Timeline #2 Baroque

Timeline created by videokam
In Music
  • Baroque?

    The Baroque was an era of ornamentation
    (usually improvised) and extremes
  • Tonality

    This was the formal beginnings of functional tonality.
  • Melody

    Melody in homophony became the most expressive device in music. In early baroque the most expressive was recitative.
  • Rhythm

    Rhythms were performed freely. A large repertoire for keyboard music emerged with more modern and complex rhythms
  • Form

    Binary form was still popular in instrumental music. Vocal music form was determined by the poetic form of the text.
  • Guilo Caccini

    1551-1618
  • Giovani Gabrieli

    1557-1612
  • John Dowland

    1563-1626
  • William Shakespeare

    1564-1616
  • Instruments

    Baroque was the golden age for the organ, many improvements were made to stringed instruments.
  • Jacopo Peri

    1561-1633
  • Claudio Monteverdi

    1567-1643
  • Melody

    recitative moved to more lyrical arias and solo songs
  • Rhythm

    Basso continuo gave music a rhythmic drive. Dotted rhythms were quite common
  • Fugue

    Fugues began to develop
  • Dynamics

    They knew about crescendos and decrescendos but terrace dynamics were preferred
  • Heinrich Schutz

    1585-1672
  • Barbara Strozzi

    1619-77
  • Giovanni Legrenzi

    1626-90
  • Jean-Bapiste Lully

    1632-87
  • John Blow

    1648/49-1708
  • Johann Pachelbel

    1653-1706
  • Giuseppe Torelli

    1658-1709
  • Henry Purcell

    1659-95
  • Instrumental music

    Instrumental music rose further in significance and importance.
  • Opera

    Serious Opera became primary form of public entertainment.
  • Court

    The court was the primary patron of the arts
  • Seventh chords

    Seventh chords were accepted as functional harmony
  • Rhythm in Late Baroque

    tempos were mostly steady in ensemble music. Basso continuo rhythmically and metrically drives beat
  • Late Baroque form

    Da capo aria form was most popular vocal form. Ritornello form was the most popular ensemble form
  • Timbre

    The notion of an "orchestra" began to take shape
  • Late Baroque melody

    melodies were governed by fortspinning and sequences
  • Alessandro Scarlatti

    1660-1725
  • Francois Couperin

    1668-1733
  • Antonio Vivaldi

    1678-1741
  • Jean-Philippe Rameau

    1681-1767
  • Johann Sebastian Bach

    1685-1750
  • Georg Friedrich Handel

    1685-1759
  • Domenico Scarlatti

    1685-1757
  • Johann Joachim Quantz

    1697-1773
  • Harmony

    Modern diatonic system of 24 major and minor keys was firmly established.
  • Period: to

    Early Baroque

  • Period: to

    Middle Baroque

  • Period: to

    Late Baroque