Civil Rights Dual Timeline

Timeline created by benbdixon05
  • The Early Years - Policy of Protectionism

    The Early Years - Policy of Protectionism
    The policy of Protectionism was a white made regulation on the aboriginal people of Australia, and subjected Indigenous people to near total control, as well as denying them basic human rights such as freedom of movement and labour, the custody of their own children, and how much control they had over their personal belongings.
  • The Day of Mourning and the 10 Point Plan

    The Day of Mourning and the 10 Point Plan
    The day of mourning was a day to protest and raise awareness of Aboriginal prejudice in the country. The day mourned the loss of lives caused by the arrival of the white people at the first landing. The ten point plan was a a plan created by 'the Abo Call' to push more rights in the future for the Aboriginal People, calling for equal rights and access to education.
  • Maritime Strikes

    Maritime Strikes
    In 1939, fisherman and maritime works went onto strike in order to protest the efforts by corporations to integrate Torres Straight Islanders into the workforce. These strikes happened heavily throughout the decade and can still be seen up into this day.
  • Importance on non-violent protests - Martin Luther King

    Importance on non-violent protests - Martin Luther King
    When you think revolution, you most likely think of violence. Or at least you did before recent years. People like Martin Luther King Jr. and Gandhi became synonymous with peaceful protesting and achieved results and raised awareness without actively trying to harm anyone. When the protestors aren’t actively harming people, it becomes easy to side with them. The people against the protest are actively trying to hurt and punish them for expressing their right to protest, which, was seen as legal.
  • Little Rock Nine

    Little Rock Nine
    In September 1957, a group of nine different African American students enrolled into a school which was formerly 'white'. Refereed to as 'The little rock nine', the group of African Americans caused outrage, with many white kids leaving the school due to it. The group would have to be escorted around, and became a key figure in the fight against racial segregation.
  • Electoral Act Amendment

    Electoral Act Amendment
    The 1962 Electoral Act Amendment allowed Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islanders to vote in federal elections, and was a goof first step in giving the groups equal rights.
  • Martin Luther King Arrested and Jailed

    Martin Luther King Arrested and Jailed
    In 1963, the protesting of black rights moved to Birmingham, Alabama. The city government obtained a state court injunction against the process, with protesters running the risk of jail time. Martin Luther King Jr was arrested and sentence to jail time. Despite this, Martin Luther King and many more protesters decided to launch campaigns anyway.
  • March on Washington - "I have a dream"

    March on Washington - "I have a dream"
    The march on Washington was a massive protest march that occurred in August 1963. 250,000 people gathered in Washington D.C, in front of the Lincoln Memorial, in order to draw attention to challenges and inequalities that African Americans faced every day. It was also the event where Martin Luther King said his iconic ‘I have a dream' speech.
  • Yirrkala bark petitions

    The Yirrkala Bark Petitions were a group of documents made by the Yolgu people, and were the first legal aboriginal documents recognised by Parliament.
  • President Johnson signs Civil rights Act of 1964

    President Johnson signs Civil rights Act of 1964
    On July 2, 1964, President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, act which prohibited any form of discrimination in public places and made employment based on discrimination illegal. This came about after the incredible efforts of black rights activists, and is the most sweeping civil rights legislation since Reconstruction.
  • Wave Hill cattle station strike

    Wave Hill cattle station strike
    The Wave Hill Cattle Station Strike was a strike performed by roughly 200 different Gurindiji Stockmen, house servants, and their families, protesting the poor treatment many of them had been receiving.
  • Referendum of 1967

    The referendum of 1967 saw overwhelming consensus for the Aboriginal people to be included in the census, and laws to be made about them.
  • Land Rights - Mabo

    The Mabo case was an extremely important law case that covered the land rights of the Meriam people of the Torres Straight Island. Eddie Mabo, the man behind it was named for fought directly against the state of Queensland, the state in which the tribe was from.
  • Road to reconciliation - Redfern Speech

    The Redfern Speech was a speech by Paul Keating, the acting prime minister at the time. The speech addressed the struggles and injustice the Aboriginals were facing, and addressed the past treatment of the indigenous Australians. The Prime Minister reconciled with the Aboriginals, and tried to better accommodate them.
  • Bringing them home report

    The “Bringing them home” report of April 1997 was a report written by the Australian Inquiry Addresses that looked into the thousands of aboriginal children stolen from their families during the period of the Lost Generation. The report acts as a sort of tribute to the traumatic experiences that many of the kids faced.
  • Kevin Rudd's Apology to the Stolen Generation

    Kevin Rudd, the acting prime minster at the time addressed the treatment of the indigenous people over Australian history, specifically the stolen generation. It acts as an important milestone for the acknowledgement of past mistakes by the European people, and helped bring light to what happened in the past.
  • Period: to

    Jim Crow's Laws / Segregation

    The Jim Crow laws were laws which constituted racial segregation throughout America. This meant black and white people would have aces to different things, public restrooms, buses, drinking fountains, and restaurants would all have different rules and regulations depending on the colour of your skin. The white people would always have it easier, as they viewed themselves as 'superior'. This led to racial prejudice and the eventual abolishment of the laws.
  • Period: to

    The Stolen Generation

    The stolen generation was a generation of children from the Australian Aboriginal population who were unwillingly taken from their families by the Australian government, in order to better 'educate them' about the European way of life.