Causes of WWI

  • End of the Franco-Prussian War

    France lost Alsace-Lorraine to Germany. They were very upset with this loss.
  • Actions of Bismarck

    A “Dual Alliance” was formed between Germany and Austria-Hungary.
  • Actions of Bismarck

    Bismarck created a treaty with Russia, which took another alliance away from France.
  • Actions of Bismarck

    Three years after the Dual Alliance was formed between Germany an Austria-Hungary, Italy joined this alliance, forming the “Triple Alliance.”
  • New ruler of Germany

    Kaiser Wilhelm II became the new ruler of Germany.
  • Actions of Kaiser Wilhelm II

    Wilhelm forced Bismarck to resign because he wanted to have more power. He allowed the treaty with Russia to lapse.
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    Wilhelm’s Response to Russia and France’s Military Alliance

    In the late 1800s to the early 1900s, Wilhelm attempted to make the German navy equal to the Royal Navy of Britain.
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    New Treaties Developed

    Russia reacted to Wilhelm II let Germany’s treaty with Russia lapse by forming a defensive military alliance with France.
  • Actions taken by Great Britain

    Britain created the “Triple Entente,” which was and alliance between France, Russia, and Great Britain.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Annexed

    Austria annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Serbian leaders seeking to take over these vowed to take the areas back, but Austria responded by vowing to crush the efforts that the Serbians made in the Balkans.
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria

    France Ferdinand was the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne. He was paid to visit the capital of Bosnia, Sarajevo. During his travels, he was shot at point-blank range in an open car by Gavrilo Princip, a 19 year old Serbian member of the Black Hand.