The Birth of Charles DarwinCharles Robert Darwin, naturalist and biologist, was born in Shrewsbury, England.
Voyage on the BeagleWhile only 22 years old, Darwin took sail on FitzRoy's HMS Beagle. The mission was to conduct vital geology and natural history observations. While at sea, Darwin suffered from sea sickness, but ensured to maintain key notes and collect specimens for appraisal. The specimens were those of plants, animals, rocks, and fossils.
The voyage lasted five years, and while he was away, he unknowingly grew into a famous naturalist. Many of his observations helped him form his theory of evolution.
The Structure and Distribution of Coral ReefsThis was Darwin's first monograph. It was published six years after his voyage of the Beagle.
The publication covered Darwin's theory on the formation of coral reefs and atolls. Darwin's theory was that an array of atolls and coral reefs could be scientifically explained by the uplift and subsidence of vast areas of Earth's crust under the ocean.
The book was 1 of 3 based on his investigations on the voyage. Darwin was awarded the Royal Society's Royal medal for his work.
Darwin Goes PublicA collection of papers from Darwin and Wallace including "The Variation of Organic Beings under Domestication and in their Natural State," and "On the Variation of Organic Beings in the State of Nature; on the Natural Means of Selection; on the Comparison of Domestic Races and true Species." were read at a meeting of the Linnean Society in London. The papers covered the theory of natural selection. Needless to say the common reaction was shock.
On the Origin of SpeciesDarwin's "On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life" is published. The piece of scientific literature is known to be the foundation of evolutionary biology.
During the 19th century the Church of England was very influential in scientific establishment. Obviously, the book was controversial because of it's contradiction to the theory that humans are unique and unrelated to animals.
The Descent of ManCharles Darwin's "The Descent of Man" was published following his famous book "The Origin of Species". In this book, Darwin expands on his theory of evolution by detailing his theory of sexual selection. Issues like evolutionary psychology and ethics, differences between human races and sexes, the superiority of men to women, and the relevance of the evolutionary theory to society were detailed.
The book did not receive the backlash that "The Origin of Species" did.
The Death of Charles DarwinDarwin passes away in Down, Kent. His cause of death is believed to have been the outcome of Chagas's disease. It is believed that he obtained this disease from a bug bite during his studies in South America. He was given a state funeral. Only have few people considered non-royal was awarded this honorable arrangement. In remembrance, enjoy a short video on Darwin's theory of evolution