Black History Month Timeline

Timeline created by notmaddie2728
In History
  • The first African slaves arrive in Virginia

    The first African slaves arrive in Virginia
    Transported via the English ship the White Lion to Jamestown where they were sold.
  • Stono Rebellion

    Stono Rebellion
    Slave rebellion in the colony of South Carolina. Largest uprising in the British Mainland colonies. 25 colonists and 35-50 Africans were killed.
  • Lucy Terry

    Lucy Terry
    The earliest known Black American white poet. Wrote about the last Native American attack on her village of Deerfield, Massachusetts. Her poem, Bar's Fight, was not published until 1855.
  • Crispus Attucks Death

    Crispus Attucks Death
    Regarded as the first person killed in the Boston Massacre, thus making him the first American Revolution casualty.
  • Phillis Wheatley

    Phillis Wheatley
    Wrote a book titled "Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral" is published, making her the first published African American.
  • Slave Revolt

    Slave Revolt
    Gabriel Prosser, an enslaved African-American blacksmith, organizes a slave revolt intending to march on Richmond, Virginia. The conspiracy is uncovered, and Prosser and a number of the rebels are hanged. Virginia's slave laws are consequently tightened.
  • No more slaves from Africa

    No more slaves from Africa
    Congress bans the importation of slaves from Africa.
  • Slavery made illegal

    Slavery made illegal
    Slavery was made illegal in the Northwest territory. The U.S. constitution states that congress may not ban slave trade until 1808
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Bans slavery north of the southern boundary of Missouri.
  • Denmark Vesey

    Denmark Vesey
    An enslaved African-American carpenter who had purchased his freedom, plans a slave revolt with the intent to lay siege on Charleston, South Carolina. The plot is discovered, and Vesey and 34 co-conspirators are hanged.
  • William Llyod Garrison publishes the Liberator

    William Llyod Garrison publishes the Liberator
    The first abolitionist newspaper was published. He becomes one of the most famous figures in the unit.
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion

    Nat Turner's Rebellion
    Most significant slave uprising in American history; Occurred in Southampton County, VA, and militia finally ended rebellion.
  • Wilmot Provisio Introduced

    Wilmot Provisio Introduced
    Introduced by democratic representative David Wilmot of Pennsylvania in attempts to ban slavery in territory gained from the Mexican American Wars.
  • Fredrick Douglas launches the North Star

    Fredrick Douglas launches the North Star
    Fredrick Douglas tags along in the publishing of the abolitionist newspapers going around the north
  • Harriet Tubman Escapes Slavery

    Harriet Tubman Escapes Slavery
    She becomes one of the most influential escape artistes and helps many slaves escape to freedom
  • Fugitive Slave Laws

    Fugitive Slave Laws
    Provided for the return slaves who had escaped and crossed state lines.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    California is admitted as a free state and other territories won in Mexican American war are decided by popular sovereignty.
  • Harriet beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Harriet beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Becomes one of the most influential works to stir anti-slavery movements.
  • Kansas Nebraska Act

    Kansas Nebraska Act
    Established the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. Repeals the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and renews tensions between anti- and proslavery factions.
  • Dred Scott case

    Dred Scott case
    Holds that congress does not have the right to ban slavery in states, and furthermore, that slaves are not citizens.
  • John Brown

    John Brown
    Him and 21 followers capture the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (Now in West Virginia), in an attempt to launch a slave revolt.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    President Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring "that all persons held as slaves" within the Confederate states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
  • Start of the civil war

    Start of the civil war
    The confederacy is founded when the deep south secedes, starting the beginning of the civil war.
  • Creation of the Freedmen's Bureau

    Creation of the Freedmen's Bureau
    Created to protect the rights of newly emancipated blacks.
  • Black Codes

    Black Codes
    Black Codes are passed by Southern states, drastically restricting the rights of newly freed slaves.
  • Reconstruction Acts

    Reconstruction Acts
    Passed, carving the former Confederacy into five military districts and guaranteeing the civil rights of freed slaves.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    Constitution is ratified, prohibiting slavery.
  • End of the Civil War

    End of the Civil War
    Ended at Appomattox courthouse when the confederacy surrendered.
  • Lincoln's Assassinated

    Lincoln's Assassinated
    Lincoln was shot in the head by John W. Booth.
  • End of slavery

    End of slavery
    Slavery in the U.S. is effectively ended when 250,000 slaves in Texas finally receive the news that the Civil War had ended two months earlier
  • KKK Formed

    KKK Formed
    The white knights of the Ku Klux Klan was formed as a white supremacy organization to fight against minority's rights. Formed by ex-confederates in Tennessee.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    The fourteenth amendment to the constitution is ratified, defining citizenship. Individuals born or naturalized in the United States are American citizens, including those born as slaves. This nullifies the Dred Scott case (1857), which had ruled that blacks were not citizens.
  • Fifteenth Ammendment

    Fifteenth Ammendment
    Allowed black the right to vote
  • Hiram Revels Becomes first Black U.S. Senator

