Canada 1800 - 1900

  • Period: to

    Canada 1800 - 1900

  • James Hanna obtains 560 sea otter pelts

    • Starts the Maritime Fur Trade
  • HBC gives Lord Selkirk 300,000 km for the Selkirk Grant

    • Native Rights
    • named Rupert's Land
  • Selkirk establishes Red River

  • Immigrants begin to settle in Red River

    • Selkirk brings in dozens of families from the highlands to settle his new territory
  • War of 1812

    • gives Canada a sense of unity and pride, fighting as a part of the empire
  • Negative effects of immigration begin to affect the Natives

    • cholera
    • smallpox
  • Battle of Seven Oaks

    • ends struggle between Northwest Company and Hudson's Bay Company
  • HBC and NWC unite

    This put an end to intercolonial Fur Trading competition. Now that the Northwest Company and the Hudsons's Bay Company were no longer competing with eachother, they were able to combine their efforts and work successfully as a team. This enabled them to compete with and beat the American Fur Traders.
  • Papineau presents the 92 Resolutions

    Three years later, the Canadian Government refuses the resolutions. Instead,they send back 10 Resolutions of their own, taking away the little say that the poor had in the way their country was run. This angered them, and caused them to rebel in the Rebellions of 1837.
    - is a big contributing factor
  • Battle of Montgomery's Tavern

    This Battle was a short one--only about 15 minutes long, but important none the less. This battle took place on Yonge Street in Upper Canada, in front of Montgomey's Tavern, hence the name. Rebel leader Mackenzie led his brave soldiers to the Tavern for a valiant fight, but was quickly outnumbered by government forces, and fled for their lives. The Tavern was then looted and burned.
  • Durham Report

    The Durham Report was a report written up by Lord Durham that suggested solutions for Canada's biggest issue at the time: the rebellions. This report put an end to the Rebellions. It suggested that Upper Canada and Lowere Canada unite and become one large Canada to eliminate their disputes. They did with the Act of Union of 1840, and became one big, strong nation.
  • HBC divides Canada and the USA at the 49th parallel

    • reduces the number of furs going across the Canadian border into the USA
    • boost Canada's economy
  • The Cariboo Wagon Road begins construction

    • to assist those travelling to the Caribou Gold Rush
  • Cariboo Gold Rush

    • led to settlement in British Columbia
  • Canada joins Confederation

    see website for details; this is my number one point, so it is written out in a more suitable format on the website.
  • Canadian Government buys Rupert's Land from the HBC

    When the Canadian Government bought Red River from the HBC, they did not consult the natives living there, the Metis, before selling their home. When William McDougall sent land surveyors (before the land was even technically his) to Red River, the Natives angrily turned them away, and did the same when McDougall later came to the territory to govern it. Louis Riel, the leader of the Metis then led his people into a rebellion against the Canadian government.
  • Louis Riel kills Thomas Scott

    After Riel led the Metis into rebellion, they captured Fort Garry, and the armed Canadians that the government sent to stop the Metis. One in particular, Thomas Scott, talked trash about the Metis while in jail, so Riel accused him of treason, a crime that he knew was punishable by death, and had Thomas Scott executed by a firing squad.
  • BC joins Confederation

    • Canadian Paciffic Railway is built as a result. The promise of it was the main reason BC joined Confederation in the first place.
  • John A MacDonald passes the 'Royal Irish Constabulary System"

    • Makes the North West Mounted Police official
  • 1873 Pacific Scandal

    • the Conservative party was thrown out of office as a result
  • Louis Riel returns from the USA

    After killing Thomas Scott, the English were very unhappy with Riel, and wanted HIM killed. The Metis told him to flee the country, and he did. Ater about fifteen years, Riel returned to Red River with good intentions, but accidentally stirred up conflict once again.
  • Donald Smith drives the last spike into the Canadian Pacific Railway

    This small action by Donald Smith completed the CPR, which was now able to function. The CPR would do miracles for Canada's economy by providing means of intercolonial trade, uniting all of Canada by running through it. The CPR enabled people from different ends of the nation to trade goods with each other, rather than the USA, which boosted Canada's economy enormously, and helped to strengthen the nation.
  • Louis Riel is hung

    Riel returned from the USA with good intentions, and did not want to cause another rebellions. He simply wanted to return to his home in Red River and live with his Metis family, but was captured by the English, who were still angry that he killed Thomas Scott. They put him on trial and accused HIM of treason. Louis Riel was hung on November 16, 1885.
  • 100,000 prospectors migrated for the Klondike Gold Rush

    • immigration and population of Canada grows enormously
    • economy strengthens
  • Clifford Sifton campaigns the "Last Best West"

    There was a great deal of land left over from the CPR and the HBC, so Clifford Sifton decided to give it away to immigrants for free.He named the region which is now Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba the Last Best West, and marketed it aggressively, targeting the dry-farmers from Europe and America that he knew could use it best. Sifton's goal was to use the left over land to farm wheat to sell and strengthen Canada's economy and productivity.