Canadian immigration

Timeline created by nuggets9000
  • women brought to colony

    women brought to colony
    between 1665 and 1673 about a thousand women were brought to the colony under a policy of careful selection, supervision, and distribution
  • Expulsion of the Acadians

    Expulsion of the Acadians
    Between 1755 and 1763, approximately 10,000 Acadians are deported after delegates refuse to take an oath of allegiance to Britain. Acadians, the first French community in Canada, are allies of the Mi’kmaq and possess a distinctive culture. Following the Acadian Expulsion, thousands die of disease or starvation.
  • The Seven Years' War

    The Seven Years' War
    The Seven Years’ War is the first global war, fought in Europe, India, America, and at sea. In North America, Britain and France (aided by Indigenous allies) struggled for supremacy. With the Treaty of Paris, France formally cedes Canada to the British.
  • black loyalists

    black loyalists
    3,000 Black Loyalists, among them freemen and slaves, fled the oppression of the American Revolution and came to Canada.
  • first loyalists

    first loyalists
    Lord Dorchester, Governor-in-Chief of British North America, gave official recognition to the “First Loyalists” – those loyal to the Crown who fled the oppression of the American Revolution to settle in Nova Scotia and Quebec.
  • abolishing slavery

    abolishing slavery
    Upper Canada became the first province in the British Empire to abolish slavery. In turn, over the course of the 19th century, thousands of black slaves escaped from the United States and came to Canada with the aid of the Underground Railroad, a Christian anti-slavery network.
  • russian opression

    russian opression
    Polish refugees fled to Canada to escape Russian oppression. The year 1858 marked the first significant mass migration of Poles escaping Prussian occupation in northern Poland.
  • First residential school opens

    First residential school opens
    The first residential school for Indigenous children, the Mohawk Institute in Brantford, ON, opens. By separating children from their families.
  • Cholera Epidemic spreads

    Cholera Epidemic spreads
    Grosse Île, near Québec, was opened as a quarantine station during the cholera epidemics and all ships stopped there for inspection. This station was a futile attempt by the government to control the disease that killed up to 10% of the population.
  • Italians escaped the ravages of Italy’s unification

     Italians escaped the ravages of Italy’s unification
    Italians escaped the ravages of Italy’s unification as farmers were driven off their land as a result of the new Italian state reforms.
  • Jews sought refuge to Canada

    Jews sought refuge to Canada
    Thousands of persecuted Jews, fleeing pogroms in the Pale of Settlement, sought refuge in Canada.
  • migration of 170,000 Ukrainians

    migration of 170,000 Ukrainians
    The migration of 170,000 Ukrainians began, mainly to flee oppression from areas under Austro-Hungarian rule, marking the first wave of Ukrainians seeking refuge in Canada.
  • Klondike Gold Rush begins

    Klondike Gold Rush begins
    George Washington Carmack, Skookum Jim and Tagish Charlie discovered gold on Bonanza Creek, a tributary of the Klondike River. During the Klondike Gold Rush from 1897 to 1899 at least 100,000 people stampeded to the gold fields.
  • Alberta and Saskatchewan become provinces

    Alberta and Saskatchewan become provinces
    Alberta and Saskatchewan entered Canada as the 8th and 9th provinces by two federal Acts which received royal assent on 20 July. Alberta's boundary with Saskatchewan was set at 110°, though Albertans wanted 107°. The Acts (Autonomy Bills) declared that the West was to have non-denominational schools.
  • second wave of Ukrainians

    second wave of Ukrainians
    The second wave of Ukrainians fled from Communism, civil war and Soviet occupation.
  • Battle of Vimy Ridge

    Battle of Vimy Ridge
    On Easter Monday, four Canadian divisions and one British brigade captured Vimy Ridge, near Arras, France, with a loss of 3578 killed and 7000 wounded. It was a brilliant victory for the Canadians, who sensed a new national awareness.
  • third wave of Ukrainians flee

    third wave of Ukrainians flee
    The third wave of Ukrainians fled Communist rule.
  • Displaced persons

    Displaced persons
    250,000 displaced persons (DPs) from Central and Eastern Europe came to Canada, victims of both National Socialism (Nazism) and Communism, and Soviet occupation.
  • United Nations Convention

    United Nations Convention
    The United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees was created.
  • Hungarians find refuge in Canada

    Hungarians find refuge in Canada
    37,000 Hungarians escaped Soviet tyranny and found refuge in Canada.
  • Chinese refugees flee

    Chinese refugees flee
    Chinese refugees fled the Communist violence of the Cultural Revolution.
  • First Bill of Rights

    First Bill of Rights
    Prime Minister John Diefenbaker, whose grandfather was a German refugee of the Napoleonic Wars, introduced Canada’s first Bill of Rights.
  • Canada signed the United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees

    Canada signed the United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
    Canada signed the United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, and its Protocol, agreeing not to return a person to their country of origin if that person had grounds to fear persecution.
  • Immigration Act

    Immigration Act
    Coming into force of the Immigration Act of 1976, which recognized refugees as a distinct class of immigrants. These changes also allowed Canadian citizens to privately sponsor refugees.
  • Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB).

     Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB).
  • Canada awarded Nansen Medal

    Canada awarded Nansen Medal
    The United Nations awarded Canada the Nansen Medal for its outstanding humanitarian tradition of settling refugees.
  • New refugee determination system

    New refugee determination system
    The Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada and new refugee determination system began work on January 1, 1989.
  • Immigration and Refugee Protection Act

    Immigration and Refugee Protection Act
    Immigration and Refugee Protection Act came into force and set out main principles and features of the refugee protection program.
  • Safe Third Country Agreement

    Safe Third Country Agreement
    The Safe Third Country Agreement between Canada and the United States is established for responsibility sharing in processing refugee claims from nationals of third countries.
  • Expanding refugee resettlement

    Expanding refugee resettlement
    Canada expands its refugee resettlement programs by 20% over three years.