Civil Rights Time Line

By 0100365
  • The Formation of the Ku Klux Klan

    The Formation of the Ku Klux Klan
    This group also refered to the KKK was formed to terrorize African Americans. This group became so violent that they would burn Africans alive. They usually wore all white and had pointy cone shaped hats. Luckily the KKK was declared unconstitutional in 1882.
  • The Fifteenth Amendment

    The Fifteenth Amendment
    The 15th Amendment allowed all citizens the right to vote. This amendment prohibits the government to deny a citizens right to vote because of color or race. Unfortunately, the south found ways to get around this law because they didnt want the Africans to have a say in the government's decisions. Whites would threaten Africans so they would not vote.
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    Lynchins is a form of murder of a African American by a mob with no lawful trial. Between 1882 and 1992 about 1200 Africans were lynched. Lynching victims were usually beaten before they were hung on trees. In that time, you could walk down a street and see Africans hanging from trees.
  • Plessy Vs. Ferguson Case

    Plessy Vs. Ferguson Case
    Plessy's case was no segregation on public railroads. The court ruled in support of this case but it stated that it had to be "Seperate but Equal." Although there was nothing equal about public transportation.
  • The Formation of the NAACP

    The Formation of the NAACP
    The goal of the NAACP was to help African Americans become free of segregation and win the right to vote. Their main tactic was to use the courts to challenge the unfair laws. Thurgood Marshal was their lawyer who helped NAACP win their court cases.
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    The Jazz Age

    Jazz, origionated in the south, was based on improvisation that combined different cultures of music. Louis Armstrong and Bessie Smith were the two major jazz artist during this time. Jazz music helped bridge the gap between races.
  • Emmett Till

    Emmett Till
    Young boy Emmett Till from Chicago was visiting family in Mississippi. While at a store, he said goodbye to a white woman and later that night, 3 men come to the house take him away. Emmett's body was found in a river 3 days later. His mother decided to have a open caskett funeral to show Americans what these white men did to her son. This event brought awareness to the world and southern racism.
  • Montogomery Bus Boycott

    Montogomery Bus Boycott
    This event startes when Rosa Parks sat in the white section of a bus and refused to move, she was then arrested and put in jail. African Americans boycotted the use of local city busses. During this time, Southern Christian Leadership Conference was founded by MLK. The supreme court decided it was unconstitutional to segregate local buses.
  • The Little Rock Crisis

    The Little Rock Crisis
    In the start of high school integration 9 Africans were going to a city high school. One girl was spit on and threatened as she tried to enter the school. Gov. Faubus had guards not allowing the 9 kids to enter. Finally Eisenhower sent in the National Guard to protect these 9 students making sure that they were kept safe.
  • The Lunch Counter Sit-ins

    The Lunch Counter Sit-ins
    High school and college students went to local diners that only served whites and sat at the counter for hours waiting to get served. They just sat there not provoking any problems, but the whites, irratated, poured hot tea and coffee on the blacks. The blacks were arested for disturbing the peace. SNCC was the ultimate outcome of this event.
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    Freedom Rides

    CORE participants started in Washington DC and headed down south into the most racial parts of the south. The Kennedy Administration eventually sent the National guard to protect the Freedom Riders. They face resistance in Alamaba where the bus is fire bombed. Also, in Birmingham KKK members beat the people on the bus. In the end, over 300 people were sent to jail but they got Kennedy to ban interstate travel segregation.
  • The Albany Movement

    The Albany Movement
    Although this event was a failure because it didnt pin point one form of segregation. On the other hand, it showed that the movement can mobilize the whole community against segregation.Over 500 demonstrators were jailed.
  • The Bigmingham Confrontation

    The Bigmingham Confrontation
    Activist tried to desegrate Bigmingham AL. This was when MLK wrote his famous Letter from Birmingham Jail. There were 100 children arrested during this event. 1000 teens met at 16th Street Baptist Church to begin the one block march. This event gained huge media attention.
  • The March On Washington

    The March On Washington
    MLK and 200,000 people gathered at DC between Washington Memorial and the Lincoln Memorial. This is where MLK gave his famous speech "I Have a Dream." Surpriningly 1/3 of people at the march were white.
  • The 16th Street Church Bombing

    The 16th Street Church Bombing
    This is where the kids in the Birmingham Crisis met. 4 people were killed. It was a important event to the Civil Rights Movement because blacks in America could vote and would have a say in kids life. This was the turning point for the issue of voting rights.
  • The 1964 Democratic National Convention

    The 1964 Democratic National Convention
    Regular White democrat anc black democrat party shows up at the convention to represent Mississippi. The FDPM won in the hearings they were given 2 chairs for the 1000 people. Ella Baker turned down the 2 chairs because she was not settling for less.
  • Murder of Medgar Evers

    Murder of Medgar Evers
    This took place in Meridian Mississippi.Evers was the field security for NAACP. He also organized the boycott of multiple stores in his area. He was shot on his driveway during the night
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    This law prohibits discrimination in public accommodations which tried to get rid of segregation. It also prohibits different registration standards. It required equal voting rights. It also prohibits discrimination to employers union.