Caterina Maria Romula de Medici

  • Apr 13, 1519

    Catherine de Medici's Birth

    Catherine de Medici's Birth
    Catherine was born in Florence, Italy. Lorenzo de Medici who was a Duke of Urbino and ruler of Florence was Catherine's father. Madeleine de la Tour d'Auvergne, cousins with Francis I the king of France at the time, was her mother. After 2 weeks of Catherine's birth, her mother died.
  • Apr 16, 1519

    Baptism

    Baptism
    Since Lorenzo II, Duke of Urbino and Madeleina de La Tour d'Auvergne were both ill short after their daughters birth they decided to baptize her in the church of San Lorenzo. The daughter's complete name was Caterina Maria Romula de Medici.
  • Feb 6, 1531

    Portrait

    Portrait
    Sebastiano del Piombo, Giorgio Vasari, and posibly Bronzino painted a portrait of Catherine. Leaving the painting unattended, Catherine and her friends sneaked in and added color to the painting. The artist although did not become upset. A Venetian ambassador described Catherine as small, thin, without fine features, and bulging eyes.
  • Feb 3, 1533

    Wedding

    Wedding
    At the young age of 14, Catherine's uncle Pope Clement VII arranged her to marry the duke of Orleans who was the second son of the king of France. Her husband was later known as Henry II.
  • Jan 19, 1544

    Birth of Francis II

    Birth of Francis II
    Francis II was Catherine's and Henry's first child. Later on he became king of France. He married Mary the Queen of Scots in 1558. Francis II died December 5, 1560.
  • Jun 27, 1550

    Birth of Charles IX

    Birth of Charles IX
    Charles was the fifth child. He married Elizabeth of Austria in 1570. Charles had one daughter but she died young. Charles died May 30, 1574.
  • Sep 9, 1551

    Birth of Henry III

    Birth of Henry III
    Henry III was the sixth child. In 1574, Henry III was the King of Poland for awhile. Henry III married Louise of Lorraine in 1575. He died August 2, 1589.
  • May 14, 1553

    Birth of Margaret

    Birth of Margaret
    Was the seventh child. She married Henry IV the king of France and later divorced him. Her wedding is well known because it took place on St. Bartholomew's Day of Maasacre. Margaret died March 27, 1615.
  • Jun 30, 1559

    Henry's II death

    Henry's II death
    A jousting event was held to mark the signing of the Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis which brought an end to France's and Spain's wars over Italy. Henry II was very tired and Catherine told him not to continue riding another course. But during the celebration, a lance pierced the eye and brain of Henry II. The poisonous wound bloated his face preventing him of sight, speech, and common sense/reason. Ten days later he was buried in Chateau des Tournelles in Paris.
  • Aug 21, 1560

    The Fontainbleau Assembly

    The Fontainbleau Assembly
    Catherine de Medici arranged that Michel de I'Hopital would assemble notables. Michel's children were Calvinist's. At that assembly she suspended the punishment of the heretics. She also said that the State Generals were to meet her in Orleans in December to seek religious peace.
  • Sep 9, 1561

    The Colloquy of Poissy

    The Colloquy of Poissy
    This event took place in Poissy France. Catherine wanted to ensure that the French church could reform itself without the pope's or general councils' help. The conference was between Calvinists and Catholic theologians and they wanted to reconcilliate their religious problems. The conference was not succesful because the opposing parties did not compromise on essential points.
  • Feb 3, 1572

    St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre

    St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
    Catherine arranged her daughter Marguerite to marry the Protestant Henry king of Navarre. The celebration took place in Paris. Huguenot the leader of Coligny was murdered, as well as hundreds of other Protestants that attended the wedding. It's beleived and probable that Catherine was involved.
  • Catherine's death

    Catherine's death
    Catherine died at the age of 70 and was buried in the church of St. Denis in Paris next to her husband. She is believed to have died due to pneumonia.