-Brown vs. Board of Education(1954)
- This was a landmark court case that banned segregation in public schools. It overturned the Plessy vs Ferguson ruling and the separate but equal doctrine.
Emmett Till Murder (1955)
Emmett Till was a 14 year old black boy who was killed in Money Mississippi by two white men while visiting family. He was killed for whistling at a white women in a white owned store. The woman's husband and her brother later killed Emmett that night, they beat his face in and threw his body in the river. His mother wanted him to have an open casket so the world could see what they did to her baby.
Rosa Parks & the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Rosa Parks was a black women who refused to give up her seat to a white man on a bus. This led to her arrest. Other blacks in Montgomery Alabama found out about this and started a 13-month protest that ended up in the Supreme Court where it was ruled that segregation on public buses were unconstitutional.
The Little Rock Nine and School Integration
This was a group of nine black students who were picked to be enrolled at a high school in Little Rock. Other students and citizens weren't happy about these handful of blacks going to a white school. The black students were threatened and mobbed at times. So the President sent the 101st Airborne troops out to the high school to protect/ guard these black students at all times.
Greensboro Woolworth's Sit-ins
Civil rights protest led by young black african americans who went and sat in at a lunch counter where blacks were not allowed to be. They were denied service but they still refused to leave. This protest spread throughout other places in the south, some being more violent than others. But they were meant to be peaceful.
Freedom Riders were a group of white and black civil rights activists who all would ride a bus together throughout the south to protest against segregated transportation. Usually it was peaceful protesting but on one event a group of angry whites caught one of the buses on fire hurting many riders.
The 24th Amendment prohibited poll tax (having to pay to vote) for people of any race.
MLK's Letter From Birmingham Jail
This was a letter written by Dr Martin Luther King while he was in jail. His letter explained how "whatever affects one directly affects all indirectly" this means whatever affects one person around you can also affect many other people. As to what was happening with the police brutality that peaceful protester were receiving.
March on Washington
The largest march/ protest in civil rights history with more than 250,000 participantes. These people were marching at the nation's capitol in Washington DC for jobs and freedom.
Birmingham Baptist Church Bombing
During the civil rights movement in Birmingham a group of racist white people planted a bomb in the 16th street baptist church killing four young girls. This shocked the nation.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
The civil rights act of 1964 was a law passed by congress that prohibited any type of race, color, religion, sex or national origin discrimination.
"Bloody Sunday"/ Selma to Montgomery March
A locally organized protest march that took place in Selma. When the unarmed protesters crossed the county line into Montgomery that were attacked by state troopers with billy club and tear gas.
Voting Rights Act of 1964
Aimed to get rid of the things that held back blacks from voting like the literacy test that was almost impossible to pass that had to be taken to be able to vote.
Loving v. Virginia
A law that banned the law that people of two different races could not get married. Main reason this law was banned was because of Richard Loving (white man) marrying Mildred Jeter (black women).