then threw Emmett’s body in the river. Emmett’s mother had an open casket funeral. Both men stood trial, and were found not guilty, due to the all white jury. This was the spark to start the Civil Rights movement.
  • Rosa Parks- Bux Boycott

    Rosa Parks- Bux Boycott
    On December 1st, 1955 Rosa Parks refused to move seats which got her arrested. December 5th, 1955 the Bus Boycott began and lasted 381 days. Martin Luther King emerges as the leader of the bus boycott 1st large scale demonstration, nonviolent in the United States. The boycott was very successful because 75% of all riders are black so most of the buses were empty on days.
  • Southern ChristianLeadership Conference

    Southern ChristianLeadership Conference
    The SCLC started after the bus boycott to organize protest. Martin Luther King was elected President. This organized protest around the south to coordinate events such as Greensboro sit ins, March on Washington and Selma. After Martin Luther King’s assassination it declined. But through out the whole thing it found it’s was to still exits today.
  • Little Rock 9

    Little Rock 9
    Testing Brown vs Board of Education decision. Nine Students were vetted to undergo this test. Airborn 101 escorted students to class. Following year all public schools closed 1958, August 29, 1959 schools reopened.
  • Greensboro Sit-In

    Greensboro Sit-In
    Four college students sat down at a lunch counter at Woolworths to be served. They were refused service. Continued to "sit-in" and others joined, the protest spread to other towns forced change.
  • Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and Freedom Summer

    Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and Freedom Summer
    Youth group of students remained fiercely independent of Martin Luther King and SCLC, generating their own projects and strategies. The two organizations worked side by side throughout the early years of the civil rights movement. This group was the second half of the Freedom riders and were a part of the March to Selma.
  • Freedom Riders

    Freedom Riders
    Two weeks bus trip to the Deep South, to deliberately violate Jim Crow Laws. It was organized by CORE. The buses were burned and riders beaten by the Ku Klux Klan. November 1,1961 white and coloured signs are removed from bus stations, train stations and lunch counter.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    March on Washington was to advocate for the civil and economic rights of African Americans. 250,000 people were in attendance at the Lincoln Memorial. Martin Luther King was the last to speak, and gave his “I had a dream speech” 70-80% of marchers were black. It helped to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    Can Not be refused service! Forbids employers and labor unions to discriminate against any person on grounds of race, colour, religion, sex, physical disability or age in job related matters. Prohibits discrimination against race, colour, religion, national origin, sex, physical disability.
  • March on Selma/ Bloody Sunday

    March on Selma/ Bloody Sunday
    Six Hundred March from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama to get their right to vote. They walked fifty-four miles and were stopped at the bridge. Seen on national television. LBJ order the passage of 1965 voting rights law. 2nd March took place on March 21-24 with 25,000 Marchers including Martin Luther King.
  • Voting Rights of 1965

    Voting Rights of 1965
    One of the most comprehensive pieces of legislation in US History. Blacks were registering to vote and being elected to public office. The Voting Rights Act of 1965, signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson.