Chapter Twenty

By Sheryl
  • Jan 1, 1531

    Juan Diego (1474-1548)

    The Virgin of Guadalupe appears to Diego and requests a church in her honor be built on the site of the former shrine to the Aztec's mother goddess.
  • Jan 1, 1571

    Arrival of the Jesuits in Mexico

  • Juan de Yepes Alvarez

    Better known as Saint John of the Cross (1542-1591) A Carmelite priest and friar, Saint John restored absolute poverty in the monasteries and tried to eradicate moral lenience. His Dark Knight of the Soul characterizes the passage of a man's soul from the captivity of his physical structure to a spiritual fusion with God.
  • Domenikos Theotokopoulos

    A.K.A. El Greco (1541-1614) A mannerist painter, El Greco used mysticism, conflicting colors, twisted form, and a challenging use of space to create works that complimented the new Catholicism
  • Jacopo Tintoretto (1518-1594)

    The Last Supper (1592-1594) Oil on canvas.
    Amannerist painter, Tintoretto's Last Supper painting represents a different element to the miracle of the sacrament, almost spontaneous.
  • Baroque Style Began

  • The Supper at Emmaus

    Michelangelo Merisi, better known as Caravaggio (1571-1610) rejects the propriety and the representation of perfect figures in High Renaissance. Caravaggio humanizes sacred subjects with naturalism, dramatized Christian events and appealed more to the senses than the mind.
  • The Crucifixion of Saint Peter

    Caravaggio painted oil on canvas
  • Japanese outlaw Christianity

    Decades of disruption caused by European efforts to win trading priveleges in Japan.
  • Visions

    Teresa of Avila (1515-1582) founded religious houses in her early life, defended expressions of humility, and became widely known as "the roving nun" from her travels all over Spain.
  • Giovanni Gabrieli

    Giovanni Gabrieli (1555-1612) As a dominant composer and known as, "the father of orchestration" renounced the Roman favorite a capella. Gabreili brought instrumental ensambles, solo instrumentation and two or more choruses together in a dramatic new style.
  • Richard Crashaw (1613-1649)

    Wrote religious poems in Latin and English and dedicated at least two lyrical pieces to Saint Teresa, on of which is The Flaming Heart (1652)
  • Begin of the Thirty Years War

  • Claudio Monteverdi

    Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643) In 1621 he became Chapel Master of Saint Mark's in Venice. Considered to be the greatest Italian composer of the seventeenth century, he wrote numerous kinds of music as well as operas, madrigals and ballets.
  • David

    David by Gianlorenzo Bernini (1598-1680) appears in mid-action causing the viewer to imagine the sculpture's finishing move.
  • Baldacchino / Canopy

    Bernini's Baldacchino, 1624-1633 Bronze with gilding, 93ft. 6in.
  • The end of The Thirty Years War

    Five million Christians dead, Northern Europe establishes Protestantism
  • The Ecstacy of Saint Teresa

    Bernini, marble, 11ft. 6in.
  • facade of San Carlo alle Quatro Fontane

    Francisco Barromini (1599-1667) Barromini combined Corinthian columns, a cartouche at the roofline supported by life-sized angels and a scrolled gable.
  • Apotheosis of Saint Ignatious

    A fresco by Andrea Pozzo (1642-1709)