Branches of Government By kmwells Nov 15, 1777 Article I Legislative Branch The legislation is made up of two houses, the House of Republicans and the Senate. The most important job of this branch is to make laws. Jul 9, 1778 Article II Executive Branch The President o the United States is head of the Executive Branch. Also included is the Vice President of the United States and the Presidents appointed cabinet members. This branch approves the laws. Feb 2, 1790 Article III Judicial Branch The judicial branch is the overseer of the court systems. This branch enforces the laws. It also includes the highest court, the Supreme Court.