Students with Exceptionalities1960-Present
P.A.R.C v. PennsylvaniaThe argument was that all children including those with any type of disability have the right to an education. .Since this lawsuit, all children with disabilities have the right to FAPE. Students may not learn academically as they should but, can learn to different life skills.
http://www.fortelawgroup.com/history-special-education-important-landmark-cases/ Forte, J. (2017). History of Special Education: Important Landmark Cases
Mills v. Board of Education of the District of ColumbiaThe argument was that all children including children with disabilities have the right to an education. The final court rule was for all public schools to provide a FAPE to children with disabilities. This ensures all students with disabilities are receiving an education with an IEP in the least restrict environment.
Forte, J. (2017). History of Special Education: Important Landmark Cases. http://www.fortelawgroup.com/history-special-education-important-landmark-cases/
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act 1975The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act is a legislation which ensures students with disabilities receive an education based on their individualized needs. This legislative act has supported the needs of students with disabilities by entitling them to a free education. It also ensures they receive entitlements to furthering their education and to employment.
U.S. Department of Education, IDEA Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, https://sites.ed.gov/idea/
Timothy W. v. Rochester New Hampshire School District 1989The argument was on Timothy W. who was handicap and not eligible for special education services because his disabilities were severe. It was stated that he would not benefit from special education services. The court stated there is a zero-reject policy. This has protected the rights of disabled children. Forte, J. (2017). History of Special Education: Important Landmark Cases. http://www.fortelawgroup.com/history-special-education-important-landmark-cases/
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990The American with Disabilities is a civil rights law which forbids discrimination grounded on disability. The ADA has supported the needs of students with disabilities by having them included and protected in many areas such as education. It allows students with disabilities to have the same rights as everyone else.
ADA National Network, https://adata.org/ada-timeline