    Hiram Revels Becomes first Black U.S. Senator
    During reconstruction, sixteen blacks served in congress and 600 served in legislation.
  • The compromise of 1877

    The compromise of 1877
    Reconstruction ends in south; Troops are drawn back from south, and civil rights for African Americans rights quickly erode.
  • Booker T. Washington founded Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute in Alabama

    Booker T. Washington founded Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute in Alabama
    School becomes one of the leading schools of higher learning for African Americans.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Landmark court case that shows racial segregation as constitutional if both conditions for each race are the same.
  • NAACP Formed by W.E.B. Dubois

    NAACP Formed by W.E.B. Dubois
    Served as the country's most influential African American civil rights activists.
  • Harlem Renissance Flourishes Between 1920's and 1930's

    Harlem Renissance Flourishes Between 1920's and 1930's
    This literary, artistic, and intellectual movement fosters a new black cultural identity.
  • Jackie Robinson breaks Major League Baseball's color barrier when he signs with the brooklyn dodgers

    Jackie Robinson breaks Major League Baseball's color barrier when he signs with the brooklyn dodgers
    First African American Baseball Payer in Major Leagues
  • Truman´s executive order

    Truman´s executive order
    Although African-Americans had participated in every major U.S. war, it was not until after World War II that President Harry S. Truman issues an executive order integrating the U.S. armed forces.
  • Brown V. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas

    Brown V. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
    Declares that racial segregation in schools is unconstitutional.
  • Emmett Till

    Emmett Till
    A young black boy, Emmett Till, is brutally murdered for allegedly whistling at a white woman in Mississippi. Two white men charged with the crime are acquitted by an all-white jury. They later boast about committing the murder. The public outrage generated by the case helps spur the civil rights movement.
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    Refuses to give up her seat at the front of the ¨colored section¨ of a bus to a white passenger (December 1st). In response to her arrest Montgomery´s black community launched a successful year-long bus boycott. Montgomery´s buses are desegregated on December 21st, 1956.
  • ¨Little Rock Nine¨

    ¨Little Rock Nine¨
    Nine black students are blocked from entering the school on the orders of Governor Orval Faubus (September 24th). Federal troops and the National Guard are called to intervene on behalf of the students, who become known as the ¨Little Rock Nine.¨ Despite a year of violent threats, several of the ¨Little Rock Nine" manage to graduate from Central High.
  • "Greensboro Four"

    "Greensboro Four"
    Four black students in Greensboro, North Carolina, begin a sit-in at a segregated Woolworth's lunch counter (February 1st). Six months later the "Greensboro Four" are served lunch at the same Woolworth's counter. The event triggers many similar nonviolent protests throughout the South.
  • Birmingham church bombing

    Birmingham church bombing
    Act of white supremacist terrorism in Alabama. Killed 4 little girls.
  • The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is attended by about 250,000 people

    The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is attended by about 250,000 people
    This was the largest demonstration ever seen in the Capital. Martin Luther King Jr. Gave his famous 'I have A Dream" speech.
  • President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act

    President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act
    This was the most sweeping civil rights legislation since reconstruction. It prohibits discrimination of any kind.
  • Martin Luther King Jr. Recieves Nobel Peace Prize

    Martin Luther King Jr. Recieves Nobel Peace Prize
    He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent resistance to racial prejudice in America
  • Black Panthers are founded by Hewey Newton and Bobby Seale

    Black Panthers are founded by Hewey Newton and Bobby Seale
    political party formed in order to protect black civilians from police brutality
  • Thurgood Marshall appointed to Supreme Court

    Thurgood Marshall appointed to Supreme Court
    First Black supreme court justice
  • Civil Rights Act of 1968

    Civil Rights Act of 1968
    President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968, prohibiting discrimination in the sale, rental, and financial housing.
  • Martin Luther Kinig Jr. Is Assassinated at Mephis, TN

    Martin Luther Kinig Jr. Is Assassinated at Mephis, TN
    The end of King's civil rights movement legacy
  • Shirley Chisholm runs for president

    Shirley Chisholm runs for president
    New York representative and first black woman in Congress
  • Bloody Sunday

    Bloody Sunday
    Police Brutally Attacked a peaceful march and left many injured
  • Cotton Gin

    Cotton Gin
    Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin, greatly increasing the demand for slave labor.
  • Oprah Winfrey launches her show

    Oprah Winfrey launches her show
    The first black woman to have a daytime television show
  • Frederick Drew Gregory

    Frederick Drew Gregory
    First black man to command a space shuttle
  • Rodney King

    Rodney King
    King is beaten to near death by police after resisting arrest.
  • First Race Riots

    First Race Riots
    The first race riots in decades erupt in south-central Los Angeles after a jury acquits four white police officers for the videotaped beating of African American Rodney King.
  • Barack Obama

    Barack Obama
    Becomes the first African American to be elected president of the United States, defeating Republican candidate, Senator John McCain.