Civil Rights

  • Brown vs Board of Education

    Brown vs Board of Education
    It was a Supreme Court case to end segregation, 9-0 decision-or unamious,for equal protection under the 14th amendment, after the decision violence and riots broke out, with some schools closing.
  • Emmet Till

    Emmet Till
    14 year old boy from Chicago,visiting family in Mississippi, he was accused of whistling to a white woman. Roy Bryant and JW Milan kidnap,beat,shot,killed and threw Emmet’s body in a river. Maime Till, ‘Emmet’s mother has an open casket funeral. Both mean stood trail,and were found not guilty. This is the spark to start the civil rights movements.
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    Rosa Parks refused to move seats and she was arrested on Dec 1,1995. On Dec 5, 1955- bus boycott begins and lasts 381 days. Martin Luther King emerges as the leader of the bus boycott 1st large scale demonstration- nonviolent in the U.S. very successful because 75% of all riders are black.
  • SCLC

    Aka (Southern Christian Leadership Confrence*non violent*)
    - started after the bus boycott to organize protest.
    - Martin Luther King was elected President
    - organized protest around the south coordinate events,such Greensboro sit ins, March on Washington and Selma
    - after MLK’s assassination it declined
    - still exists today
  • Little Rock 9

    Little Rock 9
    • testing brown vs board of education decision.
    • 9 students were vetted to under go this test.
    • airborn 101 escorted students to class.
    • following year all public schools closed (1958)
    • Aug 29,1959- schools reopened
  • Greensboro 4

    Greensboro 4
    4 college students sat down at a lunch counter at Wordsworth to be served. They were refused service,so they continued to “sit in” and others joined. The protest spread to other towns forced charge
  • Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

    Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
    Youth group of students remained fiercely independent of MLK and SCLC, generating their own projects and strategies. The two organizations worked side by side throughout the years of the civil rights movement. This group was the second half of the freedom riders and were a part of the March to Selma.
  • Freedom Riders

    Freedom Riders
    2 week buss trip to the Deep South, to deliberately violate Jim Crow laws.It was organized by CORE. The buses were burned and riders beaten by the KKK. Nov 1, 1961 white and colored signs are removed from bus stations, train stations, and lunch counters.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    For jobs and freedom was to advocate for the civil and eronic rights of African Americans. 250,000 people were in attendance at the Lincoln memorial. MLK was the kissy yo speak and gave his “I have a dream” 70-80% of the Marchers were black, It helped to pass the civil rights of 1964.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    Forbids employers and labor unions to discriminate against any person on groups of race,color, religion, sex, physical disability or age in job related matters, cannot be refused service. Prohibits discrimination against race,color,religion national origin, sex and physical disability
  • March on Selma

    March on Selma
    600 students March from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama to get the right to vote. They walked 54 miles and were stopped at the bridge. Seen on the national television. LBJ order the passage of 1965 voting rights law. 2nd March took place March 21-24 with 25,000 including MLK.
  • Voting Rights Act 1965

    Voting Rights Act 1965
    One of the most comprehensive pieces of legislation in US history black were registering to vote and being elected to public office.